First Release

Year: LIX.
Zagreb, 24 October 2022
VT-2022-1-3

ISSN 1334-0557

FOREIGN TRADE IN GOODS OF THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA, 2021, REVISED DATA

 

The Croatian Bureau of Statistics revised the final data on foreign trade in goods for 2021.

Final data of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics on foreign trade in goods show an increase in export and import of the Republic of Croatia in 2021.

Growth in export, import and foreign trade deficit, while the coverage of import by export remains the same as in 2020

In 2021, according to the revised final data of statistics on foreign trade in goods statistics of the Republic of Croatia, a growth was recorded in export, import and foreign trade deficit, while the coverage of import by export remained the same as in 2020.

The total export of the Republic of Croatia amounted to about 138 billion kuna in 2021, which is a growth of about 26 billion kuna, or about 23%, compared to 2020. At the same time, the total import amounted to about 214 billion kuna, which is a growth of about 41 billion kuna, or about 24%, compared to 2020.

In 2021, foreign trade deficit amounted to about 75 billion kuna, which is an increase of about 25%, or about 15 billion kuna, compared to the previous year. The coverage of import by export was about 65% in 2021, the same as in the previous year.

 

Manufacturing had the largest impact on growth in export and import, while Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply had a significant impact on growth in export and Mining and quarrying on growth in import

With the share of about 84% in the total export in 2021, Manufacturing realised a growth in export of about 21%, thus contributing the most to the growth in the total export of the Republic of Croatia.

Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products, as a part of Manufacturing, with the share of 5% in the total export, contributed the most to the increase in export, with about 61%.

Manufacture of electrical equipment had a significant impact on the increase in export, with the share of about 8% in the total export and with about 30% of the export increase.

Manufacturing also contributed the most to the increase in import of about 19% in 2021, with the share of about 87% in the total import.

Manufacture of basic metals contributed the most to the increase in import within Manufacturing, with the share of about 7% in total import and an increase of about 54%.

Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products also contributed significantly to the increase in import, with the share of about 4% in total import and an increase of 74%.

Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply realised an increase in export of about 125% in 2021 compared to 2020, with the share of about 2% in total export.

Mining and quarrying realised an increase in import of about 121% in 2021 compared to the previous year and accounted for about 7% of the total import.

Machinery and transport equipment accounted for almost a quarter of the total export and import value

The highest value of export and import, i.e. almost a quarter of the total export and import of the Republic of Croatia, according to the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC), was generated by the sector Machinery and transport equipment. In 2021, export in that sector amounted to about 31 billion kuna, accounting for about 23% of the total Croatian export. In the same period, import amounted to about 53 billion kuna and had a share of about 25%.

Germany, Italy and Slovenia still the most important trade partners from the EU 

The most important market for the Republic of Croatia is the EU, as foreign trade in goods with EU Member States accounted for 68% of the total export in 2021, which increased by about 23% compared to 2020, and for about 77% of the total import, which increased by about 20%.

The biggest foreign trade partners from the EU in 2021 were Germany, Italy and Slovenia.

Italy is the partner country to which the most goods were exported in 2021, with a share of about 13% of total exports and an increase of 29% compared to the previous year.

The largest share of goods in 2021 was imported from Germany, which accounted for about 15% in total Croatian import and increased by 20% compared to 2020.

Slovenia continued to be one of the most important partner countries in the total trade of the Republic of Croatia, with a share of almost 11% of total export and also of 11% of total import in 2021.

Bosnia and Herzegovina, the USA and Serbia were the most important partners outside the EU

In 2021, foreign trade in goods with non-EU Member States accounted for 32% of the total export, which increased by about 23%, and for about 23% of the total import, which increased by about 39% compared to 2020.

The largest foreign trade partners outside the EU, with which the Republic of Croatia realised trade in goods in 2021, were Bosnia and Herzegovina, the USA and Serbia. In 2021, almost 9% of the total Croatian export was realised with Bosnia and Herzegovina, which grew by about 28% compared to the previous year, while import grew by about 46%.

 

