First Release

Year: LIX.
Zagreb, 12 August 2022
TRAN-2022-1-1/2

ISSN 1334-0557

TRANSPORT, SECOND QUARTER OF 20221)

 

The total number of passengers carried in the second quarter of 2022 amounted to 25.4 million, which means that it increased by 83.1% compared to the second quarter of 2021. An increase in the transport of passengers was recorded in the road line transport by coaches, of 116.7%, in the transport by Croatian air carriers, of 245.5%, and by Croatian shippers in seawater and coastal transport, of 40.8%. In the railway transport, according to provisional data, 27.3% more passengers were transported.

In the period from January to June 2022, a total number of passengers transported amounted to 40.7 million, which was 61.7% more than in the same period of 2021. An increase in the transport of passengers was realised in railway transport, of 30.7%, in road line transport, of 79.0%, in air transport, of 258.8%, and in seawater and coastal transport, of 33.1%.

A total of 34.8 million tonnes of goods were transported in the second quarter of 2022, which was an increase of 5.7% compared to the second quarter of 2021. An increase in the transport of goods was recorded in the transport of goods by railway carriers, of 13.7%, by freight vehicles with Croatian plates, of 7.8%, and by Croatian air carriers, of 9.8%. The increase was also recorded in inland waterway transport by ships under all flags, of 9.4%, while seawater and coastal transport by Croatian shippers decreased by 6.1% and pipeline transport by 4.3%.

In the period from January to June 2022, a total of 66.5 million tonnes of goods were transported, which was 9.3% more than in the same period of 2021. An increase was recorded in road transport, of 11.5%, in seawater and coastal transport, of 1.6%, in railway transport, of 13.3%, in inland waterway transport, by 5.8% and in air transport, of 13.2%, while pipeline transport decreased by 1.9%.

1) See Notes on Methodology.

1 TRANSPORT OF PASSENGERS AND GOODS, BY TRANSPORT MODES

       Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
IV – VI I – VI IV – VI I – VI IV – VI 2022
I – III 2022
IV – VI 2022
IV – VI 2021
I – VI 2022
I − VI 2021
Passengers carried1) 000'  13 900  25 183  25 449  40 712 166,7 183,1 161,7
Railway transport1) 000'  3 385  6 491  4 308  8 485 103,1 127,3 130,7
Road line transport 000'  7 881  14 783  17 079  26 458 182,1 216,7 179,0
Seawater and coastal transport 000'  2 460  3 658  3 463  4 868 246,5 140,8 133,1
Air transport 000'   173   251   599   901 198,3 345,5 358,8
Passenger-kilometres1) Mln   937  1 670  1 861  3 116 148,4 198,6 186,5
Railway transport1) Mln   128   232   176   317 124,4 137,9 136,7
Road line transport Mln   551  1 068   808  1 513 114,7 146,8 141,6
Seawater and coastal transport Mln   117   174   170   239 245,2 145,4 137,3
Air transport Mln   142   196   707  1 046 208,6 497,2 534,9
Goods carried 000' t  32 899  60 825  34 778  66 503 109,6 105,7 109,3
Railway transport 000' t  3 679  7 217  4 184  8 179 104,7 113,7 113,3
Road line transport 000' t  22 270  40 296  24 003  44 946 114,6 107,8 111,5
Pomorski i obalni prijevoz 000' t  4 308  8 505  4 043  8 639 88,0 93,9 101,6
Inland waterway transport2)  000' t   145   320   159   339 88,3 109,4 105,8
Air transport 000' t   0   1   0   1 96,6 109,8 113,2
Transport via pipelines 000' t  2 496  4 485  2 388  4 399 118,8 95,7 98,1
Tonne-kilometres  Mln  29 854  54 097  28 770  55 574 107,3 96,4 102,7
Railway transport Mln   755  1 493   907  1 726 110,7 120,1 115,6
Road line transport Mln  3 472  6 550  3 778  7 288 107,6 108,8 111,3
Seawater and coastal transport Mln  25 085  45 110  23 532  45 460 107,3 93,8 100,8
Inland waterway transport2) Mln   7   18   10   23 80,6 141,5 130,9
Air transport Mln   0   1   0   1 91,4 108,2 112,5
Transport via pipelines Mln   535   926   543  1 076 101,7 101,5 116,3

1) Provisional data for 2022.
2) Transit is not included.

