First Release

Year: LIX.
Zagreb, 08 July 2022
POLJ-2022-7-1

ISSN 1334-0557

FISHERY, 2021 – Provisional Data

According to the provisional data, the total number of fishermen engaged in maritime fishing decreased by 0.3%, while the total number of vessels increased by 2.7% in 2021, as compared to 2020.

The total catches and production of sea fish and other sea organisms decreased by about 5 870 tonnes, that is, by 6.5%, in 2021, as compared to the previous year.

The quantity of pelagic fish decreased by 12.3%, while the quantity of other fish increased by 12.3%.

Out of the total number of pelagic fish catches, the largest share was accounted for by the catches of pilchard (72.4%).

The catches of crustaceans increased by 96 tonnes (10.4%) and the catches and production of shellfish by 378 tonnes (54.5%). The catches of molluscs decreased by 276 tonnes (29.6%).

The total production of freshwater fish in 2021 increased by 1 151 tonnes (41.4%).

The production of consumer fish in carp fishponds increased by 1 287 tonnes (53.9%), while the production in trout fishponds decreased by 136 tonnes (34.7%), as compared to the previous year.

The total value of fishery in 2021 increased by 11.4% compared to 2020. The increase was due to an increase in the value of maritime fishing (of 10.5%), which occurred as a result of an increase in sales prices.

The total value of freshwater fishing in 2021 increased by 37.8% compared to 2020. It was caused by greater quantity of sold fish.

 

MARITIME FISHING

1 FISHERMEN ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL AND SMALL COASTAL FISHING

     Fishermen Indices
2021
2020
2020 2021
Total  6 582  6 563 99,7
Commercial fishing  3 030  3 015 99,5
Small coastal fishing  3 552  3 548 99,9

2 VESSELS, BY TYPE

      2020 2021 Indices
2021
2020
Vessels Total vessel size, GT Total engine power, kW Vessels Total vessel size, GT Total engine power, kW Vessels Total vessel size, GT Total engine power, kW
Total  7 555  44 307  348 455  7 757  44 621  354 226 102,7   100,7   101,7  
Ships   325  27 621  110 810   329  27 665  110 924 101,2   100,2   100,1  
Boats  7 230  16 686  237 645  7 428  16 956  243 302 102,7   101,6   102,4  

3 FISHING NETS, BY TYPE1)

      Nets, number Indices
2021
2020
2020 2021
Trawl nets   881   868 98,5  
Purse seine nets   752   703 93,5  
Drift nets   563   558 99,1  
Single and triple gillnets  5 903  5 869 99,4  

1) Data refer to the total number of fishing equipment (active and inactive) included in licences.

4 CATCHES AND PRODUCTION OF SEA FISH, CRUSTACEANS, SHELLFISH AND MOLLUSCS

      Catches and production, t Indices, total
2021
2020
2020 2021
Total Total Catches Production
Total  89 965  84 097  61 577  22 520 93,5
Fish  87 415  81 349  59 689  21 660 93,1
Pelagic fish – total  68 380  59 973  55 945  4 028 87,7
Of that:             
Pilchard  50 134  40 485  40 485 - 80,8
Bluefin tuna  4 223  4 929   901  4 028 116,7
Other fish – total  19 035  21 376  3 744  17 632 112,3
Of that:             
Seabass  6 769  9 050   11  9 039 133,7
Gilthead seabream  7 911  7 702   183  7 519 97,4
Crustaceans – total1)   925  1 021  1 021 - 110,4
Shellfish – total1)   693  1 071   211   860 154,5
Molluscs – total1)    932   656   656 - 70,4

1) Data refer to edible and non-edible weight of catches.

 

FRESHWATER FISHING

5 FISHPONDS AREA IN EXPLOITATION

     Area Indices
2021
2020
2020 2021
Carp fishponds, ha  10 882  12 539 115,2
Trout fishponds, m2  35 303  40 244 114

6 PRODUCTION OF CONSUMER FISH

    2020 2021 Indices
2021
2020
Total In carp fishponds In trout fishponds Total In carp fishponds In trout fishponds Total In carp fishponds In trout fishponds
Total  2 780  2 388   392  3 931  3 675   256   141   154   65

