First Release

Year: LIX.
Zagreb, 24 June 2022
OEN-2022-2-1/4

ISSN 1334-0557

SHORT-TERM INDICATORS OF ENERGY STATISTICS, APRIL 2022,
FIRST RESULTS

In April 2022, electricity available for the inland market amounted to 1 433 GWh, including losses in the electricity network.

As for other energy products, the quantity available for the inland market also contains the quantities of energy products that may end up in warehouses, either in those of final consumers or in retail trade.

1 ELECTRICTY

GWh

Supply Electricity
2021 2022
I II III  IV  I II III IV
Total gross production 1 828 1 566 1 431 1 101 1 549 1 218 1 221 1 051
Hydro power plants 1 037 935 713 598 760 467 454 447
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 466 380 423 227 448 469 396 279
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 84 75 82 81 95 86 92 86
Wind power plants 232 165 199 180 235 188 265 224
Solar power plants 2 4 7 7 3 4 7 8
Geothermal power plants 7 7 7 8 8 4 6 8
Total net production 1 786 1 541 1 401 1 083 1 512 1 185 1 189 1 022
Hydro power plants 1 025 933 711 596 753 465 448 439
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 443 364 402 219 426 447 377 266
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 79 70 77 76 88 79 88 80
Wind power plants 231 164 198 178 234 187 263 222
Solar power plants 2 4 7 7 3 4 7 8
Geothermal power plants 6 6 6 7 7 3 5 7
Import 988 943 900 923 916 872 1 057 970
Export 1 131 1 000 692 529 716 550 614 546
Energy absorbed by storage pumping 2 5 19 12 26 15 14 13
Available for inland market 1 641 1 479 1 590 1 465 1 686 1 492 1 618 1 433

2 NATURAL GAS

Supply Unit of measure Natural gas
2021 2022
I II III IV I II III  IV 
Production mil. m3 70 63 70 67 61 56 66 61
  TJ (GOM) 2 798 2 523 2 791 2 663 2 410 2 211 2 616 2 424
Import mil. m3 180 164 257 233 207 195 211 226
  TJ (GOM) 7 077 6 352 10 567 9 115 8 238 7 794 8 384 9 006
Export mil. m3 2 2 2 3 9 31 15 102
  TJ (GOM) 86 75 88 120 342 1 223 581 3 983
Variation of stocks mil. m3 -65 -70 3 26 -117 -81 -6 -9
  TJ (GOM) -2 479 -2 636 13 1 036 -4 430 -3 082 -230 -355
Available for inland market mil. m3 313 295 322 271 376 300 268 194
  TJ (GOM) 12 268 11 436 12 957 10 622 14 736 11 864 10 648 7 802

3 HYDROCARBONS

3.1 CRUDE OIL

'000 tonnes

Supply Crude oil
2021 2022
I II III IV I II III IV
Production 48 42 48 46 48 42 47 44
Import - 182 233 195 - - 225 90
Export 39 33 40 34 39 20 10 -
Variation of stocks 7 189 61 9 6 19 260 3
Refinery input 2 2 180 198 3 2 2 131

3.2 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - TOTAL

'000 tonnes

Supply Petroleum products
2021 2022
I II III  IV  I II III IV
Production 10 16 233 282 10 12 10 186
Import 257 199 159 109 203 289 312 212
Export 61 72 89 151 76 71 72 109
Variation of stocks 32 -58 60 -5 -50 -6 -13 39
Available for inland market 174 201 243 245 187 236 263 250

3.2.1 MOTOR GASOLINE

'000 tonnes

Supply Motor gasoline
2021 2022
I II III IV I II III IV
Production 1 1 40 72 2 3 - 34
Import 31 7 12 16 6 43 21 25
Export 7 6 8 52 7 6 7 15
Variation of stocks 1 -26 14 5 -26 12 -18 8
Available for inland market 24 28 30 31 27 28 32 36

3.2.2 GAS/DIESEL OIL

'000 tonnes

Supply Gas/diesel oil
2021 2022
I II III IV I II III IV
Production 2 1 111 135 1 1 1 90
Import 204 163 114 58 170 207 239 163
Export 44 47 53 52 60 56 56 71
Variation of stocks 38 -24 5 -14 -11 -17 -5 21
Available for inland market 124 141 167 155 122 169 189 161

3.2.3 FUEL OIL

'000 tonnes

Supply Fuel oil
2021 2022
I II III IV I II III IV
Production 2 9 32 31 4 5 4 8
Import 2 2 2 1 2 3 1 0
Export 3 12 3 32 3 4 2 1
Variation of stocks -1 -2 29 -2 -5 -1 1 6
Available for inland market 2 1 2 2 8 5 2 1

3.2.4 OTHER PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

'000 tonnes

Supply Other petroleum products
2021 2022
I II III IV II III IV
Production 5 5 50 44 3 3 5 54
Import 20 27 31 34 25 36 51 24
Export 7 7 25 15 6 5 7 22
Variation of stocks -6 -6 12 6 -8 - 9 4
Available for inland market 24 31 44 57 30 34 40 52

