First Release

Year: LIX.
Zagreb, 09 May 2022
POSL-2022-1-1/1

ISSN 1334-0557

NUMBER AND STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, 2022

The comparison of the number of legal entities in the Register of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics with the number of active legal entities in other registers shows that the share of active legal entities was 55.3%.

This discrepancy occurs due to differences in the methodology of data entry method and of defining activities applied in individual registers.

The data on the number of entities in crafts and trades and free lances refer to the number of self-employed entrepreneurs, with or without employees, as well as to the number of persons engaged in a professional activity according to pension insurance records.

1 BUSINESS ENTITIES, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2022

   Number of registered legal entities Number of active entities Share of active legal entities, %
Total 311 698 172 438 55,3
Trade companies 234 561 137 664 58,7
Co-operatives 3 548 809 22,8
Institutions, bodies, associations and organisations 73 589 33 965 46,2
Entities in crafts and trades and free lances - 88 184 -

2 STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, BY ACTIVITY AND ACCORDING TO NKD-a 2007. SECTIONS, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2022

   Number of legal entities Active legal entities Crafts and trades and free lances
Registered Structure of registered legal entities, % Active Structure of active legal entities, % Profit Non-profit
  Total   311 698 100,0 172 438 100,0 138 473 33 965 88 184
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing   5 835 1,9 3 016 1,7 3 014 2 2 660
Mining and quarrying   346 0,1 189 0,1 189 - 41
Manufacturing   24 362 7,8 15 380 8,9 15 377 3 7 954
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply   1 606 0,5 780 0,5 780 - 13
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities  1 352 0,4 879 0,5 877 2 89
F Construction   31 541 10,1 18 730 10,9 18 729 1 9 895
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   55 311 17,7 27 579 16,0 27 382 197 8 288
H Transportation and storage   11 567 3,7 6 788 3,9 6 754 34 5 620
I Accommodation and food service activities   25 263 8,1 13 242 7,7 13 192 50 6 524
J Information and communication   11 418 3,7 7 821 4,5 7 793 28 3 512
K Financial and insurance activities   1 861 0,6 975 0,6 956 19 529
L Real estate activities   10 572 3,4 5 777 3,4 5 777 - 540
M Professional, scientific and technical activities   31 915 10,2 21 806 12,6 21 649 157 13 724
N Administrative and support service activities   12 211 3,9 7 289 4,2 7 286 3 3 118
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security    3 070 1,0 912 0,5 18 894 6 345
P Education 4 482 1,4 3 647 2,1 1 109 2 538 904
Q Human health and social work activities 5 265 1,7 3 439 2,0 1 022 2 417 5 046
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 23 043 7,4 11 570 6,7 1 880 9 690 2 976
S Other service activities 50 622 16,2 22 618 13,1 4 688 17 930 10 318
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use 2 0,0 1 0,0 1 - 45
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 54 0,0 - - - - -
  Unknown - - - - - - 43

The data on the structure of business entities by economic activities show that more than a half of both registered and active entities belong to the following four activity sections: Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles with 17.7% of registered and 16.0% of active entities, Manufacturing with 7.8% of registered and 8.9% of active entities, Professional, scientific and technical activities with 10.2% of registered and 12.6% of active entities and Other service activities with 16.2% of registered and 13.1% of active entities.

The share of profit entities in the total active business entities was 80.3% and their structure by economic activities shows that 69.5% of them belonged to five activity sections, shown in the following order of frequency: Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (19.8%), Professional, scientific and technical activities (15.6%), Manufacturing (11.1%), Construction (13.5%) and Accommodation and food service activities (9.5%).

The share of non-profit active entities was 19.7%. Half of them were classified into the activity section Other service activities. The remaining half was distributed between Arts, entertainment and recreation (28.5%), Education (7.5%), Human health and social work activities (7.1%) and Public administration and defence; compulsory social security (2.6%).

The structure of entities in crafts and trades and free lances by economic activities was much more balanced than the structure of legal entities. Professional, scientific and technical activities was the most frequent activity section. Besides this activity section, five other activities covered one half of the total number of entities.

