First Release

Year: LIX.
Zagreb, 08 August 2022
POSL-2022-1-1/2

ISSN 1334-0557

NUMBER AND STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, JUNE 2022

The comparison of the number of legal entities in the Register of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics with the number of active legal entities in other registers shows that the share of active legal entities was 56.0%.

This discrepancy occurs due to differences in the methodology of data entry method and of defining activities applied in individual registers.

The data on the number of entities in crafts and trades and free lances refer to the number of self-employed entrepreneurs, with or without employees, as well as to the number of persons engaged in a professional activity according to pension insurance records.

1 BUSINESS ENTITIES, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2022

   Number of registered legal entities Number of active entities Share of active legal entities, %
Total 316 052 176 882 56,0
Trade companies 238 572 141 743 59,4
Co-operatives 3 556 817 23,0
Institutions, bodies, associations and organisations 73 924 34 322 46,4
Entities in crafts and trades and free lances - 93 393 -

2 STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, BY ACTIVITY AND ACCORDING TO NKD-a 2007. SECTIONS,
SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2022

   Number of legal entities Active legal entities Crafts and trades and free lances
Registered Structure of registered legal entities, % Active Structure of active legal entities, % Profit Non-profit
  Total   316 052 100,0 176 882 100,0 142 560 34 322 93 393
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing   5 905 1,9 3 086 1,7 3 084 2 2 676
Mining and quarrying   347 0,1 190 0,1 190 - 41
Manufacturing   24 694 7,8 15 722 8,9 15 719 3 8 171
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply   1 655 0,5 827 0,5 827 - 16
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities  1 385 0,4 913 0,5 911 2 94
F Construction   32 304 10,2 19 501 11,0 19 500 1 10 094
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   55 756 17,6 28 050 15,9 27 852 198 9 357
H Transportation and storage   11 755 3,7 6 978 3,9 6 944 34 6 172
I Accommodation and food service activities   25 732 8,1 13 708 7,7 13 658 50 8 124
J Information and communication   11 763 3,7 8 169 4,6 8 141 28 3 477
K Financial and insurance activities   1 841 0,6 995 0,6 974 21 538
L Real estate activities   10 918 3,5 6 108 3,5 6 108 - 549
M Professional, scientific and technical activities   32 378 10,2 22 268 12,6 22 110 158 13 870
N Administrative and support service activities   12 479 3,9 7 558 4,3 7 555 3 4 043
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security    3 069 1,0 912 0,5 17 895 6 246
P Education 4 520 1,4 3 687 2,1 1 136 2 551 991
Q Human health and social work activities 5 318 1,7 3 493 2,0 1 066 2 427 5 046
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 23 222 7,3 11 750 6,6 1 940 9 810 3 106
S Other service activities 50 955 16,1 22 966 13,0 4 827 18 139 10 685
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use 2 0,0 1 0,0 1 - 50
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 54 0,0 - - - - -
  Unknown - - - - - - 47

The data on the structure of business entities by economic activities show that more than a half of both registered and active entities belong to the following four activity sections: Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles with 17.6% of registered and 15.9% of active entities, Manufacturing with 7.8% of registered and 8.9% of active entities, Professional, scientific and technical activities with 10.2% of registered and 12.6% of active entities and Other service activities with 16.1% of registered and 13.0% of active entities.

The share of profit entities in the total active business entities was 80.6% and their structure by economic activities shows that 69.2% of them belonged to five activity sections, shown in the following order of frequency: Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (19.5%), Professional, scientific and technical activities (15.5%), Manufacturing (11.0%), Construction (13.7%) and Accommodation and food service activities (9.5%).

The share of non-profit active entities was 19.4%. Half of them were classified into the activity section Other service activities. The remaining half was distributed between Arts, entertainment and recreation (28.6%), Education (7.4%), Human health and social work activities (7.1%) and Public administration and defence; compulsory social security (2.6%).

The structure of entities in crafts and trades and free lances by economic activities was much more balanced than the structure of legal entities. Professional, scientific and technical activities was the most present activity section. Besides this activity section, five other activities covered one half of the total number of entities.

