First Release

Year: LIX.
Zagreb, 13 May 2022
TRAN-2022-1-1/1

ISSN 1334-0557

TRANSPORT, FIRST QUARTER OF 20221)

 

The total number of passengers carried in the first quarter of 2022 amounted to 15.3 million, which means that it increased by 35.3% compared to the first quarter of 2021. An increase in the transport of passengers was recorded in the road line transport by coaches, of 35.9%, in the transport by Croatian air carriers, of 288.7%, and by Croatian shippers in seawater and coastal transport, of 17.3%. In the railway transport, according to provisional data, 34.5% more passengers were transported.

According to final data, from January to December 2021, the total number of passengers transported amounted to 57.9 million, which was 18.8% more than in the same period of 2020. An increase in the transport of passengers was realised in railway transport, of 3.3%, in road line transport, of 18.5%, in air transport, of 57.2%, and in seawater and coastal transport, of 40.0%. Compared to the same period of 2019, it was a decrease of 31.2%.

A total of 31.7 million tonnes of goods were transported in the first quarter of 2022, which was an increase of 13.6% compared to the first quarter of 2021. An increase in the transport of goods was recorded in the transport of goods by railway carriers, of 12.9%, by freight vehicles with Croatian plates, of 16.2%, and by Croatian air carriers, of 16.8%. The increase was also recorded in pipeline transport, of 1.0%, in inland waterway transport by ships under all flags, of 2.8%, and in seawater and coastal transport by Croatian shippers, of 9.5%

 

1) See Notes on Methodology.

1 TRANSPORT OF PASSENGERS AND GOODS, BY TRANSPORT MODES

       Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
I – III X – XII I – XII I – III I – III 2022
X – XII 2021
I – III 2022
I – III 2021
I – XII 2021
I − XII 2020
Passengers carried1) 000'  11 283  14 856  57 874  15 263 102,7 135,3 118,8
Railway transport1) 000'  3 105  4 026  13 541  4 177 103,8 134,5 103,3
Road line transport 000'  6 902  8 849  30 993  9 379 106,0 135,9 118,5
Seawater and coastal transport 000'  1 198  1 683  12 280  1 405 83,5 117,3 140,0
Air transport 000'   78   298  1 061   302 101,5 388,7 157,2
Passenger-kilometres1) Mln   733  1 163  4 439  1 254 107,9 171,1 129,7
Railway transport1) Mln   105   141   540   141 100,0 135,2 120,1
Road line transport Mln   518   684  2 394   705 103,1 136,1 115,3
Seawater and coastal transport Mln   57   82   582   69 84,2 120,7 141,5
Air transport Mln   53   256   924   339 132,6 635,4 189,9
Goods carried 000' t  27 926  33 915  127 794  31 724 93,5 113,6 103,7
Railway transport 000' t  3 538  4 175  15 176  3 995 95,7 112,9 101,2
Road line transport 000' t  18 026  22 940  84 953  20 942 91,3 116,2 105,3
Pomorski i obalni prijevoz 000' t  4 197  4 479  17 809  4 597 102,6 109,5 102,4
Inland waterway transport2)  000' t   175   139   697   180 129,8 102,8 73,5
Air transport 000' t   0   0   1   0 95,3 116,8 90,3
Transport via pipelines 000' t  1 989  2 182  9 158  2 010 92,1 101,0 99,0
Tonne-kilometres  Mln  24 243  27 757  114 707  26 804 96,6 110,6 103,4
Railway transport Mln   737   871  3 172   819 94,1 111,1 96,7
Road line transport Mln  3 078  3 732  13 629  3 511 94,1 114,0 111,2
Seawater and coastal transport Mln  20 026  22 504  95 707  21 928 97,4 109,5 102,4
Inland waterway transport2) Mln   10   8   34   13 155,1 123,5 59,2
Air transport Mln   0   0   1   0 95,0 116,6 87,7
Transport via pipelines Mln   391   642  2 164   534 83,2 136,4 113,1

1) Provisional data for 2022.
2) Transit is not included.