 

NKD 2007. activity sections

A Agriculture, forestry and fishing
B Mining and quarrying
C Manufacturing
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
F Construction
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
H Transportation and storage
I Accommodation and food service activities
J Information and communication
K Financial and insurance activities
L Real estate activities
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
N Administrative and support service activities
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
P Education
Q Human health and social work activities
R Arts, entertainment and recreation
S Other service activities
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services – producing activities of households for own use
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies

 

3 STRUCTURE OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, BY OWNERSHIP TYPES AND NKD 2007. SECTIONS, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2022

   Total Ownership types
State owership Private ownership Co-operative ownership Mixed owership No owership
Number of legal entities Share in total, % Number of legal entities Share in total, % Number of legal entities Share in total, % Number of legal entities Share in total, % Number of legal entities Share in total, %
  Total 172 438 1 363 0,8 136 342 79,1 812 0,5 730 0,4 33 191 19,2
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing   3 016 14 0,5 2 623 87,0 348 11,5 29 1,0 2 0,1
B Mining and quarrying   189 5 2,6 174 92,1 2 1,1 8 4,2 - -
C Manufacturing   15 380 61 0,4 15 001 97,5 135 0,9 181 1,2 2 0,0
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply   780 35 4,5 732 93,8 4 0,5 9 1,2 - -
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities  879 320 36,4 550 62,6 1 0,1 7 0,8 1 0,1
F Construction   18 730 76 0,4 18 536 99,0 70 0,4 47 0,3 1 0,0
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   27 579 40 0,1 27 167 98,5 86 0,3 127 0,5 159 0,6
H Transportation and storage   6 788 61 0,9 6 651 98,0 9 0,1 36 0,5 31 0,5
I Accommodation and food service activities   13 242 42 0,3 13 040 98,5 46 0,3 67 0,5 47 0,4
J Information and communication   7 821 39 0,5 7 707 98,5 6 0,1 44 0,6 25 0,3
K Financial and insurance activities   975 18 1,8 921 94,5 9 0,9 10 1,0 17 1,7
L Real estate activities   5 777 37 0,6 5 717 99,0 2 0,0 21 0,4 - -
M Professional, scientific and technical activities   21 806 180 0,8 21 384 98,1 33 0,2 100 0,5 109 0,5
N Administrative and support service activities   7 289 68 0,9 7 187 98,6 18 0,2 14 0,2 2 0,0
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security    912 33 3,6 4 0,4 1 0,1 1 0,1 873 95,7
P Education 3 647 166 4,6 1 271 34,9 - - 4 0,1 2 206 60,5
Q Human health and social work activities 3 439 49 1,4 1 211 35,2 17 0,5 3 0,1 2 159 62,8
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 11 570 84 0,7 1 836 15,9 15 0,1 8 0,1 9 627 83,2
S Other service activities 22 618 35 0,2 4 629 20,5 10 0,0 14 0,1 17 930 79,3
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use 1 - - 1 100,0 - - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - - - - - - -

The structure of active legal entities by ownership types shows that the private ownership predominated with 79.1% of entities, while 0.8% of entities were owned by the state, 0.4% of them were in mixed ownership and 0.5% of entities were in co-operative ownership. The ownership of 19.2% of legal entities was not monitored.

The ownership structure by activities shows that privately owned entities were predominant in service activities, e.g. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles had a share of 98.5%, Real estate activities of 99.0% and Transportation and storage of 98.0%. Approximately the same share of private ownership existed in the productive activities such as Construction (99.0%), Manufacturing (97.5%) and Information and communication (98.5%).