2 RAILWAY TRANSPORT

       Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
IV – VI I – VI IV – VI I – VI IV – VI 2022
I – III 2022
IV – VI 2022
IV – VI 2021
I – VI 2022
I − VI 2021
Passengers carried1) 000'  3 385  6 491  4 308  8 485 103,1 127,3 130,7
National transport1) 000'  3 356  6 456  4 228  8 375 101,9 126,0 129,7
International transport1) 000'   29   35   80   110 266,7 276,8 318,1
Passenger-kilometres1) Mln   128   232   176   317 124,4 137,9 136,7
National transport1) Mln   121   225   166   307 118,0 137,6 136,2
International transport1) Mln   7   7   10   11 2) 143,0 150,3
Goods carried 000' t  3 679  7 217  4 184  8 179 104,7 113,7 113,3
National transport 000' t   744  1 298   865  1 734 99,6 116,3 133,6
International transport – loading 000' t  1 335  2 708  1 439  2 889 99,3 107,8 106,7
International transport – unloading 000' t   415   802   510   949 116,2 122,9 118,4
Transit 000' t  1 186  2 410  1 370  2 607 110,6 115,5 108,2
Tonne-kilometres Mln   755  1 493   907  1 726 110,7 120,1 115,6
National transport Mln   193   365   177   350 102,4 91,7 96,0
International transport – loading Mln   215   454   246   500 96,8 114,6 110,2
International transport – unloading Mln   112   217   187   330 130,4 166,6 152,3
Transit Mln   235   457   297   545 119,4 126,2 119,3
Out of total goods transport – transport of dangerous goods 000' t   386   719   415   667 165,1 107,6 92,7

1) Provisional data for 2022.
2) The index exceeds 999.

3 ROAD LINE TRANSPORT OF PASSENGERS BY COACHES

       Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
IV – VI I – VI IV – VI I – VI IV – VI 2022
I – III 2022
IV – VI 2022
IV – VI 2021
I – VI 2022
I − VI 2021
Passengers carried 000'  7 881  14 783  17 079  26 458 182,1 216,7 179,0
National transport 000'  7 097  13 871  15 969  24 713 182,6 225,0 178,2
International transport 000'   784   912  1 110  1 745 174,8 141,6 191,3
Passenger-kilometres Mln   551  1 068   808  1 513 114,7 146,8 141,6
National transport Mln   523  1 022   684  1 319 107,7 130,7 129,1
International transport Mln   28   47   125   195 178,6 452,2 416,0

4 URBAN TRANSPORT BY BUSES AND TRAMS

       Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
IV – VI I – VI IV – VI I – VI IV – VI 2022
I – III 2022
IV – VI 2022
IV – VI 2021
I – VI 2022
I − VI 2021
Buses Number  1 284  1 284  1 322  1 322 100,9 103,0 103,0
Kilometres travelled by buses 000'  21 075  31 860  16 563  32 839 101,8 78,6 103,1
Passengers carried 000'  31 890  59 487  35 075  67 236 109,1 110,0 113,0
Trams1) Number   345   345   341   341 100,0 98,8 98,8
Kilometres travelled by trams 000'  5 469  6 944  3 210  6 617 94,2 58,7 95,3
Passengers carried 000'  30 407  58 757  31 697  61 391 106,7 104,2 104,5

1) Including motorised cars and trailers.

5 ROAD TRANSPORT OF GOODS

       Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
IV – VI I – VI IV – VI I – VI IV – VI 2022
I – III 2022
IV – VI 2022
IV – VI 2021
I – VI 2022
I − VI 2021
Goods carried – total 000' t  22 270  40 296  24 003  44 946 114,6 107,8 111,5
National transport 000' t  18 365  32 825  19 806  36 423 119,2 107,8 111,0
Dispatched to foreign countries 000' t  1 363  2 603  1 534  3 063 100,3 112,6 117,7
Received from foreign countries 000' t  1 345  2 513  1 291  2 617 97,4 96,0 104,2
Cross-trade transport 000' t  1 197  2 356  1 372  2 843 93,3 114,7 120,7
Tonne-kilometres Mln  3 472  6 550  3 778  7 288 107,6 108,8 111,3
National transport Mln  1 227  2 230  1 344  2 435 123,3 109,6 109,2
Dispatched to foreign countries Mln   768  1 429   848  1 644 106,7 110,5 115,0
Received from foreign countries Mln   733  1 362   768  1 480 107,8 104,8 108,7
Cross-trade transport Mln   744  1 529   817  1 730 89,5 109,8 113,2
Road transport of goods for hire or reward                 
Goods carried 000' t  11 664  20 945  12 741  23 866 114,5 109,2 113,9
Tonne-kilometres Mln  2 953  5 511  3 160  6 137 106,2 107,0 111,3
Road transport of goods for own account                 
Goods carried 000' t  10 606  19 351  11 257  21 075 114,7 106,1 108,9
Tonne-kilometres Mln   518  1 038   615  1 149 115,1 118,6 110,6
Out of total goods transport – transport of dangerous goods 000' t  (979)  1 540 (1 041)  1 706 156,8 106,3 110,8

