First Release

Year: LIX.
Zagreb, 20 May 2022
RAD-2022-1-1/3

ISSN 1334-0557

AVERAGE MONTHLY NET AND GROSS EARNINGS OF PERSONS IN PAID EMPLOYMENT FOR MARCH 2022

For March 2022, the average monthly paid off net earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities in the Republic of Croatia amounted to 7 607 kuna, which represented a nominal increase of 2.1% while in real terms it remained the same, as compared to February 2022.

For March 2022, the average monthly gross earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities in the Republic of Croatia amounted to 10 328 kuna, which represented a nominal increase of 2.2% and a real one of 0.1%, as compared to February 2022.

The highest average monthly paid off net earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities for March 2022 were paid off in the Information service activities and amounted to 15 360 kuna, while the lowest earnings were paid off in the activity Security and investigation activities and amounted to 4 867 kuna.

The highest average monthly gross earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities for March 2022 were paid off in the Information service activities and amounted to 23 663 kuna, while the lowest earnings were paid off in the activity Security and investigation activities and amounted to 6 278 kuna.

The average monthly paid off net earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities in the Republic of Croatia for March 2022 were nominally higher by 6.6% and really lower by 0.7%, as compared to the same month last year.

The average monthly gross earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities in the Republic of Croatia for March 2022 were nominally higher by 7.6% and really by 0.3%, as compared to the same month last year.

In the period from January to March 2022, the average monthly paid off net earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities in the Republic of Croatia amounted to 7 481 kuna, which represented a nominal increase and of 6.1% and a real decrease of 0.3%, as compared to the same period of 2021.

In the period from January to March 2022, the average monthly gross earnings per person in paid employment in legal entities in the Republic of Croatia amounted to 10 143 kuna, which represented a nominal increase of 7.0% and real one of 0.6%, as compared to the same period of 2021.

In March 2022, there were 183 paid hours on average, which means that they increased by 15.8%, as compared to February 2022. The greatest number of paid hours was recorded in the activity Water transport (191) and the smallest one in Social work activities without accommodation (167).

The average monthly paid off net earnings per hour for March 2022 amounted to 40.96 kuna, which was 10.7% lower than in February 2022. As compared to the same month last year, they increased by 6.4%.

The average monthly gross earnings per hour for March 2022 amounted to 55.61 kuna, which was 10.7% lower than in February 2022. As compared to the same month last year, they increased by 7.5%.

Median net earnings for March 2022 amounted to 6 352 kuna, while median gross earnings amounted to 8 302 kuna.

Detailed data can be downloaded on the link Statistics in Line.

1 AVERAGE MONTHLY NET AND GROSS EARNINGS FOR MARCH 2022

        III 2022 I – III 2022 Indices
III 2022
II 2022
III 2022
III 2021
I – III 2022
I – III 2021
Net earnings             
Average monthly paid off net earnings per employee, kuna 7 607 7 481 102,1 106,6 106,1
Real net earnings per employee           100,0 99,3 99,7
Gross earnings             
Average monthly gross earnings per employee, kuna 10 328 10 143 102,2 107,6 107,0
Real gross earnings per employee         100,1 100,3 100,6
Net earnings per hour               
Average paid off net earnings per hour, kuna 40,96 43,20 89,3 106,4 105,9
Real net earnings per hour         87,5 99,2 99,5
Gross earnings per hour              
Average monthly gross earnings per hour, kuna 55,61 58,57 89,3 107,5 106,8
Real gross earnings per hour        87,5 100,2 100,4

2 DISTRIBUTION OF NET AND GROSS EARNINGS, BY QUARTILES, FOR MARCH 2022

      III 2022
Net earnings, kuna Gross earnings, kuna
First (lower) quartile 4 864 6 199
Second quartile (median) 6 352 8 302
Third (upper) quartile 8 586 11 535
Fourth quartile z z