1 FOREIGN TRADE IN GOODS OF THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA

      Export Import Balance of foreign trade in goods Coverage of import by export, %
Thousand kuna Thousand euros Thousand US $ Thousand kuna Thousand euros Thousand US $ Thousand kuna Thousand euros Thousand US $
2020                                                             
  I 8 692 574 1 167 765 1 307 784 14 354 732 1 928 123 2 160 505 -5 662 158 -760 358 -852 721 60,6
  II 9 642 100 1 296 736 1 433 596 15 974 613 2 148 287 2 372 368 -6 332 513 -851 551 -938 771 60,4
  III 9 085 255 1 218 932 1 337 010 15 081 224 2 022 993 2 224 423 -5 995 968 -804 061 -887 413 60,2
  IV 7 233 018 951 188 1 045 538 11 084 784 1 456 943 1 600 553 -3 851 766 -505 755 -555 015 65,3
  V 7 701 046 1 019 658 1 107 178 12 755 514 1 688 665 1 834 033 -5 054 468 -669 007 -726 855 60,4
  VI 9 454 773 1 248 128 1 382 143 14 893 298 1 965 354 2 180 074 -5 438 525 -717 226 -797 931 63,5
  VII 10 387 736 1 374 051 1 545 159 15 511 965 2 051 735 2 303 852 -5 124 229 -677 684 -758 692 67,0
  VIII 7 647 409 1 020 248 1 210 932 12 660 857 1 689 975 2 005 005 -5 013 448 -669 727 -794 073 60,4
  IX 10 503 359 1 396 638 1 663 423 14 849 477 1 974 537 2 352 068 -4 346 118 -577 899 -688 645 70,7
  X 10 947 896 1 451 410 1 700 460 15 530 560 2 058 574 2 411 165 -4 582 664 -607 164 -710 705 70,5
  XI 10 685 945 1 411 526 1 652 885 14 503 154 1 915 986 2 240 608 -3 817 209 -504 460 -587 723 73,7
  XII 10 149 643 1 343 482 1 605 172 15 233 085 2 016 696 2 411 484 -5 083 442 -673 214 -806 312 66,6
  I – XII 112 130 754 14 899 762 16 991 282 172 433 263 22 917 867 26 096 137 -60 302 509 -8 018 105 -9 104 856 65,0
2021                              
  I 8 538 278 1 132 628 1 388 896 12 979 877 1 721 490 2 112 010 -4 441 599 -588 862 -723 115 65,8
  II 9 773 754 1 293 751 1 569 293 15 713 530 2 079 757 2 522 775 -5 939 776 -786 006 -953 482 62,2
  III 12 249 668 1 617 693 1 954 787 18 640 272 2 461 314 2 971 084 -6 390 604 -843 621 -1 016 297 65,7
  IV 11 555 985 1 527 304 1 800 016 17 234 499 2 278 069 2 680 077 -5 678 515 -750 766 -880 061 67,1
  V 11 446 778 1 514 802 1 830 313 17 197 452 2 276 091 2 750 709 -5 750 673 -761 289 -920 396 66,6
  VI 12 082 449 1 607 911 1 960 951 18 442 083 2 454 098 2 992 233 -6 359 634 -846 187 -1 031 282 65,5
  VII 11 667 286 1 557 560 1 852 331 18 140 403 2 421 790 2 880 034 -6 473 117 -864 231 -1 027 703 64,3
  VIII 9 599 188 1 280 049 1 518 487 16 812 889 2 241 852 2 660 997 -7 213 701 -961 803 -1 142 510 57,1
  IX 12 097 047 1 615 475 1 907 148 19 150 289 2 557 445 3 019 998 -7 053 241 -941 971 -1 112 850 63,2
  X 12 710 373 1 696 335 1 974 796 19 385 915 2 587 371 3 028 234 -6 675 541 -891 036 -1 053 438 65,6
  XI 13 828 493 1 841 998 2 146 978 20 109 113 2 678 453 3 121 703 -6 280 620 -836 455 -974 726 68,8
  XII 12 733 366 1 693 801 1 924 035 19 836 305 2 638 044 2 996 958 -7 102 939 -944 243 -1 072 922 64,2
  I – XII 138 282 665 18 379 307 21 828 031 213 642 625 28 395 776 33 736 812 -75 359 960 -10 016 469 -11 908 781 64,7

I FOREIGN TRADE IN GOODS OF THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA, KUNA

1 EXPORT AND IMPORT, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007.

Thousand kuna

          Export  Import
I - XII 2020 I -XII 2021 Indices
I -XII 2021
I - XII 2020
I - XII 2020 I -XII 2021 Indices
I -XII 2021
I - XII 2020
    Total 112 130 754 138 282 665 123,3 172 433 263 213 642 625 123,9
A   Agriculture, forestry and fishing 6 718 621 8 166 007 121,5 5 032 029 5 828 413 115,8
  Mining and quarrying 4 816 114 6 746 778 140,1 6 308 880 13 921 094 220,7
  Manufacturing 96 319 233 116 310 355 120,8 156 986 482 186 373 590 118,7
  10 Manufacture of food products 9 389 692 11 052 586 117,7 16 356 294 19 407 096 118,7
  11 Manufacture of beverages 1 102 346 1 351 819 122,6 1 739 889 2 047 138 117,7
  12 Manufacture of tobacco products 1 221 606 1 208 229 98,9 1 166 894 1 171 912 100,4
  13 Manufacture of textiles 1 296 440 1 370 352 105,7 3 395 831 3 140 117 92,5
  14 Manufacture of wearing apparel 4 658 229 5 375 081 115,4 8 079 269 8 961 082 110,9
  15 Manufacture of leather and related products 3 082 250 3 225 274 104,6 4 241 976 4 506 907 106,2
  16 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 5 318 001 6 882 752 129,4 2 483 043 3 090 310 124,5
  17 Manufacture of paper and paper products 2 126 718 2 695 399 126,7 3 790 548 4 352 254 114,8
  18 Printing and reproduction of recorded media 16 751 17 399 103,9 13 983 18 426 131,8
  19 Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products 4 342 651 6 978 965 160,7 5 196 503 9 042 579 174,0
  20 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products 6 148 757 8 001 469 130,1 14 683 347 18 344 702 124,9
  21 Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations 8 016 273 7 645 172 95,4 12 679 314 12 187 637 96,1
  22 Manufacture of rubber and plastic products 3 684 170 4 678 641 127,0 7 501 213 9 414 881 125,5
  23 Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products 3 935 803 4 490 183 114,1 3 344 594 3 971 920 118,8
  24 Manufacture of basic metals 4 115 896 6 107 544 148,4 9 837 959 15 112 466 153,6
  25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 7 773 835 9 342 826 120,2 6 781 771 8 072 945 119,0
  26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products 3 854 896 4 318 839 112,0 10 969 269 12 328 392 112,4
  27 Manufacture of electrical equipment 8 384 056 10 931 759 130,4 9 140 572 11 729 507 128,3
  28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n. e. c. 6 846 833 8 025 002 117,2 14 265 415 15 639 997 109,6
  29 Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 5 016 962 4 786 337 95,4 10 906 504 13 376 462 122,6
  30 Manufacture of other transport equipment 2 893 353 4 110 841 142,1 3 804 759 2 688 596 70,7
  31 Manufacture of furniture 1 880 891 2 152 771 114,5 2 579 032 3 063 956 118,8
  32 Other manufacturing 1 212 822 1 561 116 128,7 4 028 502 4 704 307 116,8
D   Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1 449 404 3 257 426 224,7 2 904 347 5 517 466 190,0
E   Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 1 953 721 3 124 378 159,9 650 877 1 411 115 216,8
J   Information and communication 463 319 542 232 117,0 514 990 517 350 100,5
M   Professional, scientific and technical activities 487 147 30,2 986 560 56,8
R   Arts, entertainment and recreation 1 999 3 615 180,9 3 377 3 992 118,2
    Not classified 407 856 131 728 32,3 31 297 69 045 220,6