6 TRANSPORT VIA PIPELINES

       Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
IV – VI I – VI IV – VI I – VI IV – VI 2022
I – III 2022
IV – VI 2022
IV – VI 2021
I – VI 2022
I − VI 2021
Oil transport 000' t  1 966  3 298  1 525  2 790 120,6 77,6 84,6
Tonne-kilometres  Mln   421   700   401   775 107,4 95,2 110,6
Gas transport 000' t   530  1 187   863  1 609 115,8 162,8 135,5
Tonne-kilometres Mln   113   226   142   302 88,5 125,2 133,7

7 SEAWATER AND COASTAL TRANSPORT

       Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
IV – VI I – VI IV – VI I – VI IV – VI 2022
I – III 2022
IV – VI 2022
IV – VI 2021
I – VI 2022
I − VI 2021
Passengers carried 000'  2 460  3 658  3 463  4 868 246,5 140,8 133,1
National transport 000'  2 453  3 649  3 445  4 846 245,9 140,4 132,8
International transport 000'   7   9   18   23 452,0 274,0 243,0
Out of total, carried by ferries 000'  2 025  2 969  2 783  3 911 246,9 137,4 131,7
Passenger-kilometres Mln   117   174   170   239 245,2 145,4 137,3
National transport Mln   115   172   166   234 243,3 143,9 136,1
International transport Mln   1   2   4   5 368,6 274,0 238,2
Goods carried 000' t  4 308  8 505  4 043  8 639 88,0 93,9 101,6
National transport 000' t   207   374   190   289 190,5 91,6 77,3
International transport 000' t  4 101  8 131  3 853  8 350 85,7 94,0 102,7
Tonne-kilometres Mln  25 085  45 110  23 532  45 460 107,3 93,8 100,8
National transport Mln   59   109   52   77 201,9 87,3 70,7
International transport Mln  25 026  45 001  23 480  45 383 107,2 93,8 100,8

8 AIR TRANSPORT

       Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
IV – VI I – VI IV – VI I – VI IV – VI 2022
I – III 2022
IV – VI 2022
IV – VI 2021
I – VI 2022
I − VI 2021
Passengers carried 000'   173   251   599   901 198,3 345,5 358,8
National transport 000'   48   75   91   150 154,2 189,2 200,4
International transport 000'   125   176   508   750 209,0 405,7 426,3
Passenger-kilometres Mln   142   196   707  1 046 208,6 497,2 534,9
National transport Mln   16   24   29   47 154,1 184,8 198,5
International transport Mln   127   172   678   999 211,8 535,5 581,7
Freight carried t   306   604   336   684 96,6 109,8 113,2
National transport t   25   32   32   41 355,6 128,0 128,1
International transport t   281   572   304   643 89,7 108,2 112,4
Tonne-kilometres 000'   255   514   276   578 91,4 108,2 112,5
National transport 000'   7   9   9   12 300,0 128,6 133,3
International transport 000'   248   505   267   566 89,3 107,7 112,1

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

It may happen that the sum total does not equal the sum of individual figures and that cumulative data do not always equal the sum of individual quarterly results due to the rounding of numbers.

The final quarterly data on the railway transport of passengers for 2022 will be published in May 2023 in Excel format on the website of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics https://podaci.dzs.hr/en/ under Statistics in Line "Transport".

Data on traffic of ships, passengers and goods in seaports were published in the First Release TRAN-2022-3-1 "Traffic in Seaports", and data on traffic of passengers and freight in airports in the First Release TRAN-2022-2-1 "Traffic in Airports".