2 RAILWAY TRANSPORT

       Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
I – III X – XII I – XII I – III I – III 2022
X – XII 2021
I – III 2022
I – III 2021
I – XII 2021
I − XII 2020
Passengers carried1) 000'  3 105  4 026  13 541  4 177 103,8 134,5 103,3
National transport1) 000'  3 100  3 993  13 322  4 147 103,9 133,8 102,8
International transport1) 000'   6   33   219   30 91,0 528,9 155,9
Passenger-kilometres1) Mln   105   141   540   141 100,0 135,2 120,1
National transport1) Mln   104   140   484   141 100,5 134,7 109,2
International transport1) Mln   0   1   56   1 50,9 448,5 956,2
Goods carried 000' t  3 538  4 175  15 176  3 995 95,7 112,9 101,2
National transport 000' t   553   930  3 049   868 93,4 156,9 108,9
International transport – loading 000' t  1 373  1 552  5 780  1 450 93,4 105,6 97,2
International transport – unloading 000' t   387   457  1 633   439 96,1 113,5 111,2
Transit 000' t  1 224  1 238  4 713  1 238 100,0 101,1 98,6
Tonne-kilometres Mln   737   871  3 172   819 94,1 111,1 96,7
National transport Mln   172   197   774   173 88,0 100,8 92,8
International transport – loading Mln   239   276   989   254 91,9 106,3 88,0
International transport – unloading Mln   105   138   473   143 103,9 137,0 114,8
Transit Mln   222   260   936   248 95,7 111,9 103,0
Out of total goods transport – transport of dangerous goods 000' t   333   281  1 399   251 89,6 75,4 90,3

1) Provisional data for 2022

3 ROAD LINE TRANSPORT OF PASSENGERS BY COACHES

       Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
I – III X – XII I – XII I – III I – III 2022
X – XII 2021
I – III 2022
I – III 2021
I – XII 2021
I − XII 2020
Passengers carried 000'  6 902  8 849  30 993  9 379 106,0 135,9 118,5
National transport 000'  6 774  8 543  29 368  8 744 102,4 129,1 114,4
International transport 000'   128   306  1 625   635 207,5 496,1 343,6
Passenger-kilometres Mln   518   684  2 394   705 103,1 136,1 115,3
National transport Mln   499   652  2 232   635 97,3 127,3 117,0
International transport Mln   19   31   162   70 222,3 363,9 96,2

4 URBAN TRANSPORT BY BUSES AND TRAMS

       Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
I – III X – XII I – XII I – III I – III 2022
X – XII 2021
I – III 2022
I – III 2021
I – XII 2021
I − XII 2020
Buses Number  1 262  1 317  1 317  1 310 99,5 103,8 105,7
Kilometres travelled by buses 000'  10 785  16 938  64 860  16 276 96,1 150,9 117,4
Passengers carried 000'  27 597  34 474  123 073  32 161 93,3 116,5 97,9
Trams1) Number   345   345   345   341 98,8 98,8 100,0
Kilometres travelled by trams 000'  1 475  3 473  13 459  3 407 98,1 231,0 119,4
Passengers carried 000'  28 350  33 091  119 671  29 694 89,7 104,7 91,1

1) Including motorised cars and trailers.

5 ROAD TRANSPORT OF GOODS

      Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
I – III X – XII I – XII I – III I – III 2022
X – XII 2021
I – III 2022
I – III 2021
I – XII 2021
I − XII 2020
Goods carried – total 000' t  18 026  22 940  84 953  20 942 91,3 116,2 105,3
National transport 000' t  14 460  18 640  69 269  16 617 89,1 114,9 104,4
Dispatched to foreign countries 000' t  1 240  1 632  5 804  1 529 93,7 123,3 115,0
Received from foreign countries 000' t  1 167  1 508  5 232  1 326 87,9 113,6 108,1
Cross-trade transport 000' t  1 159  1 160  4 648  1 470 126,7 126,8 103,7
Tonne-kilometres Mln  3 078  3 732  13 629  3 511 94,1 114,0 111,2
National transport Mln  1 004  1 353  4 802  1 090 80,6 108,6 107,0
Dispatched to foreign countries Mln   661   863  3 051   795 92,2 120,4 115,3
Received from foreign countries Mln   629   793  2 719   712 89,9 113,2 113,6
Cross-trade transport Mln   785   724  3 057   913 126,1 116,4 112,1
Road transport of goods for hire or reward                
Goods carried 000' t  9 281  12 583  46 097  11 124 88,4 119,9 105,9
Tonne-kilometres Mln  2 558  3 231  11 627  2 977 92,1 116,4 112,0
Road transport of goods for own account                
Goods carried 000' t  8 745  10 356  38 856  9 818 94,8 112,3 104,6
Tonne-kilometres Mln   520   501  2 001   534 106,5 102,7 106,8
Out of total goods transport – transport of dangerous goods 000' t (561) (1 093)  3 898  (664) 60,8 118,4 119,2

