First Release

Year: LIX.
Zagreb, 22 July 2022
OEN-2022-2-1/5

ISSN 1334-0557

SHORT-TERM INDICATORS OF ENERGY STATISTICS, MAY 2022,
FIRST RESULTS

In May 2022, electricity available for the inland market amounted to 1 385 GWh, including losses in the electricity network.

As for other energy products, the quantity available for the inland market also contains the quantities of energy products that may end up in warehouses, either in those of final consumers or in retail trade.

1 ELECTRICTY

GWh

Supply Electricity
2021 2022
II III  IV  V II III IV V
Total gross production 1 566 1 431 1 101 1 050 1 218 1 221 1 051 948
Hydro power plants 935 713 598 678 467 454 447 349
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 380 423 227 125 469 396 279 372
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 75 82 81 84 86 92 86 85
Wind power plants 165 199 180 147 188 265 224 126
Solar power plants 4 7 7 8 4 7 8 9
Geothermal power plants 7 7 8 8 4 6 8 7
Total net production 1 541 1 401 1 083 1 035 1 185 1 189 1 022 914
Hydro power plants 933 711 596 677 465 448 439 346
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 364 402 219 122 447 377 266 350
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 70 77 76 75 79 88 80 78
Wind power plants 164 198 178 146 187 263 222 125
Solar power plants 4 7 7 8 4 7 8 9
Geothermal power plants 6 6 7 6 3 5 7 6
Import 943 900 923 917 872 1 057 970 976
Export 1 000 692 529 556 550 614 546 492
Energy absorbed by storage pumping 5 19 12 17 15 14 13 13
Available for inland market 1 479 1 590 1 465 1 379 1 492 1 618 1 433 1 385

2 NATURAL GAS

Supply Unit of measure Natural gas
2021 2022
II III IV V II III  IV  V
Production mln m3 63 70 67 69 56 66 61 63
  TJ (GCV) 2 523 2 791 2 663 2 736 2 211 2 616 2 424 2 541
Import mln m3 164 257 233 126 195 211 226 238
  TJ (GCV) 6 352 10 567 9 115 4 947 7 794 8 384 9 006 9 497
Export mln m3 2 2 3 8 31 15 102 133
  TJ (GCV) 75 88 120 331 1 223 581 3 983 5 195
Variation of stocks mln m3 -70 3 26 5 -81 -6 -9 37
  TJ (GCV) -2 636 13 1 036 139 -3 082 -230 -355 1 442
Available for inland market mln m3 295 322 271 182 300 268 194 132
  TJ (GCV) 11 436 12 957 10 622 7 213 11 864 10 648 7 802 5 402

3 HYDROCARBONS

3.1 CRUDE OIL

'000 tonnes

Supply Crude oil
2021 2022
II III IV V II III IV V
Production 42 48 46 47 42 47 44 44
Import 182 233 195 224 - 225 90 186
Export 33 40 34 44 20 10 - -
Variation of stocks 189 61 9 -24 19 260 3 -11
Refinery input 2 180 198 251 2 2 131 241

3.2 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - TOTAL

'000 tonnes

Supply Petroleum products
2021 2022
II III  IV  V II III IV V
Production 16 233 282 332 12 10 186 307
Import 199 159 109 126 289 312 212 187
Export 72 89 151 197 71 72 109 170
Variation of stocks -58 60 -5 8 -6 -13 39 44
Available for inland market 201 243 245 253 236 263 250 280

3.2.1 MOTOR GASOLINE

'000 tonnes

Supply Motor gasoline
2021 2022
II III IV V II III IV V
Production 1 40 72 78 3 - 34 63
Import 7 12 16 7 43 21 25 16
Export 6 8 52 39 6 7 15 15
Variation of stocks -26 14 5 8 12 -18 8 25
Available for inland market 28 30 31 38 28 32 36 39

3.2.2 GAS/DIESEL OIL

'000 tonnes

Supply Gas/diesel oil
2021 2022
II III IV V II III IV V
Production 1 111 135 149 1 1 90 131
Import 163 114 58 81 207 239 163 137
Export 47 53 52 61 56 56 71 99
Variation of stocks -24 5 -14 9 -17 -5 21 3
Available for inland market 141 167 155 160 169 189 161 166

3.2.3 FUEL OIL

'000 tonnes

Supply Fuel oil
2021 2022
II III IV V II III IV V
Production 9 32 31 40 5 4 8 47
Import 2 2 1 1 3 1 - 1
Export 12 3 32 60 4 2 1 32
Variation of stocks -2 29 -2 -22 -1 1 6 14
Available for inland market 1 2 2 3 5 2 1 2

3.2.4 OTHER PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

'000 tonnes

Supply Other petroleum products
2021 2022
II III IV V II III IV V
Production 5 50 44 65 3 5 54 66
Import 27 31 34 37 36 51 24 33
Export 7 25 15 37 5 7 22 24
Variation of stocks -6 12 6 13 - 9 4 2
Available for inland market 31 44 57 52 34 40 52 73