3 DISTRIBUTION OF NET AND GROSS EARNINGS, BY DECILES, FOR MARCH 2022

        III 2022
Net earnings, kuna Gross earnings, kuna
First decile 4 124 5 075
Second decile 4 675 5 846
Third decile 5 070 6 473
Fourth decile 5 672 7 312
Fifth decile (median) 6 352 8 302
Sixth decile 7 160 9 500
Seventh decile 8 069 10 797
Eighth decile 9 224 12 487
Ninth decile 11 596 16 256
Tenth decile z z

4 PAID OFF NON-TAXABLE INCOMES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007.1), MARCH 2022

           III 2022
Average non-taxable income by number of receivers, kuna Average non-taxable income by number of persons in employment who received earnings, kuna
  Total  633  6
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing  462  10
B Mining and quarrying  669  17
C Manufacturing  496  4
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply  444  3
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities  488  7
F Construction  692  7
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles  508  3
H Transportation and storage  470  3
I Accommodation and food service activities  531  7
J Information and communication  545  2
K Financial and insurance activities  302  1
L Real estate activities  943  7
M Professional, scientific and technical activities  687  11
N Administrative and support service activities  568  27
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security  725  5
P Education  455  0
Q Human health and social work activities 1 125  13
R Arts, entertainment and recreation  970  3
S Other service activities 1 081  13

1) Activity sections T (Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services – producing activities of households for own use) and U (Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies) as well as their divisions are not presented in this First Release since they were not covered by the survey.

NKD 2007. activity sections

A Agriculture, forestry and fishing
B Mining and quarrying
C Manufacturing
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
F Construction
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
H Transportation and storage
I Accommodation and food service activities
J Information and communication
K Financial and insurance activities
L Real estate activities
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
N Administrative and support service activities
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
P Education
Q Human health and social work activities
R Arts, entertainment and recreation
S Other service activities

 

5 AVERAGE MONTHLY PAID OFF NET EARNINGS OF PERSONS IN EMPLOYMENT IN 20221), ACCORDING TO NKD 2007.

           Average paid off net earnings per person in employment, kuna Indices of change in average monthly paid off net earnings according to payoffs for month
For month Nominal Real
I II III I ‒ III III 2022
II 2022
III 2022
III 2021
I ‒ III 2022
I ‒ III 2021
III 2022
II 2022
III 2022
III 2021
I ‒ III 2022
I ‒ III 2021
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 8 597 8 502 8 553 8 550 100,6 103,0 102,7 98,5 96,0 96,5
84 Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 8 597 8 502 8 553 8 550 100,6 103,0 102,7 98,5 96,0 96,5
84.1 Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community 8 594 8 656 8 743 8 665 101,0 106,1 105,6 98,9 98,9 99,2
84.2 Provision of services  to the community as a whole 8 770 8 536 8 567 8 620 100,4 101,2 101,1 98,3 94,3 95,0
84.3 Compulsory social security activities 7 196 7 192 7 204 7 197 100,2 100,1 99,9 98,1 93,3 93,9
P Education 7 908 7 900 7 993 7 934 101,2 101,8 102,1 99,1 94,9 96,0
85 Education 7 908 7 900 7 993 7 934 101,2 101,8 102,1 99,1 94,9 96,0
85.1 Pre-primary education 6 255 6 288 6 373 6 308 101,4 102,5 101,9 99,3 95,5 95,8
85.2 Primary education 7 691 7 680 7 863 7 746 102,4 101,9 102,1 100,3 95,0 96,0
85.3 Secondary education 7 902 7 870 7 979 7 917 101,4 101,6 102,0 99,3 94,7 95,9
85.4 Higher education 10 840 10 912 10 883 10 879 99,7 102,0 101,9 97,6 95,1 95,8
85.5 Other education 5 881 5 846 5 987 5 905 102,4 105,1 105,0 100,3 97,9 98,7
85.6 Educational support activities 7 580 7 508 7 536 7 541 100,4 96,5 98,0 98,3 89,9 92,1
Q Human health and social work activities 9 144 8 817 8 736 8 897 99,1 101,3 101,4 97,1 94,4 95,3
86 Human health activities 9 866 9 486 9 357 9 567 98,6 100,4 100,7 96,6 93,6 94,6
86.1 Hospital activities 10 384 9 897 9 688 9 987 97,9 99,5 100,1 95,9 92,7 94,1
86.2 Medical and dental practice activities 8 771 8 701 8 765 8 746 100,7 102,7 103,0 98,6 95,7 96,8
86.9 Other human health activities 9 054 8 647 8 573 8 757 99,1 101,4 100,7 97,1 94,5 94,6
87 Residential care activities 6 388 6 198 6 256 6 280 100,9 102,7 102,2 98,8 95,7 96,1
87.1 Residential nursing care activities 5 983 5 788 5 813 5 862 100,4 102,3 101,5 98,3 95,3 95,4
87.2 Residential care activities for mental retardation, mental health and substance abuse 6 906 6 785 6 825 6 838 100,6 102,3 102,0 98,5 95,3 95,9
87.3 Residential care activities for the elderly and disabled 5 997 5 785 5 849 5 876 101,1 103,4 102,5 99,0 96,4 96,3
87.9 Other residential care activities 7 512 7 341 7 395 7 416 100,7 101,5 102,0 98,6 94,6 95,9
88 Social work activities without accommodation 6 456 6 460 6 648 6 522 102,9 107,2 105,4 100,8 99,9 99,1
88.1 Social work activities without accommodation for the elderly and disabled 5 530 5 538 5 525 5 531 99,8 102,7 103,5 97,7 95,7 97,3
88.9 Other social work activities without accommodation 6 521 6 524 6 727 6 591 103,1 107,6 105,6 101,0 100,3 99,2

