First Release

Year: LIX.
Zagreb, 23 September 2022
OEN-2022-2-1/7

ISSN 1334-0557

SHORT-TERM INDICATORS OF ENERGY STATISTICS, JULY 2022,
FIRST RESULTS

In July 2022, electricity available for the inland market amounted to 1 692 GWh, including losses in the electricity network.

As for other energy products, the quantity available for the inland market also contains the quantities of energy products that may end up in warehouses, either in those of final consumers or in retail trade.

1 ELECTRICTY

GWh

Supply Electricity
2021 2022
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Total gross production 1 101 1 050 906 1 008 1 051 948 1 036 1 157
Hydro power plants 598 678 427 354 447 349 376 338
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 227 125 296 426 279 372 425 530
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 81 84 81 88 86 85 81 81
Wind power plants 180 147 87 122 224 126 139 192
Solar power plants 7 8 10 10 8 9 10 10
Geothermal power plants 8 8 5 8 8 7 6 6
Total net production 1 083 1 035 880 977 1 022 914 1 003 1 119
Hydro power plants 596 677 426 353 439 346 374 336
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 219 122 279 408 266 350 401 504
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 76 75 75 80 80 78 76 74
Wind power plants 178 146 86 120 222 125 137 190
Solar power plants 7 8 10 10 8 9 10 10
Geothermal power plants 7 6 4 6 7 6 5 5
Import 923 917 931 931 970 976 1 007 1 167
Export 529 556 337 337 546 492 488 582
Energy absorbed by storage pumping 12 17 15 11 13 13 13 12
Available for inland market 1 465 1 379 1 459 1 560 1 433 1 385 1 509 1 692

2 NATURAL GAS

Supply Unit of measure Natural gas
2021 2022
IV V VI VII IV. V VI VII
Production mln m3 67 69 63 66 61 63 63 65
  TJ (GCV) 2 663 2 736 2 521 2 636 2 424 2 541 2 521 2 588
Import mln m3 233 126 186 206 226 238 201 254
  TJ (GCV) 9 115 4 947 7 419 8 155 9 006 9 497 8 006 10 133
Export mln m3 3 8 16 2 102 133 121 72
  TJ (GCV) 120 331 605 68 3 983 5 195 4 705 2 796
Variation of stocks mln m3 26 5 102 90 -9 37 16 96
  TJ (GCV) 1 036 139 3 742 3 424 -355 1 442 569 3 653
Available for inland market mln m3 271 182 131 180 194 132 127 151
  TJ (GCV) 10 622 7 213 5 593 7 299 7 802 5 402 5 253 6 271

3 HYDROCARBONS

3.1 CRUDE OIL

'000 tonnes

Supply Crude oil
2021 2022
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production 46 47 45 47 44 44 44 45
Import 195 224 330 85 90 186 176 265
Export 34 44 41 45 - - - -
Variation of stocks 9 -24 112 -164 3 -11 -49 49
Refinery input 198 251 222 251 131 241 270 261

3.2 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - TOTAL

'000 tonnes

Supply Petroleum products
2021 2022
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production 282 332 297 320 186 307 336 349
Import 109 126 171 123 212 187 154 185
Export 151 197 195 221 109 170 205 145
Variation of stocks -5 8 1 -111 39 44 -35 27
Available for inland market 245 253 272 333 250 280 319 362

3.2.1 MOTOR GASOLINE

'000 tonnes

Supply Motor gasoline
2021 2022
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production 72 78 76 78 34 63 85 80
Import 16 7 6 6 25 16 6 8
Export 52 39 58 49 15 15 72 9
Variation of stocks 5 8 -12 -28 8 25 -27 21
Available for inland market 31 38 36 63 36 39 46 58

3.2.2 GAS/DIESEL OIL

'000 tonnes

Supply Gas/diesel oil
2021 2022
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production 135 149 140 150 90 131 146 164
Import 58 81 128 88 163 137 99 112
Export 52 61 86 105 71 99 71 72
Variation of stocks -14 9 7 -65 21 3 -12 2
Available for inland market 155 160 175 198 161 166 185 202

3.2.3 FUEL OIL

'000 tonnes

Supply Fuel oil
2021 2022
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production 31 40 33 23 8 47 36 26
Import 1 1 - - - 1 - -
Export 32 60 32 31 1 32 32 32
Variation of stocks -2 -22 - -9 6 14 -3 -7
Available for inland market 2 3 1 1 1 2 7 1

3.2.4 OTHER PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

'000 tonnes

Supply Other petroleum products
2021 2022
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production 44 65 48 69 54 66 69 79
Import 34 37 37 29 24 33 49 65
Export 15 37 19 36 22 24 30 32
Variation of stocks 6 13 6 -9 4 2 7 11
Available for inland market 57 52 60 71 52 73 81 101

