First Release

Year: LIX.
Zagreb, 06 June 2022
OBR-2022-2-1

ISSN 1334-0557

BASIC SCHOOLS END OF 2020/2021 SCHOOL YEAR AND BEGINNING OF 2021/2022 SCHOOL YEAR

1 BASIC SCHOOLS end of 2020/2021 school year

At the end of the 2020/2021 school year, there were 880 active (self-contained) basic schools on the territory of the Republic of Croatia. They included 1 120 satellite schools and departments.

Decrease in the number of pupils has been present for a quarter of the century and 66.6% of basic schools provided school meals

At the end of the 2020/2021 school year, the number of basic schools, the number of departments and the number of pupils did not significantly change compared to the end of the 2019/2020 school year. The share of female pupils was 48.7%. Although the number of pupils did not significantly change compared to the previous year, there is still a decrease that has lasted for a quarter of the century. There were 66.3% of state basic schools and 100.0% of private basic schools that provided school meals.

The teacher/pupil ratio in the regular education in the same school year was 1 : 8.7. The same ratio in the education of disabled children and youth was 1 : 1.8. The share of women in the total number of teachers was 81.9%.

More than four thousand pupils attended classes conducted in languages of ethnic minorities

According to the methodology of statistical data collection, out of 2 000 school units, in 1 971 classes were conducted in one language: in 1 931 of them in Croatian, in 11 of them in Italian, in four of them in Hungarian, in four of them in Czech and in 21 of them in Serbian. Besides in Croatian, classes in 29 schools were conducted in languages of ethnic minorities: in six of them in Hungarian, in six in Italian, in one in German, in two in Czech and in 14 in Serbian. A total of 4 233 pupils attended classes conducted in languages of ethnic minorities: 288 in Czech, 1 657 in Italian, 184 in Hungarian, 157 in German and 1 947 in Serbian.

1.1 BASIC SCHOOLS, CLASS UNITS, SCHOOL MEALS, END OF 2020/2021 SCHOOL YEAR

     Schools1) Class units Schools providing school meals
Total Self-contained schools Satellite schools and departments Total Homogenous Combined Total Snack only Warm meal only Both
Basic schools – regular 2 000  880 1 120 18 135 16 575 1 560 1 332  525  401  406
State 1 982  862 1 120 17 972 16 412 1 560 1 314  525  399  390
Private  9  9 -  74  74 -  9 -  2  7
Of religious communities  9  9 -  89  89 -  9 - -  9
Basic schools for disabled children and youth  97  37  60  335  150  185  90  37  11  42
State  97  37  60  335  150  185  90  37  11  42

1) See Notes on Methodology.

1.2 PUPILS IN BASIC SCHOOLS, BY GRADES, SEX, COMPLETION AND SCHOOL MEALS, END OF 2020/2021 SCHOOL YEAR

                 Total Female pupils Pupils who completed school Pupils taking school meals
All 1st  –  4th grade 5th – 8th grade All 1st  – 4th grade 5th – 8th grade All Female pupils Snacks Warm meal
Basic schools – total 310 076 151 484 158 592 150 691 73 488 77 203 37 998 18 159 134 282 88 915
Basic schools – regular 308 353 150 756 157 597 150 121 73 270 76 851 37 767 18 080 131 533 87 439
State 305 697 149 147 156 550 148 904 72 531 76 373 37 579 18 006 123 927 82 070
Private 1 071  597  474  458  257  201  102  35  631  746
Of religious communities 1 585 1 012  573  759  482  277  86  39 1 008  971
Basic schools for disabled children and youth 1 723  728  995  570  218  352  231  79 2 749 1 476
State 1 723  728  995  570  218  352  231  79 2 749 1 476