 

NKD 2007. activity sections

A Agriculture, forestry and fishing
B Mining and quarrying
C Manufacturing
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
F Construction
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
H Transportation and storage
I Accommodation and food service activities
J Information and communication
K Financial and insurance activities
L Real estate activities
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
N Administrative and support service activities
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
P Education
Q Human health and social work activities
R Arts, entertainment and recreation
S Other service activities
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services – producing activities of households for own use
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies

 

3 STRUCTURE OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, BY OWNERSHIP TYPES AND NKD 2007. SECTIONS,
SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2022

   Total Ownership types
State owership Private ownership Co-operative ownership Mixed owership No owership
Number of legal entities Share in total, % Number of legal entities Share in total, % Number of legal entities Share in total, % Number of legal entities Share in total, % Number of legal entities Share in total, %
  Total 176 882 1 380 0,8 140 435 79,4 820 0,5 725 0,4 33 522 19,0
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing   3 086 14 0,5 2 689 87,1 352 11,4 29 0,9 2 0,1
B Mining and quarrying   190 5 2,6 175 92,1 2 1,1 8 4,2 - -
C Manufacturing   15 722 61 0,4 15 346 97,6 135 0,9 178 1,1 2 0,0
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply   827 35 4,2 779 94,2 4 0,5 9 1,1 - -
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities  913 320 35,0 584 64,0 1 0,1 7 0,8 1 0,1
F Construction   19 501 74 0,4 19 307 99,0 72 0,4 47 0,2 1 0,0
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   28 050 40 0,1 27 639 98,5 86 0,3 126 0,4 159 0,6
H Transportation and storage   6 978 61 0,9 6 841 98,0 10 0,1 36 0,5 30 0,4
I Accommodation and food service activities   13 708 40 0,3 13 509 98,5 45 0,3 67 0,5 47 0,3
J Information and communication   8 169 40 0,5 8 055 98,6 6 0,1 43 0,5 25 0,3
K Financial and insurance activities   995 18 1,8 939 94,4 9 0,9 10 1,0 19 1,9
L Real estate activities   6 108 37 0,6 6 048 99,0 2 0,0 21 0,3 - -
M Professional, scientific and technical activities   22 268 182 0,8 21 843 98,1 34 0,2 100 0,4 109 0,5
N Administrative and support service activities   7 558 72 1,0 7 451 98,6 19 0,3 14 0,2 2 0,0
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security    912 34 3,7 4 0,4 1 0,1 1 0,1 872 95,6
P Education 3 687 172 4,7 1 300 35,3 - - 4 0,1 2 211 60,0
Q Human health and social work activities 3 493 51 1,5 1 261 36,1 17 0,5 3 0,1 2 161 61,9
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 11 750 89 0,8 1 896 16,1 15 0,1 8 0,1 9 742 82,9
S Other service activities 22 966 35 0,2 4 768 20,8 10 0,0 14 0,1 18 139 79,0
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use 1 - - 1 100,0 - - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - - - - - - -

The structure of active legal entities by ownership types shows that the private ownership predominated with 79.4% of entities, while 0.8% of entities were owned by the state, 0.4% of them were in mixed ownership and 0.5% of entities were in co-operative ownership. The ownership of 19.0% of legal entities was not monitored.

The ownership structure by activities shows that privately owned entities were predominant in service activities, e.g. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles had a share of 98.5%, Real estate activities of 99.0% and Transportation and storage of 98.0%. Approximately the same share of private ownership existed in the productive activities such as Construction (99.0%), Manufacturing (97.6%) and Information and communication (98.6%).