4 CRUDE FUELS

4.1 HARD COAL

'000 tonnes

Supply Hard  coal
2021 2022
II III IV V II III IV V
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 98 49 5 74 94 10 6 141
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks 37 -22 -7 59 40 -42 -22 75
Available for inland market 61 71 12 15 54 52 28 66

4.2 COKE

'000 tonnes

Supply Coke
2021 2022
II III IV V II  III IV V
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 2 2 3 2 1 3 2 3
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market 2 2 3 2 1 3 2 3

4.3 BROWN COAL

'000 tonnes

Supply Brown coal
2021 2022
II III IV V II III IV V
Production - - - - - - - -
Import - - - - 1 - - 1
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market - - - - 1 - - 1

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

This First Release is prepared on the basis of several statistical surveys, as follows: the Monthly Survey on Industrial Production and Persons Employed (IND-1/KPS/M form), the Monthly Survey on Oil Refineries (ERG-1/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export and Stocks of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (ERG-2/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks and Deliveries of Natural Gas (ERG-1/P form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks, Deliveries and Consumption of Coal and Coke (ERG-1/U form) and the Monthly Survey on Electricity Power Plants (ERG-1/EL form), as well as on the data on foreign trade in goods of the Republic of Croatia and administrative data sources.

The monthly data in this First Release are used for monitoring the changes in energy products according to the mentioned characteristics. Their sum for 12 months does not represent the annual balance data, due to the fast output of monthly data or to the fact that some deliveries are cancelled, which may lead to slight deviations from the monthly data. For that reason, the following sources of annual data are recommended: the annual Statistical Report entitled Energy Statistics published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics and the annual energy review entitled Energy in Croatia published by the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development.

Gross electricity production is the sum of the total electrical energy production by all the generating sets concerned (hydro power plants, thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels, thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels, wind power plants and solar power plants).

Net electricity production is the electrical energy supplied from a power station to a power-supply grid and it represents the difference between the electrical energy produced in a generator and own supply.

Geothermal power plants produce energy available as heat emitted from within the Earth's crust, usually in the form of hot water or steam; excluding the surrounding heat collected by the heat pumps from the ground. This energy production is the difference between the enthalpy of the fluid produced in the production borehole and that of the fluid eventually disposed of.

Energy available for consumption is the quantity of energy products available for final consumption on the inland market, including losses and stocks at final consumers and in retail trade.

Crude oil is a mineral oil of natural origin that includes a mixture of hydrocarbons and associated impurities, such as sulphur. It exists in the liquid phase under normal surface temperature and pressure and its physical characteristics (density, viscosity, etc.) are highly variable. This category includes field or lease condensates recovered from associated and non-associated gases where it is commingled with the commercial crude oil stream.

Natural gas is comprised of gases, occurring naturally in underground deposits, whether liquefied or gaseous, consisting mainly of methane. It includes both "non-associated" gas originating from fields producing hydrocarbons only in gaseous form, and "associated" gas produced in association with crude oil as well as methane recovered from coal mines (colliery gas). Manufactured gas (produced from municipal or industrial waste or sewage) is also included, while vented or flared quantities of natural gas are excluded.

Petroleum products are all products produced in petroleum refineries: refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas, motor gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil, light fuel oil, fuel oil, naphtha, white spirit, lubricating oils, bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke and other refinery products.

Other petroleum products encompass liquefied petroleum gas in NGL plants.

Import includes the quantities of energy products that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs. The quantities of petroleum and petroleum products and liquid gas that are under contracts on production realised abroad are also to be presented in this table as import. Energy products in transit through the Republic of Croatia are not presented in this survey form either as import or as export.

Export includes the quantities that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs and whether or not they are owned by a Croatian resident.

For import and export of electricity, a Eurostat definition is used which includes transit: amounts of electricity are considered imported or exported when they have crossed the political boundaries of a country, regardless of whether customs clearance has taken place or not. If electricity transits through a country, the amount should be reported as both import and export.

Variation of stocks includes stock changes at the beginning and at the end of a month in enterprises engaged in the production, transformation, import and export of energy. The difference is calculated by subtracting the state of stocks at the beginning of the first working day in a month from the state of stocks at the end of the last day in the same month.

Minor deviations may occur in the summary presentation of data due to the rounding of figures.

 

Abbreviations

CHP combined heat and power generation
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
GCV gross calorific value
GWh gigawatt hour
m3 cubic metre
mln million
NGL natural gas liquids
TJ terajoule
'000 thousand
   

Symbols

 

-

no occurrence

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80
Phone: (+385 1) 48 06 111
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Persons responsible:
Edita Omerzo, Director of Spatial Statistics Directorate
Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Darko Jukić, Ana Grabić, Mirjana Petanjek and Željka Oršanić Kelebuh

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