4 CRUDE FUELS

4.1 HARD COAL

'000 tonnes

Supply Hard  coal
2021 2022
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 5 74 8 72 6 141 92 94
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks -7 59 -57 1 -22 75 32 22
Available for inland market 12 15 65 71 28 66 60 72

4.2 COKE

'000 tonnes

Supply Coke
2021 2022
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 3 2 2 3 2 3 2 2
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market 3 2 2 3 2 3 2 2

4.3 BROWN COAL

'000 tonnes

Supply Brown coal
2021 2022
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production - - - - - - - -
Import - - - - - 1 - -
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market - - - - - 1 - -

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

This First Release is prepared on the basis of several statistical surveys, as follows: the Monthly Survey on Industrial Production and Persons Employed (IND-1/KPS/M form), the Monthly Survey on Oil Refineries (ERG-1/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export and Stocks of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (ERG-2/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks and Deliveries of Natural Gas (ERG-1/P form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks, Deliveries and Consumption of Coal and Coke (ERG-1/U form) and the Monthly Survey on Electricity Power Plants (ERG-1/EL form), as well as on the data on foreign trade in goods of the Republic of Croatia and administrative data sources.

The monthly data in this First Release are used for monitoring the changes in energy products according to the mentioned characteristics. Their sum for 12 months does not represent the annual balance data, due to the fast output of monthly data or to the fact that some deliveries are cancelled, which may lead to slight deviations from the monthly data. For that reason, the following sources of annual data are recommended: the annual Statistical Report entitled Energy Statistics published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics and the annual energy review entitled Energy in Croatia published by the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development.

Gross electricity production is the sum of the total electrical energy production by all the generating sets concerned (hydro power plants, thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels, thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels, wind power plants and solar power plants).

Net electricity production is the electrical energy supplied from a power station to a power-supply grid and it represents the difference between the electrical energy produced in a generator and own supply.

Geothermal power plants produce energy available as heat emitted from within the Earth's crust, usually in the form of hot water or steam; excluding the surrounding heat collected by the heat pumps from the ground. This energy production is the difference between the enthalpy of the fluid produced in the production borehole and that of the fluid eventually disposed of.

Energy available for consumption is the quantity of energy products available for final consumption on the inland market, including losses and stocks at final consumers and in retail trade.

Crude oil is a mineral oil of natural origin that includes a mixture of hydrocarbons and associated impurities, such as sulphur. It exists in the liquid phase under normal surface temperature and pressure and its physical characteristics (density, viscosity, etc.) are highly variable. This category includes field or lease condensates recovered from associated and non-associated gases where it is commingled with the commercial crude oil stream.

Natural gas is comprised of gases, occurring naturally in underground deposits, whether liquefied or gaseous, consisting mainly of methane. It includes both "non-associated" gas originating from fields producing hydrocarbons only in gaseous form, and "associated" gas produced in association with crude oil as well as methane recovered from coal mines (colliery gas). Manufactured gas (produced from municipal or industrial waste or sewage) is also included, while vented or flared quantities of natural gas are excluded.

Petroleum products are all products produced in petroleum refineries: refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas, motor gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil, light fuel oil, fuel oil, naphtha, white spirit, lubricating oils, bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke and other refinery products.

Other petroleum products encompass liquefied petroleum gas in NGL plants.

Import includes the quantities of energy products that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs. The quantities of petroleum and petroleum products and liquid gas that are under contracts on production realised abroad are also to be presented in this table as import. Energy products in transit through the Republic of Croatia are not presented in this survey form either as import or as export.

Export includes the quantities that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs and whether or not they are owned by a Croatian resident.

For import and export of electricity, a Eurostat definition is used which includes transit: amounts of electricity are considered imported or exported when they have crossed the political boundaries of a country, regardless of whether customs clearance has taken place or not. If electricity transits through a country, the amount should be reported as both import and export.

Variation of stocks includes stock changes at the beginning and at the end of a month in enterprises engaged in the production, transformation, import and export of energy. The difference is calculated by subtracting the state of stocks at the beginning of the first working day in a month from the state of stocks at the end of the last day in the same month.

Minor deviations may occur in the summary presentation of data due to the rounding of figures.

 

Abbreviations

CHP combined heat and power generation
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
GCV gross calorific value
GWh gigawatt hour
m3 cubic metre
mln million
NGL natural gas liquids
TJ terajoule
'000 thousand
   

Symbols

 

-

no occurrence

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80
Phone: (+385 1) 48 06 111
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Persons responsible:
Edita Omerzo, Director of Spatial Statistics Directorate
Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Darko Jukić, Ana Grabić, Mirjana Petanjek and Željka Oršanić Kelebuh

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