2 EXPORT AND IMPORT, ACCORDING TO SITC SECTIONS

Thousand kuna

       Export Import
I - XII 2020 I -XII 2021 Indices
I -XII 2021
I - XII 2020
I - XII 2020 I -XII 2021 Indices
I -XII 2021
I - XII 2020
  Total 112 130 754 138 282 665 123,3 172 433 263 213 642 625 123,9
0 Food and live animals 13 504 290 15 898 871 117,7 19 327 358 22 588 456 116,9
1 Beverages and tobacco 2 254 916 2 406 533 106,7 2 950 694 3 300 036 111,8
2 Crude materials, except fuels 8 337 054 10 953 794 131,4 3 251 357 4 575 228 140,7
3 Mineral fuels and lubricants 10 104 796 16 448 665 162,8 14 675 589 28 995 152 197,6
4 Animal and vegetable oils and fats 547 422 837 268 152,9 789 597 1 137 751 144,1
5 Chemical products 15 442 496 17 319 882 112,2 28 988 992 32 636 544 112,6
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material 18 830 372 23 917 159 127,0 30 831 641 38 744 039 125,7
7 Machinery and transport equipment 26 562 955 31 292 801 117,8 46 466 791 52 770 919 113,6
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 15 626 404 18 430 152 117,9 24 877 617 28 396 577 114,1
9 Commodities and transactions, n. e. s. 512 193 645 812 126,1 242 330 428 878 177,0
  Not classified 407 856 131 728 32,3 31 297 69 045 220,6

