Data series for the four main categories of the environmental tax revenues and environmental charges are presented for the Republic of Croatia in the period from 2011 to 2020.
Tax revenues from energy taxes in 2020 decreased by 13.0% compared to 2019, but they increased by 56.5% compared to 2011.
Tax revenues from transport taxes in 2020 decreased by 13.5% compared to 2019 and by 0.01% compared to 2011.
Tax revenues from pollution taxes in 2020 increased by 272.1% compared to 2019, while they decreased by 47.7% compared to 2011. Tax revenues from taxes on resources in 2020 increased by 2.0% compared to 2019 and by 159.7% compared to 2011.
Final data will be available in the database on 19 January 2023.
1 ENVIRONMENTAL TAX REVENUES AND CHARGES, BY CATEGORIES
Sources and methods of data collection
The First Release is prepared on the basis of the Report on Own Income and Revenues in the Government, County and Town/Municipal Budgets (P-1 form) and the Report on Payments and Arrangement of Joint Budget Incomes, Particular Institutions and Trade Companies Owned by the Republic of Croatia and Incomes for Other Public Needs (P-2 and P-3 form) of the Financial Agency, as well as on the data of the Environment Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund.
Environmental tax is a tax with a physical unit (or its proxy) as a base of something that has a proven, specific negative impact on the environment and which is identified as a tax in ESA 2010.
Environmental charges are the same as fees and are defined as compulsory, non-refundable payments to the general government or to bodies outside the general government such as environment protection funds or water management. Payments for services are considered to be fees.
Environmental tax revenue means the revenue collected from taxes within particular environmental categories (energy taxes, transport taxes, pollution taxes and taxes on resources).
Energy taxes include taxes on energy products used for both transport and stationary purposes. The most important energy products for transport purposes are petrol and diesel. Energy products for stationary use include fuel oils, natural gas, coal and electricity. The CO2 taxes are also included in this category.
Transport taxes include taxes related to the ownership and use of motor vehicles, taxes on other transport equipment (e.g. planes) and related transport services (e.g. duty on charter or scheduled flights. The transport taxes may be "one-off" taxes related to imports or sales of the equipment or recurrent taxes such as an annual road tax.
Pollution taxes include taxes on measured or estimated emission to air and water, management of solid waste and noise. CO2 taxes are an exception, since they are included in energy taxes as discussed above.
Taxes on resources include taxes linked to the extraction or to the use of natural resources, such as water, forests, wild flora and fauna, since these activities deplete natural resources.
|ESA 2010||European System of Accounts, 2010 version|
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