1) On the basis of user requirements, we are publishing a supplement to the regular First Release issued once in three months. Data are presented at the group level (three digits) for NKD 2007. sections O, P and Q.

6 AVERAGE MONTHLY GROSS EARNINGS OF PERSONS IN EMPLOYMENT IN 20221), ACCORDING TO NKD 2007.

             Average gross earnings per person in employment, kuna Indices of change in average monthly gross earnings according to payoffs for month
For month Nominal Real
I II III I ‒ III III 2022
II 2022
III 2022
III 2021
I ‒ III 2022
I ‒ III 2021
III 2022
II 2022
III 2022
III 2021
I ‒ III 2022
I ‒ III 2021
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 11 560 11 395 11 437 11 462 100,4 103,2 103,0 98,3 96,2 96,8
84 Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 11 560 11 395 11 437 11 462 100,4 103,2 103,0 98,3 96,2 96,8
84.1 Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community 11 699 11 782 11 882 11 788 100,8 106,1 105,6 98,7 98,9 99,2
84.2 Provision of services  to the community as a whole 11 677 11 305 11 319 11 426 100,1 101,5 101,5 98,0 94,6 95,4
84.3 Compulsory social security activities 9 667 9 661 9 662 9 663 100,0 100,1 99,9 97,9 93,3 93,9
P Education 10 645 10 616 10 688 10 650 100,7 101,9 102,2 98,6 95,0 96,1
85 Education 10 645 10 616 10 688 10 650 100,7 101,9 102,2 98,6 95,0 96,1
85.1 Pre-primary education 8 263 8 301 8 417 8 330 101,4 102,9 102,2 99,3 95,9 96,1
85.2 Primary education 10 057 10 012 10 149 10 074 101,4 101,8 101,9 99,3 94,9 95,8
85.3 Secondary education 10 873 10 828 10 988 10 897 101,5 101,7 102,3 99,4 94,8 96,1
85.4 Higher education 15 264 15 356 15 260 15 293 99,4 101,9 101,8 97,4 95,0 95,7
85.5 Other education 7 817 7 757 7 966 7 846 102,7 105,7 105,6 100,6 98,5 99,2
85.6 Educational support activities 10 228 10 061 10 166 10 152 101,0 96,8 97,8 98,9 90,2 91,9
Q Human health and social work activities 12 536 12 009 11 834 12 123 98,5 101,3 101,5 96,5 94,4 95,4
86 Human health activities 13 650 13 039 12 795 13 158 98,1 100,3 100,7 96,1 93,5 94,6
86.1 Hospital activities 14 444 13 661 13 287 13 792 97,3 99,3 99,9 95,3 92,5 93,9
86.2 Medical and dental practice activities 12 007 11 883 11 951 11 947 100,6 103,1 103,6 98,5 96,1 97,4
86.9 Other human health activities 12 321 11 690 11 532 11 845 98,6 101,5 100,7 96,6 94,6 94,6
87 Residential care activities 8 238 7 938 7 987 8 053 100,6 102,9 102,4 98,5 95,9 96,2
87.1 Residential nursing care activities 7 632 7 327 7 343 7 435 100,2 102,6 101,6 98,1 95,6 95,5
87.2 Residential care activities for mental retardation, mental health and substance abuse 8 894 8 690 8 676 8 752 99,8 102,0 102,0 97,7 95,1 95,9
87.3 Residential care activities for the elderly and disabled 7 682 7 353 7 424 7 484 101,0 103,8 102,7 98,9 96,7 96,5
87.9 Other residential care activities 9 991 9 704 9 747 9 814 100,4 101,8 102,5 98,3 94,9 96,3
88 Social work activities without accommodation 8 459 8 448 8 615 8 508 102,0 107,8 105,8 99,9 100,5 99,4
88.1 Social work activities without accommodation for the elderly and disabled 7 244 7 271 7 213 7 242 99,2 102,7 103,7 97,2 95,7 97,5
88.9 Other social work activities without accommodation 8 544 8 530 8 713 8 596 102,1 108,3 106,0 100,0 100,9 99,6