4 NUMBER OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY NUMBER OF PERSONS IN EMPLOYMENT, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2022

   Total Number of persons in employment
0 1 ‒ 9 10 ‒ 49 50 ‒ 249 250 ‒ 499 500 and more
  Total 172 438 66 497 88 205 13 677 3 468 319 272
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing   3 016 1 158 1 550 251 46 4 7
B Mining and quarrying   189 38 101 38 10 - 2
C Manufacturing   15 380 3 554 8 627 2 377 668 92 62
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply   780 449 259 54 12 3 3
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities  879 162 321 274 106 14 2
F Construction   18 730 5 923 10 628 1 891 265 16 7
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   27 579 7 540 17 487 2 151 310 45 46
H Transportation and storage   6 788 1 887 4 197 561 109 19 15
I Accommodation and food service activities   13 242 3 926 8 103 1 089 106 6 12
J Information and communication   7 821 2 663 4 452 594 91 15 6
K Financial and insurance activities   975 229 612 77 28 10 19
L Real estate activities   5 777 3 754 1 893 121 7 1 1
M Professional, scientific and technical activities   21 806 6 089 14 543 1 051 116 3 4
N Administrative and support service activities   7 289 2 894 3 836 440 98 9 12
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security    912 17 223 448 173 29 22
P Education 3 647 468 1 175 975 1 005 18 6
Q Human health and social work activities 3 439 1 147 1 337 668 224 25 38
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 11 570 8 297 2 895 303 59 9 7
S Other service activities 22 618 16 301 5 966 314 35 1 1
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use 1 1 - - - - -
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - - -

Observation of the structure of active legal entities according to the number of persons in paid employment shows that the highest share of 51.2% belonged to entities employing 1 – 9 persons, followed by 38.6% of entities without persons in employment, 7.9% of entities employing 10 – 49 persons and 2.0% of entities employing 50 – 249 persons, while entities employing more than 250 persons had a share of only 0.4%.

5 TRADE COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2022

   Legal organisational forms
Total Joint stock companies Limited liability companies
Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active
  Total 234 561 137 664 1 212 721 168 599 100 979
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing   4 599 2 666 38 20 3 418 2 072
B Mining and quarrying   338 187 14 8 296 171
C Manufacturing   23 948 15 242 357 192 18 211 11 741
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply   1 598 777 8 5 1 351 690
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities  1 339 876 8 4 1 079 751
F Construction   30 722 18 660 126 72 21 393 12 520
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   54 742 27 297 163 80 42 906 21 656
H Transportation and storage   11 473 6 745 64 39 6 576 4 200
I Accommodation and food service activities   25 067 13 146 127 90 13 288 7 537
J Information and communication   11 334 7 787 37 27 8 792 6 291
K Financial and insurance activities   1 475 946 102 75 1 239 795
L Real estate activities   10 563 5 775 32 26 9 301 5 154
M Professional, scientific and technical activities   31 613 21 617 110 71 24 522 17 114
N Administrative and support service activities   12 113 7 268 10 6 8 467 5 361
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security    33 17 - - 20 12
P Education 1 593 1 109 2 1 1 066 760
Q Human health and social work activities 1 414 1 005 - - 1 096 823
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 2 997 1 865 10 4 1 834 1 136
S Other service activities 7 598 4 678 4 1 3 743 2 194
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use 2 1 - - 1 1
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - -

5 TRADE COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2022

(continued)

   Legal organisational forms
Simple limited liability companies Public trade companies Main subsidiaries of foreign trade companies or individual traders Other legal forms
Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active
  Total 63 031 35 164 366 182 1 078 481 275 137
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing   1 134 568 1 1 4 2 4 3
B Mining and quarrying   25 6 - - 3 2 - -
C Manufacturing   5 239 3 259 3 1 128 47 10 2
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply   233 79 - - 5 2 1 1
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities  242 120 - - 9 1 1 -
F Construction   8 870 5 941 46 9 277 116 10 2
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   11 390 5 439 11 2 254 113 18 7
H Transportation and storage   4 782 2 481 6 3 44 21 1 1
I Accommodation and food service activities   11 616 5 503 2 - 30 14 4 2
J Information and communication   2 448 1 438 6 4 47 25 4 2
K Financial and insurance activities   75 32 - - 18 11 41 33
L Real estate activities   1 172 564 6 2 41 21 11 8
M Professional, scientific and technical activities   6 506 4 175 274 153 176 91 25 13
N Administrative and support service activities   3 582 1 879 4 3 32 11 18 8
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security    2 1 - - - - 11 4
P Education 519 345 1 - 4 2 1 1
Q Human health and social work activities 316 181 1 1 1 - 0 0
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 1 137 709 1 1 1 1 14 14
S Other service activities 3 742 2 444 4 2 4 1 101 36
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use 1 - - - - - - -
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - - - -

 

Limited liability companies were markedly predominant in the structure of trade companies by legal organisational forms, with a share of 71.9% of registered and 73.4% of active ones. Simple limited liability companies held the second place by their number, with a share of 26.9% of registered and 25.5% of active companies. Other legal forms of trade companies constituted the remaining share of 1.3%.

6 REGISTERED NON-PROFIT LEGAL ENTITIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY ACTIVITY AND LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2022

   Total registered legal entities Share of active legal entities, % Groups of legal organisational forms
Associations, institutions, economic co-operations, foundations, fundraising campaigns, political parties and other organisations State government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units
  Total 73 589 46,2 71 163 2 426
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing   4 50,0 4 -
B Mining and quarrying   - - - -
C Manufacturing   7 42,9 7 -
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply   1 0,0 1 -
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities  5 40,0 5 -
F Construction   1 100,0 1 -
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   219 90,0 219 -
H Transportation and storage   35 97,1 35 -
I Accommodation and food service activities   56 89,3 56 -
J Information and communication   62 45,2 62 -
K Financial and insurance activities   220 8,6 220 -
L Real estate activities   - - - -
M Professional, scientific and technical activities   198 79,3 198 -
N Administrative and support service activities   8 37,5 8 -
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security    3 036 29,4 610 2 426
P Education 2 886 87,9 2 886 -
Q Human health and social work activities 3 806 63,5 3 806 -
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 20 013 48,4 20 013 -
S Other service activities 42 978 41,7 42 978 -
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use - - - -
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 54 - 54 -

The structure of registered non-profit legal entities by legal forms shows that associations, institutions, co-operations and similar organisations had a share of 96.7%, while state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units had a share of 3.3%.

Concerning the activity of the mentioned legal entities, there were 46.2% of active ones. Their structure by activities shows that they were entities belonging to four activity sections: Other service activities with 58.4% of registered and 41.7% of active ones, Public administration and defence; compulsory social security with 4.1% of registered and 29.4% of active ones, Human health and social work activities with 5.2% of registered and 63.5% of active entities and Education with only 3.9% of registered ones, but with the largest share of active entities (87.9%).

7 STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, BY COUNTIES, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2022

  County of Total registered legal entities Trade companies Co-operatives Registered institutions, bodies, associations and organisations Entities in crafts and trades and free lances
Registered Active Registered  Active
Republic of Croatia 311 698 234 561 137 664 3 548 809 73 589 88 184
Zagreb 19 856 15 616 9 629 143 30 4 097 5 208
Krapina-Zagorje 5 609 3 732 2 385 75 17 1 802 2 502
Sisak-Moslavina 6 883 4 130 2 385 166 31 2 587 2 222
Karlovac 5 990 3 857 2 353 130 26 2 003 1 903
Varaždin 9 160 6 552 4 266 96 18 2 512 2 833
Koprivnica-Križevci 5 165 3 270 2 003 198 36 1 697 1 596
Bjelovar-Bilogora 5 861 3 825 2 285 209 44 1 827 1 274
Primorje-Gorski kotar 26 145 20 605 11 465 154 34 5 386 9 148
Lika-Senj 2 606 1 562 952 76 12 968 817
Virovitica-Podravina 3 365 1 937 1 191 117 21 1 311 1 121
Požega-Slavonia 2 699 1 508 980 52 7 1 139 1 124
Slavonski Brod-Posavina 5 800 3 658 2 180 90 21 2 052 2 153
Zadar 11 323 8 420 5 124 218 50 2 685 4 395
Osijek-Baranja 15 316 9 631 5 844 274 87 5 411 4 622
Šibenik-Knin  6 690 4 414 2 399 205 47 2 071 2 609
Vukovar-Sirmium 6 756 3 792 2 275 212 64 2 752 2 299
Split-Dalmatia 32 295 24 609 14 609 432 127 7 254 11 828
Istria 23 250 19 313 10 987 111 17 3 826 7 599
Dubrovnik-Neretva 9 013 6 239 3 963 100 34 2 674 3 749
Međimurje 7 150 5 510 3 448 48 9 1 592 1 384
City of Zagreb 100 766 82 381 46 941 442 77 17 943 17 798

