First Release

Year: LIX.
Zagreb, 20 July 2022
RAD-2022-1-1/5

ISSN 1334-0557

AVERAGE MONTHLY NET AND GROSS EARNINGS OF PERSONS IN PAID EMPLOYMENT FOR MAY 2022

For May 2022, the average monthly paid off net earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities in the Republic of Croatia amounted to 7 690 kuna, which represented a nominal increase of 1.9% and a real one of 0.5%, as compared to April 2022.

For May 2022, the average monthly gross earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities in the Republic of Croatia amounted to 10 440 kuna, which represented a nominal increase of 1.9% and a real one of 0.5%, as compared to April 2022.

The highest average monthly paid off net earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities for May 2022 were paid off in Air transport activities and amounted to 12 202 kuna, while the lowest earnings were paid off in Security and investigation activities and amounted to 4 905 kuna.

The highest average monthly gross earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities for May 2022 were paid off in Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas activities and amounted to 17 889 kuna, while the lowest earnings were paid off in Manufacture of wearing apparel activities and amounted to 6 309 kuna.

The average monthly paid off net earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities in the Republic of Croatia for May 2022 were nominally 8.2% higher and really 2.3% lower, as compared to the same month last year.

The average monthly gross earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities in the Republic of Croatia for May 2022 were nominally 9.3% higher and really 1.4% lower, as compared to the same month last year.

For the period from January to May 2022, the average monthly paid off net earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities in the Republic of Croatia amounted to 7 538 kuna, which represented a nominal increase of 6.6%, but a real decrease of 1.2%, as compared to the same period of 2021.

For the period from January to May 2022, the average monthly gross earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities in the Republic of Croatia amounted to 10 225 kuna, which represented a nominal increase of 7.6%, but a real decrease of 0.3%, as compared to the same period of 2021.

In May 2022, there were 175 paid hours on average, which means that they increased by 4.8%, as compared to April 2022. The greatest number of paid hours was recorded in Human health activities (190) and the smallest one in Social work activities without accommodation (159).

The average monthly paid off net earnings per hour for May 2022 amounted to 43.01 kuna, which was 2.7% lower than in April 2022. As compared to the same month last year, they increased by 3.5%.

The average monthly gross earnings per hour for May 2022 amounted to 58.40 kuna, which was 2.7% lower than in April 2022. As compared to the same month last year, they increased by 4.5%.

Median net earnings for May 2022 amounted to 6 490 kuna, while median gross earnings amounted to 8 501 kuna.

Detailed data can be downloaded on the link Statistics in Line.

 

1 AVERAGE MONTHLY NET AND GROSS EARNINGS FOR MAY 2022

      V 2022 I – V 2022 Indices
V 2022
IV 2022
V 2022
V 2021
I – V 2022
I – V 2021
Net earnings            
Average monthly paid off net earnings per employee, kuna  7 690  7 538 101,9 108,2 106,6
Real net earnings per employee        100,5 97,7 98,8
Gross earnings             
Average monthly gross earnings per employee, kuna  10 440  10 225 101,9 109,3 107,6
Real gross earnings per employee         100,5 98,6 99,7
Net earnings per hour             
Average paid off net earnings per hour, kuna 43,01 43,36 97,3 103,5 106,4
Real net earnings per hour        96,0 93,4 98,6
Gross earnings per hour              
Average monthly gross earnings per hour, kuna 58,40 58,82 97,3 104,5 107,3
Real gross earnings per hour        96,0 94,3 99,4

2 DISTRIBUTION OF NET AND GROSS EARNINGS, BY QUARTILES, FOR MAY 2022

      V 2022
Net earnings, kuna Gross earnings, kuna
First (lower) quartile  4 959  6 231
Second quartile (median)  6 490  8 501
Third (upper) quartile  8 833  11 914
Fourth quartile z z