3 EXPORT AND IMPORT , ACCORDING TO ECONOMIC CLASSIFICATION OF COUNTRIES

Thousand kuna

    Export Import
I - XII 2020 I -XII 2021 Indices
I -XII 2021
I - XII 2020
I - XII 2020 I -XII 2021 Indices
I -XII 2021
I - XII 2020
Total 112 130 754 138 282 665 123,3 172 433 263 213 642 625 123,9
EU Member States1) 76 247 565 94 022 966 123,3 136 361 887 163 555 647 119,9
Austria 6 441 219 8 034 664 124,7 11 385 037 13 396 666 117,7
Belgium 2 013 912 1 913 767 95,0 5 405 485 4 316 233 79,8
Bulgaria 727 840 816 937 112,2 1 290 691 2 467 965 191,2
Cyprus 57 662 82 496 143,1 120 191 81 999 68,2
Czech Republic 1 869 612 2 116 875 113,2 4 470 577 4 864 776 108,8
Denmark 462 480 657 531 142,2 1 285 572 1 175 337 91,4
Estonia 70 897 104 033 146,7 62 833 59 114 94,1
Finland 201 720 288 125 142,8 276 202 304 521 110,3
France 3 396 495 3 696 854 108,8 4 520 341 5 287 380 117,0
Greece 549 292 721 864 131,4 1 765 122 2 304 576 130,6
Ireland 278 966 376 760 135,1 712 222 783 213 110,0
Italy 14 028 190 18 100 338 129,0 21 250 519 26 952 495 126,8
Latvia 100 567 258 338 256,9 120 981 114 004 94,2
Lithuania 387 234 435 613 112,5 301 261 402 949 133,8
Luxembourg 980 444 90 926 9,3 116 290 100 430 86,4
Hungary 7 998 926 11 418 600 142,8 13 314 283 15 825 405 118,9
Malta 281 373 319 270 113,5 52 000 215 819 415,0
Netherlands 1 676 140 2 400 321 143,2 6 740 278 8 224 824 122,0
Germany 14 370 161 17 043 183 118,6 26 353 486 31 614 499 120,0
Poland 2 114 684 2 875 152 136,0 6 944 341 8 698 456 125,3
Portugal 342 988 448 377 130,7 236 715 293 656 124,1
Romania 2 199 663 2 459 105 111,8 1 926 149 2 255 582 117,1
Northern Ireland - 10 808 - - 56 899 -
Slovakia 1 067 116 1 327 072 124,4 3 586 137 4 644 049 129,5
Slovenia 11 624 507 14 864 621 127,9 19 538 207 23 410 422 119,8
Spain 1 910 872 2 092 957 109,5 3 514 569 4 366 487 124,2
Sweden 1 075 732 1 038 856 96,6 1 071 832 1 329 251 124,0
Not classified 18 875 29 523 156,4 567 8 641 2)
EFTA countries 2 101 067 2 519 983 119,9 1 447 366 1 559 970 107,8
Iceland 15 870 15 681 98,8 293 270 92,1
Liechtenstein 22 788 144 328 633,3 114 427 374,5
Norway 391 384 532 722 136,1 113 230 158 616 140,1
Switzerland 1 671 024 1 827 250 109,3 1 333 729 1 400 658 105,0
CEFTA countries 18 511 912 23 391 242 126,4 10 258 181 14 387 213 140,3
Albania 579 239 649 994 112,2 84 224 146 955 174,5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9 599 993 12 241 202 127,5 5 039 425 7 336 367 145,6
Montenegro 1 285 963 1 748 171 135,9 31 619 41 209 130,3
Kosovo 751 228 849 033 113,0 29 468 49 126 166,7
Moldova 9 835 17 608 179,0 23 171 23 846 102,9
North Macedonia 1 039 893 1 091 556 105,0 624 321 763 922 122,4
Serbia 5 245 760 6 793 679 129,5 4 425 954 6 025 788 136,1
OPEC countries 1 224 553 1 064 453 86,9 329 191 1 591 225 483,4
Algeria 198 703 45 181 22,7 84 444 154 195 182,6
Angola 517 3 079 595,6 - 1 -
Equatorial Guinea 2 191 1 065 48,6 - 57 196 -
Gabon 2 106 6 028 286,2 90 668 738,1
Iraq 50 344 24 994 49,6 48 11 23,0
Iran, Islamic Republic of 35 476 26 658 75,1 15 529 34 844 224,4
Congo 1 156 5 100 441,0 28 - -
Kuwait 37 909 55 258 145,8 314 12 3,8
Libya 36 350 72 016 198,1 1 510 147 981 2)
Nigeria 38 133 16 181 42,4 136 839 940 445 687,3
Saudi Arabia 327 201 369 792 113,0 74 263 48 829 65,8
United Arab Emirates 494 416 437 956 88,6 13 208 203 099 2)
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of 50 1 146 2) 2 917 3 945 135,2
Other countries in Europe 5 578 280 6 126 416 109,8 6 841 765 8 233 047 120,3
Belarus 243 222 122 754 50,5 39 172 87 730 224,0
Russian Federation 1 327 845 1 536 920 115,7 1 749 417 3 480 569 199,0
Turkey 1 377 930 2 010 162 145,9 2 733 724 3 333 467 121,9
United Kingdom3) 1 945 186 1 587 102 81,6 2 036 138 997 484 49,0
Ukraine 439 267 435 565 99,2 280 861 330 800 117,8
Other countries 244 830 433 913 177,2 2 454 2 996 122,1
Other countries in Asia 2 840 794 3 049 784 107,4 14 326 844 16 314 279 113,9
Azerbaijan 10 853 37 560 346,1 3 311 434 4 750 698 143,5
Bangladesh 7 276 16 977 233,3 99 300 96 095 96,8
Philippines 64 304 20 230 31,5 10 261 14 311 139,5
Hong Kong, China 135 107 179 776 133,1 12 135 33 978 280,0
India 132 437 205 999 155,5 848 463 797 354 94,0
Indonesia 38 618 62 888 162,8 189 441 229 720 121,3
Israel 275 325 260 658 94,7 172 269 132 389 76,9
Japan 309 839 287 927 92,9 232 810 255 618 109,8
Qatar 308 809 149 451 48,4 2 006 469 995 2)
Kazakhstan 140 260 140 256 100,0 79 573 300 008 377,0
China 642 089 667 473 104,0 7 985 963 7 678 071 96,1
Korea, Republic of 60 055 87 865 146,3 420 229 502 842 119,7
Lebanon 87 408 56 787 65,0 1 080 111 10,3
Malaysia 33 201 152 088 458,1 99 917 133 927 134,0
Pakistan 68 943 39 726 57,6 79 246 76 252 96,2
Singapore 57 083 36 929 64,7 74 768 104 704 140,0
Thailand 16 327 28 873 176,8 145 760 154 525 106,0
Taiwan, China 41 553 86 459 208,1 221 943 225 648 101,7
Viet Nam 165 273 188 917 114,3 220 774 210 583 95,4
Other countries 246 034 342 946 139,4 119 472 147 449 123,4
Other countries in Africa 1 032 881 1 149 615 111,3 620 525 1 336 340 215,4
Egypt 547 417 629 775 115,0 147 529 1 068 484 724,3
Ethiopia 52 955 36 195 68,4 57 247 43 197 75,5
South Africa 45 796 121 555 265,4 33 943 58 478 172,3
Morocco 160 079 164 625 102,8 131 542 74 868 56,9
Tunisia 36 684 26 655 72,7 203 152 35 089 17,3
Other countries 189 950 170 810 89,9 47 111 56 224 119,3
Other countries in America 4 353 449 5 245 869 120,5 1 943 470 5 568 178 286,5
Argentina 6 092 18 587 305,1 60 698 63 343 104,4
Brazil 74 720 114 138 152,8 131 323 115 568 88,0
Canada 638 363 423 063 66,3 125 066 119 323 95,4
Mexico 53 770 64 965 120,8 112 021 150 803 134,6
United States 3 434 790 4 501 629 131,1 1 319 707 4 348 159 329,5
Other countries 145 713 123 486 84,7 194 655 770 982 396,1
Countries of Oceania 158 519 1 620 519 2) 62 682 288 539 460,3
Australia 142 827 142 042 99,4 43 719 282 632 646,5
New Zealand 14 187 13 604 95,9 15 263 5 857 38,4
Other countries 1 505 1 464 873 2) 3 700 50 1,4
Not classified 81 733 91 819 112,3 241 352 808 187 334,9