1) On the basis of user requirements, we are publishing a supplement to the regular First Release issued once in three months. Data are presented at the group level (three digits) for NKD 2007. sections O, P and Q.

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

Data sources

Data on monthly net and gross earnings as well as data on paid hours were gathered by processing data from the Report on Income, Income Tax and Surtax as well as Contributions for Mandatory Insurances (JOPPD form), in effect since 1 January 2014.

All persons or entities that are the payers of income for which the income tax regulations prescribe the obligation of accounting and paying deduction tax are under the obligation to submit the JOPPD form.

Coverage and comparability

Data comprise persons in employment in legal entities of all types of ownership, government bodies, and bodies of local and regional self-government units, on the territory of the Republic of Croatia.

Persons employed in crafts and trades and free lances and employed insured persons – private farmers are not covered, so data on their pays are not included in the data on average earnings.

Data on monthly net and gross earnings of persons employed in legal entities include net and gross earnings of persons in permanent employment, irrespective of the kind of employment and number of working-hours.

Persons in part-time employment who received earnings are expressed in full-time equivalent.

Data on monthly net and gross earnings are presented according to realised pay-offs in the current for the previous month, which is in line with the pay-off dynamics in most legal entities, so the average earnings refer to the month for which the pay-off has been received. It does not apply to paid-off non-taxable incomes.

Non-taxable incomes received by person in employment are presented in table 4.

The following non-taxable incomes are covered, according to codes on the JOPPD form:

Code 21 – gift for a child younger than 15 and benefit for a newborn, up to a prescribed amount
Code 22 – occasional bonuses (Christmas bonus, annual leave bonus, etc.), up to a prescribed amount
Code 24 – supplements for seafarers, up to a prescribed amount
Code 25 – compensation for living separately from family, up to a prescribed amount
Code 26 – severance, up to a prescribed amount
Code 60 – jubilee payments to persons in employment depending on years of service, up to a prescribed amount
Code 61 – occasional bonuses (Christmas bonus, annual leave bonus, etc.) for previous taxation periods (subsequent payments), up to a prescribed amount
Code 62 – expenses for food and accommodation of seasonal workers, according to Article 7, Item 35, of the Income Tax Ordinance
Code 63 – pecuniary awards for performance results and other types of additional awarding of persons in employment (supplemental earnings, supplements to monthly earnings, etc.)
Code 64 – expenses for accommodation and food of persons engaged in occasional seasonal agricultural works, according to Article 6, Item 10, of the Income Tax Ordinance
Code 65 – pecuniary lump-sum reimbursements for covering food costs of persons in employment, up to a prescribed amount
Code 66 – food expanses for persons in employment emerged during employment with the employer based on authentic documentation, up to a prescribed amount
Code 67 – accommodation expenses for persons in employment emerged during employment with the employer based on authentic documentation, paid through cashless transaction
Code 68 – accommodation expenses for persons in employment emerged during employment with the employer based on authentic documentation, transmitted to worker’s account
Code 69 – reimbursements for expanses of hospitality, tourist and other services rendered during workers’ vacation, pursuant to regulations determined by the ministry in charge for tourism
Code 70 – reimbursements for expanses of regular care for workers’ children in institutions of pre-school education as well as in other legal entities or natural persons (kindergartens etc.)
Code 71 – premiums of supplemental and additional health insurance – in effect since 2020.