3 DISTRIBUTION OF NET AND GROSS EARNINGS, BY DECILES, FOR MAY 2022

      V 2022
Net earnings, kuna Gross earnings, kuna
First decile  4 182  5 162
Second decile  4 733  6 000
Third decile  5 170  6 610
Fourth decile  5 800  7 497
Fifth decile (median)  6 490  8 501
Sixth decile  7 295  9 742
Seventh decile  8 267  11 132
Eighth decile  9 505  12 931
Ninth decile  11 895  16 655
Tenth decile z z

4 PAID OFF NON-TAXABLE INCOMES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007.1), MAY 2022

       
         V 2022
Average non-taxable income by number of receivers, kuna Average non-taxable income by number of persons in employment who received earnings, kuna
  Total   607   6
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing   518   9
B Mining and quarrying   633   14
C Manufacturing   576   6
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply   598   5
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities   448   7
F Construction   738   7
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   543   3
H Transportation and storage   484   4
I Accommodation and food service activities   478   6
J Information and communication   636   3
K Financial and insurance activities   436   1
L Real estate activities   712   4
M Professional, scientific and technical activities   500   7
N Administrative and support service activities   557   24
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security   612   4
P Education   664   1
Q Human health and social work activities   939   11
R Arts, entertainment and recreation   644   2
S Other service activities  1 156   9

1) Activity sections T (Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services – producing activities of households for own use) and U (Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies) as well as their divisions are not presented in this First Release since they were not covered by the survey.

NKD 2007. activity sections

A Agriculture, forestry and fishing
B Mining and quarrying
C Manufacturing
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
F Construction
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
H Transportation and storage
I Accommodation and food service activities
J Information and communication
K Financial and insurance activities
L Real estate activities
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
N Administrative and support service activities
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
P Education
Q Human health and social work activities
R Arts, entertainment and recreation
S Other service activities

 

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

Data sources

Data on monthly net and gross earnings as well as data on paid hours were gathered by processing data from the Report on Income, Income Tax and Surtax as well as Contributions for Mandatory Insurances (JOPPD form), in effect since 1 January 2014.

All persons or entities that are the payers of income for which the income tax regulations prescribe the obligation of accounting and paying deduction tax are under the obligation to submit the JOPPD form.

Coverage and comparability

Data comprise persons in employment in legal entities of all types of ownership, government bodies, and bodies of local and regional self-government units, on the territory of the Republic of Croatia.

Persons employed in crafts and trades and free lances and employed insured persons – private farmers are not covered, so data on their pays are not included in the data on average earnings.

Data on monthly net and gross earnings of persons employed in legal entities include net and gross earnings of persons in permanent employment, irrespective of the kind of employment and number of working-hours.

Persons in part-time employment who received earnings are expressed in full-time equivalent.

Data on monthly net and gross earnings are presented according to realised pay-offs in the current for the previous month, which is in line with the pay-off dynamics in most legal entities, so the average earnings refer to the month for which the pay-off has been received. It does not apply to paid-off non-taxable incomes.

Non-taxable incomes received by person in employment are presented in table 4.

The following non-taxable incomes are covered, according to codes on the JOPPD form:

Code 21 – gift for a child younger than 15 and benefit for a newborn, up to a prescribed amount
Code 22 – occasional bonuses (Christmas bonus, annual leave bonus, etc.), up to a prescribed amount
Code 24 – supplements for seafarers, up to a prescribed amount
Code 25 – compensation for living separately from family, up to a prescribed amount
Code 26 – severance, up to a prescribed amount
Code 60 – jubilee payments to persons in employment depending on years of service, up to a prescribed amount
Code 61 – occasional bonuses (Christmas bonus, annual leave bonus, etc.) for previous taxation periods (subsequent payments), up to a prescribed amount
Code 62 – expenses for food and accommodation of seasonal workers, according to Article 7, Item 35, of the Income Tax Ordinance
Code 63 – pecuniary awards for performance results and other types of additional awarding of persons in employment (supplemental earnings, supplements to monthly earnings, etc.)
Code 64 – expenses for accommodation and food of persons engaged in occasional seasonal agricultural works, according to Article 6, Item 10, of the Income Tax Ordinance
Code 65 – pecuniary lump-sum reimbursements for covering food costs of persons in employment, up to a prescribed amount
Code 66 – food expanses for persons in employment emerged during employment with the employer based on authentic documentation, up to a prescribed amount
Code 67 – accommodation expenses for persons in employment emerged during employment with the employer based on authentic documentation, paid through cashless transaction
Code 68 – accommodation expenses for persons in employment emerged during employment with the employer based on authentic documentation, transmitted to worker’s account
Code 69 – reimbursements for expanses of hospitality, tourist and other services rendered during workers’ vacation, pursuant to regulations determined by the ministry in charge for tourism
Code 70 – reimbursements for expanses of regular care for workers’ children in institutions of pre-school education as well as in other legal entities or natural persons (kindergartens etc.)
Code 71 – premiums of supplemental and additional health insurance – in effect since 2020.