6 TRANSPORT VIA PIPELINES

      Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
I – III X – XII I – XII I – III I – III 2022
X – XII 2021
I – III 2022
I – III 2021
I – XII 2021
I − XII 2020
Oil transport 000' t  1 332  1 540  6 806  1 264 82,1 94,9 99,7
Tonne-kilometres  Mln   279   494  1 671   373 75,6 134,0 101,9
Gas transport 000' t   657   642  2 352   746 116,2 113,5 97,1
Tonne-kilometres Mln   113   147   492   160 108,7 142,3 179,6

7 SEAWATER AND COASTAL TRANSPORT

       Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
I – III X – XII I – XII I – III I – III 2022
X – XII 2021
I – III 2022
I – III 2021
I – XII 2021
I − XII 2020
Passengers carried 000'  1 198  1 683  12 280  1 405 83,5 117,3 140,0
National transport 000'  1 196  1 673  12 220  1 401 83,7 117,2 139,7
International transport 000'   3   10   60   4 40,3 160,7 227,8
Out of total, carried by ferries 000'   944  1 340  9 889  1 128 84,1 119,5 137,2
Passenger-kilometres Mln   57   82   582   69 84,2 120,7 141,5
National transport Mln   57   80   569   68 85,5 120,3 140,4
International transport Mln   1   2   13   1 42,1 160,7 227,5
Goods carried 000' t  4 197  4 479  17 809  4 597 102,6 109,5 102,4
National transport 000' t   167   152   739   100 65,6 59,5 92,9
International transport 000' t  4 030  4 327  17 070  4 497 103,9 111,6 102,8
Tonne-kilometres Mln  20 026  22 504  95 707  21 928 97,4 109,5 102,4
National transport Mln   50   42   209   26 60,7 51,1 98,4
International transport Mln  19 976  22 462  95 498  21 902 97,5 109,6 102,4

8 AIR TRANSPORT

     Unit of measure 2021 2022 Indices
I – III X – XII I – XII I – III I – III 2022
X – XII 2021
I – III 2022
I – III 2021
I – XII 2021
I − XII 2020
Passengers carried 000' 78 298 1 061 302 101,5 388,7 157,2
National transport 000' 27 67 244 59 87,7 220,5 z
International transport 000' 51 230 817 243 105,5 477,2 z
Passenger-kilometres Mln 53 256 924 339 132,6 635,4 189,9
National transport Mln 8 21 76 19 87,9 224,0 z
International transport Mln 45 234 847 320 136,7 711,4 z
Freight carried t 298 365 1 319 348 95,3 116,8 90,3
National transport t 7 14 81 9 64,3 128,6 95,3
International transport t 291 351 1 238 339 96,6 116,5 90,0
Tonne-kilometres 000' 259 318 1 115 302 95,0 116,6 87,7
National transport 000' 2 4 23 3 75,0 150,0 92,0
International transport 000' 257 314 1 092 299 95,2 116,3 87,6

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

It may happen that the sum total does not equal the sum of individual figures and that cumulative data do not always equal the sum of individual quarterly results due to the rounding of numbers.

The final quarterly data on the railway transport of passengers for 2022 will be published in May 2023 in Excel format on the website of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics https://podaci.dzs.hr/en/ under Statistics in Line "Transport".

Data on traffic of ships, passengers and goods in seaports were published in the First Release TRAN-2022-3-1 "Traffic in Seaports", and data on traffic of passengers and freight in airports in the First Release TRAN-2022-2-1 "Traffic in Airports".

Sources and methods of data collection

The data on transport are collected through weekly, monthly and quarterly statistical surveys. The purpose of the surveys is to collect the data on the transport of passengers and goods and to calculate the performance indicators on transport expressed in tonne-kilometres and passenger-kilometres.