The data on the territorial distribution of business entities at the county level show that slightly less than one third of the total number of registered business entities (legal entities) were situated in the City of Zagreb. The City of Zagreb, however, had a significantly lower share of entities in crafts and trades and free lances, amounting to 20.2%. The County of Split-Dalmatia followed, with a share of 10.5% of legal entities and 13.4% of natural persons.

Three counties had a share larger than 5.0% of registered legal entities: the County of Primorje-Gorski kotar (8.4%), the County of Istria (7.5%) and the County of Zagreb (6.4%). The number of natural persons came in the same order.

The territorial structure of active trade companies was different in relation to the structure of the registered ones. Hence, the City of Zagreb had a share of 35.1% of registered and 34.1% of active entities, while the share of the second largest county, the County of Split-Dalmatia, was 10.6% of active and 10.5% of registered entities.

8 CREATING, DELETING AND HARMONISING OF REGISTERED LEGAL ENTITIES, 2021 AND 2022

   2021 2022
I ‒ III IV ‒ VI VII ‒ IX X ‒ XII I ‒ III
Creating 3 720 3 805 3 599 4 078 4 266
Trade companies 3 278 3 436 3 262 3 695 3 811
Other 442 369 337 383 455
Deleting 179 120 76 195 144
Enterprises - 11) - - -
Trade companies 112 72 54 98 88
Other 67 47 22 97 56
Harmonising according to the Companies Act 1 2 2 - 2

1) Enterprises and co-operatives

Data on changes in registered entities are divided into three groups: creations, deletions and harmonisations. They show that the number of creations increased in the mentioned period, while the number of deletions and harmonisations decreased

The share of trade companies in the number of newly created entities in the observed period was 89.3%.

 

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

I Introduction

Based on the Act on the National Classification of Activities (NN, No. 98/94), the Decision on the National Classification of Activities − NKD 2007. (NN, Nos 58/07 and 72/07) and the Ordinance on the Classification of Business Entities According to the National Classification of Activities − NKD 2007. (NN, Nos 55/16 and 35/18), the Croatian Bureau of Statistics keeps the Register of Business Entities (hereinafter referred to as: Register). The Register, pursuant to provisions of the aforementioned Ordinance, includes legal entities, state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units and parts thereof (hereinafter referred to as: business entities). The Register does not presently include natural persons engaged in activities according to regulations, foreign associations headquartered in the Republic of Croatia and business entities not headquartered in the Republic of Croatia.

The NKD 2007. is based on the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community – NACE Rev. 2, which is obligatory in EU Member States.

II Methods and sources of data collection

On registration, each business entity is assigned a seven-digit registration number, while its constituent parts are assigned an additional four-digit ordinal number besides that number.

Moreover, each business entity and parts thereof are assigned an activity code according to the NKD 2007.

Registered business entities are classified according to their prevailing activities in such a way that a numerical denotation of a class of the main activity is defined according to the NKD 2007. When, on the basis of a formal decision on registration with a competent authority or by law, a business entity is established to be engaged in more than one activity, the first classification according to the NKD 2007. is made upon the proposal of the business entity. Every subsequent classification of the business entity resulting in a change of the main activity is made in the following cases:

1) Upon the request of the business entity

2) Upon official duty, based on a change in the decision on registration with a competent authority or a change in the law.