4 NUMBER OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY NUMBER OF PERSONS IN EMPLOYMENT, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2022

     Total Number of persons in employment
0 1 ‒ 9 10 ‒ 49 50 ‒ 249 250 ‒ 499 500 and more
  Total 176 882 70 962 88 189 13 673 3 467 319 272
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing   3 086 1 222 1 557 251 45 4 7
B Mining and quarrying   190 38 101 39 10 - 2
C Manufacturing   15 722 3 882 8 634 2 385 667 92 62
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply   827 497 258 54 12 3 3
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities  913 196 321 274 106 14 2
F Construction   19 501 6 670 10 649 1 894 265 16 7
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   28 050 8 053 17 453 2 142 311 45 46
H Transportation and storage   6 978 2 082 4 194 559 109 19 15
I Accommodation and food service activities   13 708 4 411 8 087 1 086 106 6 12
J Information and communication   8 169 3 009 4 452 595 92 15 6
K Financial and insurance activities   995 251 612 76 27 10 19
L Real estate activities   6 108 4 080 1 896 123 7 1 1
M Professional, scientific and technical activities   22 268 6 556 14 541 1 048 116 3 4
N Administrative and support service activities   7 558 3 160 3 839 439 99 9 12
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security    912 18 223 448 172 29 22
P Education 3 687 508 1 175 975 1 005 18 6
Q Human health and social work activities 3 493 1 199 1 339 668 224 25 38
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 11 750 8 480 2 891 304 59 9 7
S Other service activities 22 966 16 649 5 967 313 35 1 1
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use 1 1 - - - - -
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - - -

Observation of the structure of active legal entities according to the number of persons in paid employment shows that the highest share of 49.9% belonged to entities employing 1 – 9 persons, followed by 40.1% of entities without persons in employment, 7.7% of entities employing 10 – 49 persons and 2.0% of entities employing 50 – 249 persons, while entities employing more than 250 persons had a share of only 0.4%.

5 TRADE COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2022

   Legal organisational forms
Total Joint stock companies Limited liability companies
Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active
  Total 238 572 141 743 1 191 716 171 014 103 401
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing   4 665 2 732 37 19 3 452 2 105
B Mining and quarrying   339 188 14 8 297 172
C Manufacturing   24 280 15 584 357 192 18 406 11 942
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply   1 647 824 9 6 1 398 734
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities  1 372 910 8 4 1 092 764
F Construction   31 483 19 429 125 71 21 826 12 949
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   55 186 27 767 163 80 43 123 21 888
H Transportation and storage   11 660 6 934 63 38 6 681 4 305
I Accommodation and food service activities   25 537 13 613 125 88 13 486 7 727
J Information and communication   11 679 8 135 37 27 9 064 6 564
K Financial and insurance activities   1 457 964 85 74 1 243 812
L Real estate activities   10 909 6 106 32 26 9 593 5 433
M Professional, scientific and technical activities   32 074 22 077 110 71 24 868 17 456
N Administrative and support service activities   12 380 7 536 10 6 8 621 5 517
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security    32 16 - - 19 11
P Education 1 618 1 136 2 1 1 080 774
Q Human health and social work activities 1 458 1 049 - - 1 132 859
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 3 058 1 925 10 4 1 858 1 160
S Other service activities 7 736 4 817 4 1 3 774 2 228
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use 2 1 - - 1 1
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - -

5 TRADE COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2022

(continued)

   Legal organisational forms
Simple limited liability companies Public trade companies Main subsidiaries of foreign trade companies or individual traders Other legal forms
Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active
  Total 64 643 36 811 364 181 1 091 496 269 138
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing   1 167 602 1 1 4 2 4 3
B Mining and quarrying   25 6 - - 3 2 - -
C Manufacturing   5 376 3 399 3 1 129 48 9 2
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply   234 81 - - 5 2 1 1
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities  262 141 - - 9 1 1 -
F Construction   9 193 6 276 45 8 284 123 10 2
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   11 616 5 675 11 2 255 115 18 7
H Transportation and storage   4 864 2 565 6 3 45 22 1 1
I Accommodation and food service activities   11 889 5 781 2 - 31 15 4 2
J Information and communication   2 521 1 513 6 4 47 25 4 2
K Financial and insurance activities   77 34 - - 17 11 35 33
L Real estate activities   1 225 615 6 2 42 22 11 8
M Professional, scientific and technical activities   6 621 4 292 273 153 177 92 25 13
N Administrative and support service activities   3 693 1 989 4 3 33 12 19 9
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security    2 1 - - - - 11 4
P Education 530 358 1 - 4 2 1 1
Q Human health and social work activities 324 189 1 1 1 - - -
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 1 174 745 1 1 1 1 14 14
S Other service activities 3 849 2 549 4 2 4 1 101 36
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use 1 - - - - - - -
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - - - -

Limited liability companies were markedly predominant in the structure of trade companies by legal organisational forms, with a share of 71.7% of registered and 72.9% of active ones. Simple limited liability companies held the second place by their number, with a share of 27.1% of registered and 26.0% of active companies. Other legal forms of trade companies constituted the remaining share of 1.3%.

6 REGISTERED NON-PROFIT LEGAL ENTITIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY ACTIVITY AND LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2022

   Total registered legal entities Share of active legal entities, % Groups of legal organisational forms
Associations, institutions, economic co-operations, foundations, fundraising campaigns, political parties and other organisations State government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units
  Total 73 924 46,4 71 498 2 426
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing   4 50,0 4 -
B Mining and quarrying   - - - -
C Manufacturing   7 42,9 7 -
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply   1 0,0 1 -
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities  5 40,0 5 -
F Construction   1 100,0 1 -
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   220 90,0 220 -
H Transportation and storage   35 97,1 35 -
I Accommodation and food service activities   56 89,3 56 -
J Information and communication   62 45,2 62 -
K Financial and insurance activities   218 9,6 218 -
L Real estate activities   - - - -
M Professional, scientific and technical activities   199 79,4 199 -
N Administrative and support service activities   8 37,5 8 -
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security    3 036 29,5 610 2 426
P Education 2 899 88,0 2 899 -
Q Human health and social work activities 3 815 63,6 3 815 -
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 20 131 48,7 20 131 -
S Other service activities 43 173 42,0 43 173 -
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use - - - -
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 54 0,0 54 -

The structure of registered non-profit legal entities by legal forms shows that associations, institutions, co-operations and similar organisations had a share of 96.7%, while state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units had a share of 3.3%.

Concerning the activity of the mentioned legal entities, there were 46.4% of active ones. Their structure by activities shows that they were entities belonging to four activity sections: Other service activities with 58.4% of registered and 42.0% of active ones, Public administration and defence; compulsory social security with 4.1% of registered and 29.5% of active ones, Human health and social work activities with 5.2% of registered and 63.6% of active entities and Education with only 3.9% of registered ones, but with the largest share of active entities (88.0%).

7 STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, BY COUNTIES, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2022

County of Total registered legal entities Trade companies Co-operatives Registered institutions, bodies, associations and organisations Entities in crafts and trades and free lances
Registered Active Registered  Active
Republic of Croatia 316 052 238 572 141 743 3 556 817 73 924 93 393
Zagreb 20 145 15 888 9 907 143 30 4 114 5 264
Krapina-Zagorje 5 687 3 802 2 454 75 17 1 810 2 513
Sisak-Moslavina 6 968 4 210 2 470 167 32 2 591 2 252
Karlovac 6 058 3 914 2 406 130 26 2 014 1 896
Varaždin 9 304 6 682 4 402 97 19 2 525 2 861
Koprivnica-Križevci 5 239 3 336 2 069 198 36 1 705 1 611
Bjelovar-Bilogora 5 945 3 906 2 367 209 44 1 830 1 294
Primorje-Gorski kotar 26 462 20 904 11 761 154 34 5 404 9 788
Lika-Senj 2 649 1 602 992 76 12 971 954
Virovitica-Podravina 3 403 1 968 1 223 117 21 1 318 1 129
Požega-Slavonia 2 722 1 528 1 002 52 7 1 142 1 130
Slavonski Brod-Posavina 5 892 3 745 2 263 90 21 2 057 2 220
Zadar 11 560 8 633 5 334 218 50 2 709 5 042
Osijek-Baranja 15 519 9 804 6 016 275 88 5 440 4 687
Šibenik-Knin  6 802 4 514 2 504 205 47 2 083 3 101
Vukovar-Sirmium 6 838 3 862 2 341 212 64 2 764 2 363
Split-Dalmatia 32 783 25 049 15 055 436 131 7 298 13 384
Istria 23 637 19 681 11 362 111 17 3 845 8 342
Dubrovnik-Neretva 9 116 6 332 4 058 101 35 2 683 4 171
Međimurje 7 237 5 589 3 528 48 9 1 600 1 366
City of Zagreb 102 086 83 623 48 229 442 77 18 021 18 025