1) Since 1 January 2021, the United Kingdom has withdrawn from the European Union. The Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland ensures that Northern Ireland remains the constitutional part of the customs territory of the United Kingdom. Therefore, the data for Northern Ireland are included in the data on trade in goods with EU Member States.
2) The index exceeds 999.
3) As of 1 January 2021, the data for the United Kingdom do not include the data for Northern Ireland.

II FOREIGN TRADE IN GOODS OF THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA, EURO

1 AVERAGE EXCHANGE RATE OF EURO IN THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA

      Export Import
I – XII 2020 I – XII 2021 Indices
I – XII 2021
I – XII 2020
I – XII 2020 I – XII 2021 Indices
I – XII 2021
I – XII 2020
Average exchange rate for 1 euro in kuna 7,5257 7,5238 100,0 7,5240 7,5237 100,0

2 EXPORT AND IMPORT, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007.

Thousand euros

         Export  Import
I - XII 2020 I -XII 2021 Indices
I -XII 2021
I - XII 2020
I - XII 2020 I -XII 2021 Indices
I -XII 2021
I - XII 2020
    Total 14 899 762 18 379 307 123,4 22 917 867 28 395 776 123,9
A   Agriculture, forestry and fishing 892 551 1 085 733 121,6 668 986 774 421 115,8
  Mining and quarrying 640 154 896 167 140,0 838 986 1 851 477 220,7
  Manufacturing 12 798 696 15 458 665 120,8 20 864 208 24 769 751 118,7
  10 Manufacture of food products 1 247 734 1 469 158 117,7 2 173 761 2 579 844 118,7
  11 Manufacture of beverages 146 457 179 729 122,7 231 160 272 125 117,7
  12 Manufacture of tobacco products 162 305 160 556 98,9 155 008 155 777 100,5
  13 Manufacture of textiles 172 198 182 102 105,8 451 212 417 236 92,5
  14 Manufacture of wearing apparel 618 795 714 493 115,5 1 073 948 1 191 122 110,9
  15 Manufacture of leather and related products 409 795 428 519 104,6 564 246 598 803 106,1
  16 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 706 706 914 742 129,4 330 017 410 752 124,5
  17 Manufacture of paper and paper products 282 560 358 287 126,8 503 674 578 480 114,9
  18 Printing and reproduction of recorded media 2 225 2 312 103,9 1 858 2 449 131,8
  19 Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products 577 050 928 458 160,9 692 080 1 202 534 173,8
  20 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products 817 274 1 063 698 130,2 1 951 389 2 437 837 124,9
  21 Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations 1 064 057 1 015 518 95,4 1 685 194 1 619 240 96,1
  22 Manufacture of rubber and plastic products 489 506 621 809 127,0 996 914 1 251 142 125,5
  23 Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products 522 965 596 786 114,1 444 555 527 812 118,7
  24 Manufacture of basic metals 546 838 811 904 148,5 1 307 326 2 008 911 153,7
  25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 1 032 572 1 241 817 120,3 901 405 1 072 766 119,0
  26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products 512 176 574 072 112,1 1 457 382 1 638 497 112,4
  27 Manufacture of electrical equipment 1 113 981 1 452 977 130,4 1 214 475 1 559 048 128,4
  28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n. e. c. 909 590 1 066 598 117,3 1 895 380 2 078 542 109,7
  29 Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 666 906 635 833 95,3 1 450 548 1 776 911 122,5
  30 Manufacture of other transport equipment 385 813 545 758 141,5 504 390 357 539 70,9
  31 Manufacture of furniture 250 026 286 055 114,4 342 847 407 131 118,8
  32 Other manufacturing 161 169 207 484 128,7 535 440 625 252 116,8
D   Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 192 794 433 455 224,8 386 156 734 088 190,1
E   Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 259 531 415 168 160,0 86 366 187 451 217,0
J   Information and communication 61 555 72 076 117,1 68 428 68 776 100,5
M   Professional, scientific and technical activities 65 20 30,1 131 74 56,7
R   Arts, entertainment and recreation 266 481 180,6 449 530 118,1
    Not classified 54 150 17 544 32,4 4 156 9 207 221,5