Sources and methods of data collection

The data on transport are collected through weekly, monthly and quarterly statistical surveys. The purpose of the surveys is to collect the data on the transport of passengers and goods and to calculate the performance indicators on transport expressed in tonne-kilometres and passenger-kilometres.

Observation and reporting units on road line passenger transport, urban transport, pipeline transport, seawater and coastal transport, and air transport are national carriers, that is, operators registered in the transport activity (section H of the NKD 2007.) in the Statistical Business Register of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics.

Observation units in the statistical survey on the road transport of goods are freight road vehicles (including road tractors) with a loading capacity of over 3 500 kg that are registered with the Ministry of the Interior. Reporting units are business entities (legal entities and natural persons) who own or just use a freight road vehicle selected into the sample.

The data on national inland waterway transport are collected on the Report on Arrival of Vessels in Inland Waterway Ports and the Report on Departure of Vessels from Inland Waterway Ports. The data are delivered by harbour master’s offices of inland waterway ports. As of 1 January 2022, arrivals and departures of vessels in international inland waterway transport are recorded in the Inland Navigation Information System (ISUP).

Coverage

The data on the railway transport of passengers include the urban and suburban transport of passengers and passengers in transit through the Republic of Croatia. Data on railway transport of goods relate to the operation of all railway carriers in the railway network of the Republic of Croatia.

The data on the road transport refer to the operation of owners or users of freight vehicles selected by the sample. In the quarterly dynamics, 2 600 vehicles have been selected in the sample. The data, that is, estimates with the variation coefficient values ranging between 10.0 and 30.0 are separately marked as less accurate values.

The data on the road line transport of passengers have related to the activity of business entities (legal entities and natural persons) engaged in the transport of passengers by coaches and holding the concession for performing the public line transport of passengers on international, inter-county and county lines.

The urban transport of passengers covers the organised public transport of passengers in cities with a population of over 40 000 conducted by business entities engaged in the urban transport of passengers (by trams and buses). Included are the active business entities employing more than 10 persons registered in section H, class 49.31 Urban and suburban passenger land transport, of the NKD 2007. in the Statistical Business Register of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics.

The survey on the seawater and coastal transport covers all business entities engaged in the public seawater and coastal line transport of passengers and business entities whose principal or subsidiary activity is seawater and coastal transport of goods. The selection of reporting units engaged in the activity of transporting goods is prepared every year on the basis of the defined threshold for being included in the survey (10 or more persons in employment). Cross-trade transport is included.

The data on air transport of passengers and freight are submitted by national air operators engaged in the commercial air transport of passengers and freight (goods and mail).

The transport via pipelines covers oil transport and gas transport. Data refer to activities of legal entities engaged in oil and gas transport via pipelines.

The data on the transport in inland waterways include the transport of goods on vessels under the domestic and foreign flags on the territory of the Republic of Croatia. Transit is not included.

Definitions

International transport includes conveying between the place of embarkation/loading in the Republic of Croatia and the place of disembarkation/unloading abroad, or vice versa, as well as between two places in another country.

Transit implies a transport through the Croatian territory in the same means of transport between two places (the place of embarkation/loading and the place of disembarkation/unloading), both located in another country or in other countries.

Cross-trade road transport implies international transport of goods performed by domestic operators with the place of loading and unloading being located in a foreign country.

Passenger-kilometre is a unit of measure representing the transport of one person over a distance of one kilometre. The calculation of passenger-kilometres for the rail transport takes into account only the distance travelled on the territory of the Republic of Croatia.

Tonne-kilometre is a unit of measure representing the transport of one tonne over a distance of one kilometre. The calculation of tonne-kilometres for the rail transport takes into account only the distance travelled on the territory of the Republic of Croatia including transit. The calculation of tonne-kilometres for the inland waterway transport takes into account only the distance travelled on the territory of the Republic of Croatia, but transit is not included.

The road transport of goods and road tonne-kilometres relate to the movement of freight vehicles registered in the Republic of Croatia.

 

Abbreviations  
   
kg kilogram
mln million
NKD 2007. National Classification of Activities, 2007 version
pkm passenger-kilometre
t tonne
tkm tonne-kilometre
'000 thousand
   
Symbols  
   
( ) less accurate data
0 value not zero, but less than 0.5 of the unit of measure used

 

 

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