The activity of the constituent parts of a business entity is established on the basis of a decision on registration with a competent authority or law on creation, irrespective of the activity of the business entity they are a part of.

Entry, registration, change and withdrawal of business entities are updated daily in the Register. Legal basis for updating the Register are the following:

1) Registers kept by:

trade courts

ministries

state administration offices

other registration bodies

2) Laws, decisions and other legal documents published in Narodne novine.

Registered business entities are structured according to the legal basis, as follows:

trade companies, enterprises, co-operatives and institutions are registered in the Register upon decisions of registration bodies (trade courts),

state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units registered according to the law

associations, foundations, political parties and others registered on the basis of decisions of registry bodies according to specific laws.

Difficulties in updating of a significant proportion of units in the Register are a consequence of long-term transition periods during which register bodies harmonise business entities according to a new legislation. This also postpones the procedure of deletions of business entities who have not submitted a request for harmonisation in line with new regulations. Consequently, the Register data have constantly been changing in line with data on business entities subsequently collected from publicly available data bases.

A lack in the coverage of the Register is related to business entities engaged in activities of crafts and free lances, foreign associations headquartered in the Republic of Croatia and business entities not headquartered in the Republic of Croatia. In addition, it must be pointed out that there are methodological discrepancies between the Register as an administrative data base and the Statistical Business Register (hereinafter referred to as: eSPRi).

The data of the Register of Business Entities are linked to administrative data bases through an identification number, a registration number and a personal identification number.

III Meaning of individual terms

Business entities are legal entities and natural persons that perform activities according to the law, public government bodies (government administration bodies, other government bodies, bodies of local and regional self-government units, legal entities and other public authorities, legal entities established by the Republic of Croatia or local and regional self-government units, legal entities performing public service, legal entities financed mostly or completely from the state or local and regional self-government units budgets, that is, from public funds (taxes, provisions etc.), on the basis of a special act as well as trade companies in which the Republic of Croatia or the local and regional self-government units hold individual or joint majority ownership.

Registered legal entities (business entities) are units that are registered in the Register. These are: trade companies, institutions, co-operatives, associations, political parties, public government bodies and other non-harmonised units that held a legal subjectivity status according to previously valid laws.

Active legal entities (business entities) are registered legal entities entered into the Register, for which the activity status has been determined according to the eSPRi data. 

Natural persons are units that carry out activities in line with the law and refer to crafts and trades and free lances.

Main activity is an activity established according to the largest share in the total value added in the case of business entities that make profit through production, trade or rendering of services on the market or by the largest share in the number of persons in employment according to the payroll and gross paid-off salaries in the case of business entities that do not make profit through production, trade and rendering of services on the market.

Identification number is a permanent identification denomination of each business entity. It is used in all activities of official statistics. It is determined in the process of allocation of a control number according to module 11, while any part of a business entity is at the same time determined a four-digit ordinal number along with the identification number.

Registration number is a number under which a business entity is entered in a court or another specific register.

Personal identification number (OIB) is a permanent identification designation of an OIB holder, used by OIB users in official records, in everyday activities and in data exchange. OIB is unique, non-revealing, unchangeable and non-iterative.

Legal organisational form is a characteristic of units in the Register that divides them as joint-stock companies, limited liability companies, simple limited liability companies, co-operatives, institutions, associations, state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units and other legal organisational forms. A legal organisational form of the Register has been determined by a decision of a competent registration body or by act on creation that is a basis for their entry into the Register.

Type of ownership is a characteristic of units entered into the Register that indicates the ownership structure of the unit and refer to the ownership of assets, that is, to startup deposit of a business entity.

Number of persons in employment is the feature used for indicating the size and structure of business entities. It is derived from Fina’s annual financial reports. In order to update this feature, as indicated in tables, the data have been harmonised with the regular monthly statistical survey that covers employment.

 

Abbreviations  
   
Fina Financial Agency
NKD 2007. National Classification of Activities, 2007 version
NN Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia
   
Symbols  
   
- no occurrence
0.0 value not zero but less than 0.05 of the unit of measure used

 

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