The data on the territorial distribution of business entities at the county level show that slightly less than one third of the total number of registered business entities (legal entities) were situated in the City of Zagreb. The City of Zagreb, however, had a significantly lower share of entities in crafts and trades and free lances, amounting to 19.3%. The County of Split-Dalmatia followed, with a share of 10.4% of legal entities and 14.3% of natural persons.

Three counties had a share larger than 5.0% of registered legal entities: the County of Primorje-Gorski kotar (8.4%), the County of Istria (7.5%) and the County of Zagreb (6.4%). The number of natural persons came in the same order.

The territorial structure of active trade companies was different in relation to the structure of the registered ones. Hence, the City of Zagreb had a share of 35.1% of registered and 34.0% of active entities, while the share of the second largest county, the County of Split-Dalmatia, was 10.6% of active and 10.5% of registered entities.

8 CREATING, DELETING AND HARMONISING OF REGISTERED LEGAL ENTITIES, 2021 AND 2022

   2021 2022
I ‒ III IV ‒ VI VII ‒ IX X ‒ XII I ‒ III IV ‒ VI
Creating 3 720 3 805 3 599 4 078 4 266 4 484
Trade companies 3 278 3 436 3 262 3 695 3 811 4 121
Other 442 369 337 383 455 363
Deleting 179 120 76 195 144 602
Enterprises - 11) - - - 4
Trade companies 112 72 54 98 88 113
Other 67 47 22 97 56 485
Harmonising according to the Companies Act 1 2 2 - 2 3

1) Enterprises and co-operatives

Data on changes in registered entities are divided into three groups: creations, deletions and harmonisations. They show that the number of creations, deletions and harmonisations increased in the mentioned period.

The share of trade companies in the number of newly created entities was 91.9% in the observed period.

 

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

I Introduction

Based on the Act on the National Classification of Activities (NN, No. 98/94), the Decision on the National Classification of Activities − NKD 2007. (NN, Nos 58/07 and 72/07) and the Ordinance on the Classification of Business Entities According to the National Classification of Activities − NKD 2007. (NN, Nos 55/16 and 35/18), the Croatian Bureau of Statistics keeps the Register of Business Entities (hereinafter referred to as: Register). The Register, pursuant to provisions of the aforementioned Ordinance, includes legal entities, state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units and parts thereof (hereinafter referred to as: business entities). The Register does not presently include natural persons engaged in activities according to regulations, foreign associations headquartered in the Republic of Croatia and business entities not headquartered in the Republic of Croatia.

The NKD 2007. is based on the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community – NACE Rev. 2, which is obligatory in EU Member States.

II Methods and sources of data collection

On registration, each business entity is assigned a seven-digit registration number, while its constituent parts are assigned an additional four-digit ordinal number besides that number.

Moreover, each business entity and parts thereof are assigned an activity code according to the NKD 2007.

Registered business entities are classified according to their prevailing activities in such a way that a numerical denotation of a class of the main activity is defined according to the NKD 2007. When, on the basis of a formal decision on registration with a competent authority or by law, a business entity is established to be engaged in more than one activity, the first classification according to the NKD 2007. is made upon the proposal of the business entity. Every subsequent classification of the business entity resulting in a change of the main activity is made in the following cases:

1) Upon the request of the business entity

2) Upon official duty, based on a change in the decision on registration with a competent authority or a change in the law.