3 EXPORT AND IMPORT, ACCORDING TO SITC SECTIONS

Thousand euros

           Export Import
I - XII 2020 I -XII 2021 Indices
I -XII 2021
I - XII 2020
I - XII 2020 I -XII 2021 Indices
I -XII 2021
I - XII 2020
  Total 14 899 762 18 379 307 123,4 22 917 867 28 395 776 123,9
0 Food and live animals 1 794 397 2 113 423 117,8 2 568 806 3 002 434 116,9
1 Beverages and tobacco 299 592 319 854 106,8 392 002 438 693 111,9
2 Crude materials, except fuels 1 107 680 1 455 998 131,4 432 030 607 911 140,7
3 Mineral fuels and lubricants 1 343 119 2 187 103 162,8 1 952 514 3 856 274 197,5
4 Animal and vegetable oils and fats 72 731 111 296 153,0 104 930 151 297 144,2
5 Chemical products 2 051 063 2 301 576 112,2 3 852 740 4 336 870 112,6
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material 2 502 124 3 178 866 127,0 4 097 539 5 149 241 125,7
7 Machinery and transport equipment 3 530 993 4 158 323 117,8 6 174 094 7 012 810 113,6
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 2 075 886 2 449 506 118,0 3 306 891 3 774 004 114,1
9 Commodities and transactions, n. e. s. 68 028 85 818 126,2 32 165 57 034 177,3
  Not classified 54 150 17 544 32,4 4 156 9 207 221,5