Observation and reporting units on road line passenger transport, urban transport, pipeline transport, seawater and coastal transport, and air transport are national carriers, that is, operators registered in the transport activity (section H of the NKD 2007.) in the Statistical Business Register of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics.

Observation units in the statistical survey on the road transport of goods are freight road vehicles (including road tractors) with a loading capacity of over 3 500 kg that are registered with the Ministry of the Interior. Reporting units are business entities (legal entities and natural persons) who own or just use a freight road vehicle selected into the sample.

The data on national inland waterway transport are collected on the Report on Arrival of Vessels in Inland Waterway Ports and the Report on Departure of Vessels from Inland Waterway Ports. The data are delivered by harbour master’s offices of inland waterway ports. As of 1 January 2022, arrivals and departures of vessels in international inland waterway transport are recorded in the Inland Navigation Information System (ISUP).

Coverage

The data on the railway transport of passengers include the urban and suburban transport of passengers and passengers in transit through the Republic of Croatia. Data on railway transport of goods relate to the operation of all railway carriers in the railway network of the Republic of Croatia.

The data on the road transport refer to the operation of owners or users of freight vehicles selected by the sample. In the quarterly dynamics, 2 600 vehicles have been selected in the sample. The data, that is, estimates with the variation coefficient values ranging between 10.0 and 30.0 are separately marked as less accurate values.

The data on the road line transport of passengers have related to the activity of business entities (legal entities and natural persons) engaged in the transport of passengers by coaches and holding the concession for performing the public line transport of passengers on international, inter-county and county lines.

The urban transport of passengers covers the organised public transport of passengers in cities with a population of over 40 000 conducted by business entities engaged in the urban transport of passengers (by trams and buses). Included are the active business entities employing more than 10 persons registered in section H, class 49.31 Urban and suburban passenger land transport, of the NKD 2007. in the Statistical Business Register of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics.

The survey on the seawater and coastal transport covers all business entities engaged in the public seawater and coastal line transport of passengers and business entities whose principal or subsidiary activity is seawater and coastal transport of goods. The selection of reporting units engaged in the activity of transporting goods is prepared every year on the basis of the defined threshold for being included in the survey (10 or more persons in employment). Cross-trade transport is included.

The data on air transport of passengers and freight are submitted by national air operators engaged in the commercial air transport of passengers and freight (goods and mail).

The transport via pipelines covers oil transport and gas transport. Data refer to activities of legal entities engaged in oil and gas transport via pipelines.

The data on the transport in inland waterways include the transport of goods on vessels under the domestic and foreign flags on the territory of the Republic of Croatia. Transit is not included.

Definitions

International transport includes conveying between the place of embarkation/loading in the Republic of Croatia and the place of disembarkation/unloading abroad, or vice versa, as well as between two places in another country.

Transit implies a transport through the Croatian territory in the same means of transport between two places (the place of embarkation/loading and the place of disembarkation/unloading), both located in another country or in other countries.

Cross-trade road transport implies international transport of goods performed by domestic operators with the place of loading and unloading being located in a foreign country.

Passenger-kilometre is a unit of measure representing the transport of one person over a distance of one kilometre. The calculation of passenger-kilometres for the rail transport takes into account only the distance travelled on the territory of the Republic of Croatia.

Tonne-kilometre is a unit of measure representing the transport of one tonne over a distance of one kilometre. The calculation of tonne-kilometres for the rail transport takes into account only the distance travelled on the territory of the Republic of Croatia including transit. The calculation of tonne-kilometres for the inland waterway transport takes into account only the distance travelled on the territory of the Republic of Croatia, but transit is not included.

The road transport of goods and road tonne-kilometres relate to the movement of freight vehicles registered in the Republic of Croatia.

 

Abbreviations  
   
kg kilogram
mln million
NKD 2007. National Classification of Activities, 2007 version
pkm passenger-kilometre
t tonne
tkm tonne-kilometre
z data are not published for confidentiality reasons
'000 thousand
   
Symbols  
   
( ) less accurate data
0 value not zero, but less than 0.5 of the unit of measure used

 

 

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80
Phone: (+385 1) 48 06 111
Press corner: press@dzs.hr

Persons responsible:
Edita Omerzo, Director of Spatial Statistics Directorate
Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Snježana Kos, Korana Šakić Pokrivač, Lidija Pilat and Ninoslava Podnar


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