4 CRUDE FUELS

4.1 HARD COAL

'000 tonnes

Supply Hard  coal
2021 2022
I II III IV I II III IV
Production - - - - - - - -
Import - 98 49 5 5 94 10 6
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks -57 37 -22 -7 -57 40 -42 -22
Available for inland market 57 61 71 12 62 54 52 28

4.2 COKE

'000 tonnes

Supply Coke
2021 2022
I II III IV I II  III IV
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 1 2 2 3 3 1 3 2
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market 1 2 2 3 3 1 3 2

4.3 BROWN COAL

'000 tonnes

Supply Brown coal
2021 2022
I II III IV I II III IV
Production - - - - - - - -
Import - - - - - 1 - -
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - -1 - - -
Available for inland market - - - - 1 1 - -

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

This First Release is prepared on the basis of several statistical surveys, as follows: the Monthly Survey on Industrial Production and Persons Employed (IND-1/KPS/M form), the Monthly Survey on Oil Refineries (ERG-1/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export and Stocks of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (ERG-2/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks and Deliveries of Natural Gas (ERG-1/P form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks, Deliveries and Consumption of Coal and Coke (ERG-1/U form) and the Monthly Survey on Electricity Power Plants (ERG-1/EL form) as well as on the data obtained from the Single Administrative Document on export and import of goods.

The monthly data in this First Release are used for monitoring the changes in energy products according to the mentioned characteristics. Their sum for 12 months does not represent the annual balance data, due to the fast output of monthly data or to the fact that some deliveries are cancelled, which may lead to slight deviations from the monthly data. For that reason, the following sources of annual data are recommended: the annual Statistical Report entitled Energy Statistics published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics and the annual energy review entitled Energy in Croatia published by the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development.

Gross electricity production is the sum of the total electrical energy production by all the generating sets concerned (hydro power plants, thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels, thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels, wind power plants and solar power plants).

Net electricity production is the electrical energy supplied from a power station to a power-supply grid and it represents the difference between the electrical energy produced in a generator and own supply.

Geothermal power plants produce energy available as heat emitted from within the Earth's crust, usually in the form of hot water or steam; excluding the surrounding heat collected by the heat pumps from the ground. This energy production is the difference between the enthalpy of the fluid produced in the production borehole and that of the fluid eventually disposed of.

Energy available for consumption is the quantity of energy products available for final consumption on the inland market, including losses and stocks at final consumers and in retail trade.

Crude oil is a mineral oil of natural origin that includes a mixture of hydrocarbons and associated impurities, such as sulphur. It exists in the liquid phase under normal surface temperature and pressure and its physical characteristics (density, viscosity, etc.) are highly variable. This category includes field or lease condensates recovered from associated and non-associated gases where it is commingled with the commercial crude oil stream.

Natural gas is comprised of gases, occurring naturally in underground deposits, whether liquefied or gaseous, consisting mainly of methane. It includes both "non-associated" gas originating from fields producing hydrocarbons only in gaseous form, and "associated" gas produced in association with crude oil as well as methane recovered from coal mines (colliery gas). Manufactured gas (produced from municipal or industrial waste or sewage) is also included, while vented or flared quantities of natural gas are excluded.

Petroleum products are all products produced in petroleum refineries: refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas, motor gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil, light fuel oil, fuel oil, naphtha, white spirit, lubricating oils, bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke and other refinery products.

Other petroleum products encompass liquefied petroleum gas in NGL plants.

Import includes the quantities of energy products that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs. The quantities of petroleum and petroleum products and liquid gas that are under contracts on production realised abroad are also to be presented in this table as import. Energy products in transit through the Republic of Croatia are not presented in this survey form either as import or as export.

Export includes the quantities that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs and whether or not they are owned by a Croatian resident.

For import and export of electricity, a Eurostat definition is used which includes transit: amounts of electricity are considered imported or exported when they have crossed the political boundaries of a country, regardless of whether customs clearance has taken place or not. If electricity transits through a country, the amount should be reported as both import and export.

Variation of stocks includes stock changes at the beginning and at the end of a month in enterprises engaged in the production, transformation, import and export of energy. The difference is calculated by subtracting the state of stocks at the beginning of the first working day in a month from the state of stocks at the end of the last day in the same month.

Minor deviations may occur in the summary presentation of data due to the rounding of figures.

 

Abbreviations

CHP combined heat and power generation
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
GCV gross calorific value
GWh gigawatt hour
m3 cubic metre
mln million
NGL natural gas liquids
TJ terajoule
'000 thousand

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80
Phone: (+385 1) 48 06 111
Press corner: press@dzs.hr

Persons responsible:
Edita Omerzo, Director of Spatial Statistics Directorate
Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Darko Jukić, Ana Grabić, Mirjana Petanjek and Željka Oršanić Kelebuh

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