Data from January 2016 and onwards are not comparable to previously published monthly data.

Definitions

Average monthly paid off net earnings comprise income of a person in employment earned for work done during regular working hours as well as annual leave, paid leave, public holidays and day-offs as prescribed by law, sickness leave up to 42 days, absence for continuing professional education, during lay-off and job stop caused against person’s will and of no fault of his own and net pays on the basis of compensations, allowances and rewards in sums which are subjects to contributions, taxes and surtaxes.

Average monthly gross earnings include all kinds of net pays on the basis of employment and the following mandatory allocations: pension insurance contributions, income tax and surtax on income tax.

Number of paid hours is a number of hours for which persons in employment were paid. They include hours actually worked (hours done during regular working time and overtime hours) and hours not actually worked (annual leave, holidays, sick leave lasting less than 42 days and other paid hours not actually done). Paid hours do not include working hours not actually worked which are paid outside a legal entity (sick leave hours lasting over 42 days, maternity leave hours, hours of shorter working time done by parents, etc.).

Average monthly net and gross earnings per person in employment are calculated by dividing the total of pay-offs with the number of persons in employment expressed in full-time equivalent.

Average monthly net and gross earnings per paid hour are calculated by dividing the total of pay-offs with the total number of paid hours.

Indices of nominal net and gross earnings are calculated from the data on average monthly net and gross earnings for the respective months and year.

Real indices of net and gross earnings are calculated by dividing index of nominal net and gross earnings with a consumer price index for the respective month and year.

Median monthly net and gross earnings are calculated by determining a mean after earnings of persons in employment have been rank-ordered from the lowest to the highest one and shows that 50% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or lower than that amount (median) and another 50% get earnings that are equal to or higher than that amount (median).

Quartile monthly net and gross earnings are calculated by dividing the earnings of persons in employment into four equal parts after they have been rank-ordered from the lowest to the highest one. Then the amount is selected below which 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of the earnings of persons in employment are placed. They can be divided to first (lower) quartile, second quartile (median), third (upper) quartile and fourth quartile.

The first (lower) quartile indicates that 25% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or lower than the first quartile, while 75% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or higher than the first quartile.

The third (upper) quartile indicates that 75% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or lower than the third quartile, while 25% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or higher than the third quartile.

Decile monthly net and gross earnings are calculated by dividing earnings of persons in employment into ten equal parts after they have been rank-ordered from the lowest to the highest one. Then the amount is selected below which 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90% and 100% of earnings of persons in employment are placed.

The first decile includes persons in employment with the lowest monthly earnings and indicates that 10% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or lower than the first decile, while 90% of persons in employment get earnings that are equal to or higher than that amount. The second decile includes persons in employment who get earnings that are higher than those included in the first decile and lower than those included in the third decile, etc.

Abbreviations

NKD 2007. National Classification of Activities, 2007 version
z data are not published for confidentiality reasons

 

 

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80.
Phone: (+385 1) 48 06 111
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Persons responsible:
Dubravka Rogić Hadžalić, Director of Demographic and Social Statistics Directorate
Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Katarina Litva, Zdenka Mandarić and Snježana Varga


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