7 FISH, CRUSTACEANS, SHELLFISH AND MOLLUSCS SALES

  2020 2021 Value indices
2020
2019
Price indices
2020
2019
Sold, t Value, thousand kuna Average price, kuna/kg Sold, t Value, thousand kuna Average price, kuna/kg
Total1)  90 441 1 405 900 -  85 190 1 566 439 - 111,4 -
Maritime fishing  87 662 1 359 102 -  81 243 1 501 938 - 110,5 -
Fish  85 557 1 294 032 -  78 909 1 430 347 - 110,5 -
Pelagic fish – total  67 248  519 237 -  58 548  548 366 - 105,6 -
Of that:                  
Pilchard  50 132  165 036 3,29  40 357  140 603 3,48 85,2 105,8
Bluefin tuna  3 381  269 680 79,76  4 103  321 674 78,40 119,3 98,3
Other fish – total  18 309  774 795 -  20 361  881 980 - 113,8 -
Of that:                  
Seabass  6 759  307 689 45,52  9 043  405 386 44,83 131,8 98,5
Gilthead seabream  7 845  352 297 44,91  7 629  347 972 45,61 98,8 101,6
Crustaceans – total2)   836  32 579 -   924  37 273 - 114,4 -
Shellfish – total2)   628  10 931 17,42   972  17 985 18,51 164,5 106,3
Molluscs – total2)   641  21 348 -   439  16 332 - 76,5 -
Freshwater fishing – total1)  2 779  46 799 -  3 946  64 501 - 137,8 -

1) Data do not contain catches of freshwater fish.
2) Data refer to edible and inedible amounts.

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

Sources and methods of data collection

Data on catches and production of sea and freshwater fish and other sea organisms as well as the data on fishermen, vessels and equipment and the data on values and quantities of sold goods were taken over from the Directory of Fisheries of the Ministry of Agriculture, in line with the Cooperation Agreement, which enables the surveying of basic indicators in the area of freshwater and maritime fishing and the collection of data on personnel, basic fishing means, vessels, fishing equipment, surface areas of carp and trout fishponds, catches and production of sea and freshwater fish, crustaceans, oysters and other molluscs and shellfish and the production of milt.

The Directorate of Fisheries of the Ministry of Agriculture, as the producer of official statistics on fisheries, collects the necessary data and then processes and forwards them to the Croatian Bureau of Statistics according to the previously arranged deadline and in the form suitable for further usage.

The Croatian Bureau of Statistics is responsible for releasing statistical data on fisheries at the national level, in accordance with strategic documents of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics.

Data on fisheries are collected on the basis of the Regulation (EU) No. 2017/1004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2017 on the establishment of a Union framework for the collection, management and use of data in the fisheries sector and support for scientific advice regarding the common fisheries policy and repealing the Council Regulation (EC) No. 199/2008.

Coverage and comparability

Reporting units are legal entities and parts thereof as well as individual fishermen who are engaged in commercial maritime and freshwater fishing, small coastal fishing or in the production of sea fish and other sea organisms according to the records of the Directory of Fisheries of the Ministry of Agriculture on issued licences.

Definitions

Commercial fishing is an activity of catches of sea fish and other sea organisms for making profit.

Ship, with the exception of warship, is any waterborne craft intended for navigation at sea, exceeding 15 m in length, or one authorised to carry more than 12 passengers. A ship may be a passenger, cargo or technical waterborne craft, or a fishing, public or a scientific research ship.

Fishing boat is intended and equipped for catching fish and other organisms in the sea or on the seabed.

Boat is a waterborne craft intended for navigation at sea, which is authorised to carry no more than 12 passengers, the length of which is more than 2.5 metres and less than or equal to 15 metres, or the total power of its propulsion engines is greater than 5 kW (Maritime Code, NN, No. 17/19).

According to the Act on Maritime Fishing (NN, Nos 62/17, 130/17 and 14/19) and related legislature, the most important groups of fishing gears are trawl nets, purse seine nets, drift nets and (single and triple) gillnets.

Trawl nets are benthic trawl net, pelagic trawl net, coastal trawl net, dredges for Noah’s ark and dredges.

Purse seine nets are purse seine for small pelagic fish, purse seine for great pelagic fish, purse seine for mullets, purse seine for needlefish and purse seine for smelt.

Drift nets are drift net for sardines, drift net for picarels, motion drift net, drift net for needlefish, drift net for amberjack, drift net for smelt, drift net with trap and drift net with frightening rope.

Single gillnets are gillnet for sandsmelt, gillnet for smelt, gillnet for picarel (Spicara smaris), gillnet for sardines, gillnet for picarel (Spicara flexuosa), gillnet for cacckarel, gillnet for bogue, gillnet for various fish, gillnet for Atlantic bonito, gillnet for sharks, gillnet for lobsters, gillnet for angle shark and gillnet for sea spider. Triple gillnets are gillnet for salema, triple gillnet for various fish, gillnet for solea and gillnet for cuttlefish.

 

Abbreviations

EC European Community
EU European Union
GT gross tonne
ha hectare
kg kilogram
kuna/kg kuna per kilogram
kW kilowatt
m meter
m2 square meter
NN Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia
t tonne

Symbols

- no occurrence

 

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