The activity of the constituent parts of a business entity is established on the basis of a decision on registration with a competent authority or law on creation, irrespective of the activity of the business entity they are a part of.

Entry, registration, change and withdrawal of business entities are updated daily in the Register. Legal basis for updating the Register are the following:

1) Registers kept by:

trade courts

ministries

state administration offices

other registration bodies

2) Laws, decisions and other legal documents published in Narodne novine.

Registered business entities are structured according to the legal basis, as follows:

trade companies, enterprises, co-operatives and institutions are registered in the Register upon decisions of registration bodies (trade courts),

state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units registered according to the law

associations, foundations, political parties and others registered on the basis of decisions of registry bodies according to specific laws.

Difficulties in updating of a significant proportion of units in the Register are a consequence of long-term transition periods during which register bodies harmonise business entities according to a new legislation. This also postpones the procedure of deletions of business entities who have not submitted a request for harmonisation in line with new regulations. Consequently, the Register data have constantly been changing in line with data on business entities subsequently collected from publicly available data bases.

A lack in the coverage of the Register is related to business entities engaged in activities of crafts and free lances, foreign associations headquartered in the Republic of Croatia and business entities not headquartered in the Republic of Croatia. In addition, it must be pointed out that there are methodological discrepancies between the Register as an administrative data base and the Statistical Business Register (hereinafter referred to as: eSPRi).

The data of the Register of Business Entities are linked to administrative data bases through an identification number, a registration number and a personal identification number.

III Meaning of individual terms

Business entities are legal entities and natural persons that perform activities according to the law, public government bodies (government administration bodies, other government bodies, bodies of local and regional self-government units, legal entities and other public authorities, legal entities established by the Republic of Croatia or local and regional self-government units, legal entities performing public service, legal entities financed mostly or completely from the state or local and regional self-government units budgets, that is, from public funds (taxes, provisions etc.), on the basis of a special act as well as trade companies in which the Republic of Croatia or the local and regional self-government units hold individual or joint majority ownership.

Registered legal entities (business entities) are units that are registered in the Register. These are: trade companies, institutions, co-operatives, associations, political parties, public government bodies and other non-harmonised units that held a legal subjectivity status according to previously valid laws.

Active legal entities (business entities) are registered legal entities entered into the Register, for which the activity status has been determined according to the eSPRi data. 

Natural persons are units that carry out activities in line with the law and refer to crafts and trades and free lances.

Main activity is an activity established according to the largest share in the total value added in the case of business entities that make profit through production, trade or rendering of services on the market or by the largest share in the number of persons in employment according to the payroll and gross paid-off salaries in the case of business entities that do not make profit through production, trade and rendering of services on the market.

Identification number is a permanent identification denomination of each business entity. It is used in all activities of official statistics. It is determined in the process of allocation of a control number according to module 11, while any part of a business entity is at the same time determined a four-digit ordinal number along with the identification number.

Registration number is a number under which a business entity is entered in a court or another specific register.

Personal identification number (OIB) is a permanent identification designation of an OIB holder, used by OIB users in official records, in everyday activities and in data exchange. OIB is unique, non-revealing, unchangeable and non-iterative.

Legal organisational form is a characteristic of units in the Register that divides them as joint-stock companies, limited liability companies, simple limited liability companies, co-operatives, institutions, associations, state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units and other legal organisational forms. A legal organisational form of the Register has been determined by a decision of a competent registration body or by act on creation that is a basis for their entry into the Register.

Type of ownership is a characteristic of units entered into the Register that indicates the ownership structure of the unit and refer to the ownership of assets, that is, to startup deposit of a business entity.

Number of persons in employment is the feature used for indicating the size and structure of business entities. It is derived from Fina’s annual financial reports. In order to update this feature, as indicated in tables, the data have been harmonised with the regular monthly statistical survey that covers employment.

 

Abbreviations  
   
Fina Financial Agency
NKD 2007. National Classification of Activities, 2007 version
NN Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia
   
Symbols  
   
- no occurrence
0.0 value not zero but less than 0.05 of the unit of measure used

 

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