Data from January 2016 and onwards are not comparable to previously published monthly data.

Definitions

Average monthly paid off net earnings comprise income of a person in employment earned for work done during regular working hours as well as annual leave, paid leave, public holidays and day-offs as prescribed by law, sickness leave up to 42 days, absence for continuing professional education, during lay-off and job stop caused against person’s will and of no fault of his own and net pays on the basis of compensations, allowances and rewards in sums which are subjects to contributions, taxes and surtaxes.

Average monthly gross earnings include all kinds of net pays on the basis of employment and the following mandatory allocations: pension insurance contributions, income tax and surtax on income tax.

Number of paid hours is a number of hours for which persons in employment were paid. They include hours actually worked (hours done during regular working time and overtime hours) and hours not actually worked (annual leave, holidays, sick leave lasting less than 42 days and other paid hours not actually done). Paid hours do not include working hours not actually worked which are paid outside a legal entity (sick leave hours lasting over 42 days, maternity leave hours, hours of shorter working time done by parents, etc.).

Average monthly net and gross earnings per person in employment are calculated by dividing the total of pay-offs with the number of persons in employment expressed in full-time equivalent.

Average monthly net and gross earnings per paid hour are calculated by dividing the total of pay-offs with the total number of paid hours.

Indices of nominal net and gross earnings are calculated from the data on average monthly net and gross earnings for the respective months and year.

Real indices of net and gross earnings are calculated by dividing index of nominal net and gross earnings with a consumer price index for the respective month and year.

Median monthly net and gross earnings are calculated by determining a mean after earnings of persons in employment have been rank-ordered from the lowest to the highest one and shows that 50% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or lower than that amount (median) and another 50% get earnings that are equal to or higher than that amount (median).

Quartile monthly net and gross earnings are calculated by dividing the earnings of persons in employment into four equal parts after they have been rank-ordered from the lowest to the highest one. Then the amount is selected below which 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of the earnings of persons in employment are placed. They can be divided to first (lower) quartile, second quartile (median), third (upper) quartile and fourth quartile.

The first (lower) quartile indicates that 25% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or lower than the first quartile, while 75% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or higher than the first quartile.

The third (upper) quartile indicates that 75% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or lower than the third quartile, while 25% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or higher than the third quartile.

Decile monthly net and gross earnings are calculated by dividing earnings of persons in employment into ten equal parts after they have been rank-ordered from the lowest to the highest one. Then the amount is selected below which 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90% and 100% of earnings of persons in employment are placed.

The first decile includes persons in employment with the lowest monthly earnings and indicates that 10% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or lower than the first decile, while 90% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or higher than that amount. The second decile includes persons in employment who get earnings that are higher than those included in the first decile and lower than those included in the third decile, etc.

Abbreviations

NKD 2007. National Classification of Activities, 2007 version
z data are not published for confidentiality reasons

 

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80.
Phone: (+385 1) 4806-111
Press corner: press@dzs.hr

Persons responsible:
Dubravka Rogić Hadžalić, Director of Demographic and Social Statistics Directorate
Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Katarina Litva and Zdenka Mandarić


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