4 EXPORT AND IMPORT, ACCORDING TO ECONOMIC CLASSIFICATION OF COUNTRIES

Thousand euros

    Export Import
I - XII 2020 I -XII 2021 Indices
I -XII 2021
I - XII 2020
I - XII 2020 I -XII 2021 Indices
I -XII 2021
I - XII 2020
Total 14 899 762 18 379 307 123,4 22 917 867 28 395 776 123,9
EU Member States1) 10 130 295 12 495 591 123,3 18 122 683 21 735 637 119,9
Austria 855 739 1 067 868 124,8 1 513 191 1 780 197 117,6
Belgium 267 515 254 298 95,1 718 249 573 511 79,8
Bulgaria 96 696 108 539 112,2 171 398 327 979 191,4
Cyprus 7 651 10 945 143,1 15 980 10 896 68,2
Czech Republic 248 393 281 356 113,3 594 133 646 311 108,8
Denmark 61 432 87 367 142,2 170 665 156 185 91,5
Estonia 9 437 13 827 146,5 8 334 7 855 94,3
Finland 26 759 38 303 143,1 36 676 40 470 110,3
France 451 105 491 224 108,9 601 018 702 539 116,9
Greece 72 872 95 888 131,6 234 389 306 361 130,7
Ireland 36 987 50 095 135,4 94 545 104 064 110,1
Italy 1 863 211 2 405 723 129,1 2 824 342 3 582 250 126,8
Latvia 13 355 34 317 257,0 16 041 15 148 94,4
Lithuania 51 413 57 883 112,6 40 041 53 566 133,8
Luxembourg 131 466 12 078 9,2 15 424 13 341 86,5
Hungary 1 063 069 1 517 349 142,7 1 769 671 2 103 050 118,8
Malta 37 346 42 363 113,4 6 907 28 720 415,8
Netherlands 222 542 319 109 143,4 895 943 1 093 051 122,0
Germany 1 909 038 2 265 025 118,6 3 502 343 4 201 334 120,0
Poland 280 932 382 173 136,0 922 681 1 155 996 125,3
Portugal 45 556 59 591 130,8 31 431 39 026 124,2
Romania 292 385 326 738 111,7 256 058 299 822 117,1
Northern Ireland - 1 435 - - 7 561 -
Slovakia 141 809 176 391 124,4 476 666 617 128 129,5
Slovenia 1 544 584 1 975 671 127,9 2 596 857 3 111 165 119,8
Spain 253 692 278 092 109,6 467 192 580 318 124,2
Sweden 142 802 138 016 96,6 142 432 176 651 124,0
Not classified 2 507 3 929 156,7 75 1 145 2)
EFTA countries 279 186 334 901 120,0 192 491 207 432 107,8
Iceland 2 106 2 087 99,1 39 36 91,6
Liechtenstein 3 019 19 184 635,4 15 57 373,6
Norway 52 002 70 780 136,1 15 058 21 120 140,3
Switzerland 222 058 242 850 109,4 177 378 186 219 105,0
CEFTA countries 2 461 002 3 110 814 126,4 1 363 753 1 912 981 140,3
Albania 76 968 86 442 112,3 11 186 19 536 174,7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 276 429 1 628 069 127,5 669 954 975 330 145,6
Montenegro 170 952 232 499 136,0 4 210 5 479 130,1
Kosovo 99 934 112 883 113,0 3 920 6 534 166,7
Moldova 1 305 2 343 179,6 3 080 3 176 103,1
North Macedonia 138 195 145 127 105,0 82 984 101 585 122,4
Serbia 697 220 903 451 129,6 588 419 801 341 136,2
OPEC countries 162 680 141 450 86,9 43 978 211 786 481,6
Algeria 26 328 6 011 22,8 11 236 20 499 182,4
Angola 69 410 596,2 - 0 -
Equatorial Guinea 291 141 48,6 - 7 636 -
Gabon 280 801 286,2 12 89 739,0
Iraq 6 728 3 323 49,4 6 1 23,1
Iran, Islamic Republic of 4 708 3 538 75,1 2 066 4 634 224,3
Congo 153 678 442,4 4 - -
Kuwait 5 049 7 351 145,6 42 2 3,8
Libya 4 847 9 566 197,4 201 19 693 2)
Nigeria 5 050 2 152 42,6 18 383 125 117 680,6
Saudi Arabia 43 415 49 124 113,1 9 882 6 498 65,8
United Arab Emirates 65 756 58 201 88,5 1 759 27 093 2)
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of 7 153 2) 387 524 135,4
Other countries in Europe 741 088 814 344 109,9 909 806 1 094 758 120,3
Belarus 32 352 16 318 50,4 5 204 11 663 224,1
Russian Federation 176 277 204 341 115,9 232 613 462 848 199,0
Turkey 183 171 267 063 145,8 363 787 443 147 121,8
United Kingdom3) 258 425 211 009 81,7 270 533 132 717 49,1
Ukraine 58 401 57 879 99,1 37 343 43 984 117,8
Other countries 32 462 57 734 177,9 326 398 122,1
Other countries in Asia 377 758 405 314 107,3 1 903 816 2 168 501 113,9
Azerbaijan 1 444 5 003 346,6 440 571 631 028 143,2
Bangladesh 966 2 259 234,0 13 205 12 780 96,8
Philippines 8 545 2 681 31,4 1 366 1 904 139,4
Hong Kong, China 17 921 23 842 133,0 1 612 4 525 280,7
India 17 624 27 352 155,2 113 088 105 929 93,7
Indonesia 5 128 8 357 163,0 25 165 30 557 121,4
Israel 36 554 34 652 94,8 22 883 17 593 76,9
Japan 41 555 38 181 91,9 30 952 33 955 109,7
Qatar 40 956 19 874 48,5 267 62 709 2)
Kazakhstan 18 643 18 661 100,1 10 555 39 849 377,6
China 85 337 88 729 104,0 1 060 189 1 020 869 96,3
Korea, Republic of 7 995 11 676 146,0 55 884 66 849 119,6
Lebanon 11 633 7 554 64,9 143 15 10,3
Malaysia 4 410 20 251 459,2 13 271 17 792 134,1
Pakistan 9 146 5 278 57,7 10 541 10 134 96,1
Singapore 7 571 4 910 64,9 9 959 13 929 139,9
Thailand 2 168 3 843 177,2 19 353 20 529 106,1
Taiwan, China 5 505 11 476 208,5 29 517 29 985 101,6
Viet Nam 21 968 25 111 114,3 29 402 27 958 95,1
Other countries 32 690 45 624 139,6 15 896 19 614 123,4
Other countries in Africa 137 385 152 792 111,2 82 482 177 737 215,5
Egypt 72 823 83 732 115,0 19 625 142 148 724,3
Ethiopia 7 035 4 805 68,3 7 608 5 735 75,4
South Africa 6 082 16 136 265,3 4 507 7 774 172,5
Morocco 21 311 21 871 102,6 17 469 9 946 56,9
Tunisia 4 866 3 539 72,7 27 008 4 667 17,3
Other countries 25 269 22 708 89,9 6 266 7 467 119,2
Other countries in America 578 375 697 063 120,5 258 504 741 051 286,7
Argentina 808 2 475 306,1 8 079 8 424 104,3
Brazil 9 902 15 184 153,3 17 471 15 376 88,0
Canada 84 806 56 256 66,3 16 634 15 861 95,4
Mexico 7 161 8 634 120,6 14 859 20 051 134,9
United States 456 341 598 098 131,1 175 570 578 589 329,5
Other countries 19 357 16 416 84,8 25 891 102 751 396,9
Countries of Oceania 21 058 214 810 2) 8 305 38 212 460,1
Australia 18 975 18 875 99,5 5 789 37 427 646,6
New Zealand 1 882 1 808 96,1 2 022 778 38,5
Other countries 201 194 128 2) 494 7 1,3
Not classified 10 934 12 227 111,8 32 050 107 679 336,0

1) Since 1 January 2021, the United Kingdom has withdrawn from the European Union. The Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland ensures that Northern Ireland remains the constitutional part of the customs territory of the United Kingdom. Therefore, the data for Northern Ireland are included in the data on trade in goods with EU Member States.
2) The index exceeds 999.
3) As of 1 January 2021, the data for the United Kingdom do not include the data for Northern Ireland.

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

Subsequent detailed analysis and checks showed that, during 2021, certain reporting units submitted incorrect values of realised export and import. Therefore, the final data for 2021, published in the First Release VT-2022-1-2 of 27 May 2022 have been revised.

Sources and methods of data collection

The data source for statistics on trading in goods with EU Member States is the Intrastat form used by the reporting units to report on arrivals and/or dispatches on a monthly basis, that is, for each month in which goods physically enter or leave the territory of the Republic of Croatia. The reporting units are all business entities, value added tax payers whose value of trading in goods with EU Member States exceeds the exemption threshold determined for the reference year. For 2021, an exemption threshold of 2.5 million kuna for arrivals and of 1.3 million kuna for dispatches has been determined. In order to achieve complete harmonisation with EU methodology and legislation, data on foreign trade in goods have been supplemented with trade value below the exemption threshold after being estimated on the basis of data on supplies and acquisitions of goods in/from EU Member States provided by the Tax Administration Office of the Republic of Croatia.

The data source for statistics on trading in goods with third countries, that is, non-EU countries, are Single Administrative Documents on export and import of goods. The Croatian Bureau of Statistics receives the reviewed Single Administrative Documents from the Customs Administration of the Republic of Croatia in the form of data records.

Following basic methodological recommendations of the UN Statistical Office and Eurostat, the Croatian Bureau of Statistics statistically processes and disseminates collected Intrastat and Extrastat data as unique information on foreign trade in goods of the Republic of Croatia

Legal basis

The legal basis for the conduct of the Intrastat survey is the European legislation related to statistics on trading in goods between EU Member States, the Regulation (EU) No. 2019/2152 as well as the Commission Implementing Regulation No. 2020/1197, the Official Statistics Act (NN, No. 25/20), the Annual Implementation Plan of Statistical Activities of the Republic of Croatia 2021 (NN, No. 42/22) and the Customs Administration Act (NN, Nos 68/13, 30/14, 115/16, 39/19 and 98/19). More detailed notes on methodology for this survey are published on the website of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics Državni zavod za statistiku - Intrastat (gov.hr)

The legal basis for Extrastat is the European legislation related to statistics on trading in goods with third countries, the Regulation (EU) No. 2019/2152 as well as the Commission Implementing Regulation No. 2020/1197 and No. 2021/1225 and the Delegated Regulation (EU) No. 2021/1704, the EU Customs Legislations Implementation Act (NN, No. 40/16), the Official Statistics Act (NN, No. 25/20), the Annual Implementation Plan of Statistical Activities of the Republic of Croatia 2021 (NN, No. 42/22), the Customs Administration Act (NN, Nos 68/13, 30/14, 115/16, 39/19 and 98/19) and the Ordinance on Filling in the Single Administrative Document (NN, Nos 65/19 and 136/20).

Coverage and comparability

Statistics on foreign trade in goods include all goods exported from or imported into the country. Data on foreign trade in goods include both export and import based on gross inward and outward processing.

Statistical value of goods is the value of goods at the Croatian border. Values for export, i. e. dispatches, are shown as an FOB-type value, while values for import, i. e. arrivals, are shown as a CIF-type value.

Amounts expressed in foreign currencies are converted into kuna, euros and American dollars according to the monthly exchange rate lists determined for the reporting month. The mean exchange rate of the Croatian National Bank is used.

In certain tables, the sum total may not equal the sum of individual figures due to the rounding to thousands.

Data by type of activities have been presented according to the NKD 2007. (NN, Nos 58/07 and 72/07), which entered into force on 1 January 2008 and is based on the European classification NACE, Rev. 2, which is obligatory in EU Member States. Data are presented using a production approach by which export and import data are reported according to the manufacturing activity from which the product originates.

Goods listed under export and import are classified, for statistical needs, according to the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC, Rev. 4).

Data on export are shown by countries of destination, while two methodological criterions has been applied, by which data on import are shown by countries. In Extrastat, data on import are shown by countries of origin of goods, while, in Intrastat, data on arrivals of goods are presented by countries of dispatch.

As of 1 January 2021, Intrastat reporting has been changed. The Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland, which entered into force on 1 January 2021, allowed Northern Ireland to remain an integral part of the customs territory of the United Kingdom, but at the same time to have certain benefits from the single market of the European Union.

The Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland for PSIs in the Republic of Croatia (for the reporting period from January 2021 onwards) means that the dispatch and arrival of goods to and from Northern Ireland must still be reported in Intrastat forms, and data are included in data on trade in goods with EU Member States. As of 1 January 2021, trade in goods with the United Kingdom is included under Other countries in Europe, and exclude the data for Northern Ireland.

OPEC membership is subject to frequent changes. More detailed information about Member Countries are published on the website https://www.opec.org/.

Only Single Administrative Documents containing the date of acceptance in a customs office in a particular month are processed for that month as well as Intrastat forms submitted for the reporting month. Already issued data for previous months are changed during the current year in order to classify subsequently received and/or corrected Intrastat forms and Single Administrative Documents for earlier periods.

Monthly data are revised until final data processing for the current year is done (the middle of the next year). Monthly data are considered provisional until the final processing of the current year and dissemination of final data is done. 

Data on foreign trade in goods are available in the time series published on the website of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics under Statistics in Line; Economy – Basic Indicators (data from 2000) and Foreign Trade in Goods (data from 2010).

Abbreviations

CEFTA Central European Free Trade Agreement
CIF cost, insurance and freight
EC European Community
EFTA European Free Trade Association
EU European Union
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
FOB free on board
NACE Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community
n.e.c. not elsewhere classified
n.e.s. not elsewhere specified
NKD 2007. National Classification of Activities, 2007 version
NN Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
SITC Standard International Trade Classification
UN United Nations
US $ American dollar
   
Symbols  
   
- no occurence
0 Value not zero but less than 0.5 of the unit of measure used

 

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