1.3 PUPILS IN BASIC SCHOOLS, BY GRADES, ACHIEVEMENT AND SEX, END OF 2020/2021 SCHOOL YEAR

     Total In state schools In private schools In schools of religious communities
All Passed All Passed All Passed All Passed
Basic schools – total All 310 076 309 059 307 420 306 403 1 071 1 071 1 585 1 585
  Female pupils 150 691 150 197 149 474 148 980  458  458  759  759
Basic schools – regular All 308 353 307 377 305 697 304 721 1 071 1 071 1 585 1 585
  Female pupils 150 121 149 644 148 904 148 427  458  458  759  759
1st grade All 36 634 36 524 36 183 36 073  162  162  289  289
  Female pupils 17 769 17 704 17 568 17 503  69  69  132  132
2nd grade All 37 971 37 876 37 565 37 470  146  146  260  260
  Female pupils 18 395 18 328 18 212 18 145  59  59  124  124
3rd grade All 37 657 37 620 37 261 37 224  146  146  250  250
  Female pupils 18 446 18 427 18 252 18 233  63  63  131  131
4th grade All 38 494 38 452 38 138 38 096  143  143  213  213
  Female pupils 18 660 18 646 18 499 18 485  66  66  95  95
5th grade All 40 682 40 507 40 372 40 197  126  126  184  184
  Female pupils 20 004 19 952 19 860 19 808  61  61  83  83
6th grade All 39 937 39 758 39 628 39 449  125  125  184  184
  Female pupils 19 550 19 461 19 407 19 318  51  51  92  92
7th grade All 39 107 38 873 38 867 38 633  121  121  119  119
  Female pupils 19 118 19 046 19 001 18 929  54  54  63  63
8th grade All 37 871 37 767 37 683 37 579  102  102  86  86
  Female pupils 18 179 18 080 18 105 18 006  35  35  39  39
Basic schools for disabled children and youth All 1 723 1 682 1 723 1 682 - - - -
  Female pupils  570  553  570  553 - - - -
1st grade All  130  124  130  124 - - - -
  Female pupils  41  39  41  39 - - - -
2nd grade All  183  178  183  178 - - - -
  Female pupils  54  50  54  50 - - - -
3rd grade All  198  191  198  191 - - - -
  Female pupils  63  59  63  59 - - - -
4th grade All  217  209  217  209 - - - -
  Female pupils  60  59  60  59 - - - -
5th grade All  245  243  245  243 - - - -
  Female pupils  88  88  88  88 - - - -
6th grade All  255  250  255  250 - - - -
  Female pupils  88  85  88  85 - - - -
7th grade All  259  256  259  256 - - - -
  Female pupils  94  94  94  94 - - - -
8th grade All  236  231  236  231 - - - -
  Female pupils  82  79  82  79 - - - -

1.4 TEACHERS AND ASSISTANTS1) IN BASIC SCHOOLS, END OF 2020/2021 SCHOOL YEAR

      Teachers Teachers, FTE Teachers in Assistants, FTE
Total Women Full-time Part-time Lower grades Upper grades Lower and upper grades
Total Women Total Women Total Women Total Women
Basic schools – regular 35 482 29 071 26 971 23 126 8 511 5 945 30 662,77 25 706,68 13 116 16 671 5 695 2 513,13 2 292,89
State 35 052 28 734 26 662 22 874 8 390 5 860 30 303,52 25 421,06 12 947 16 518 5 587 2 486,41 2 267,77
Private  182  128  145  105  37  23  156,35  111,58  55  60  67  9,64  9,04
Of religious communities  248  209  164  147  84  62  202,90  174,04  114  93  41  17,08  16,08
Basic schools for disabled children and youth  970  830  805  697  165  133  861,57  742,29  231  437  302  307,87  283,87
State  970  830  805  697  165  133  861,57  742,29  231  437  302  307,87  283,87

1) See Notes on Methodology.

1.5 PUPILS LEARNING FOREIGN LANGUAGES, BY GRADES AND TEACHERS TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGES, END OF 2020/2021 SCHOOL YEAR

     Pupils by grades1) Teachers1)
Ukupno I II III IV V VI VII VIII
Basic schools – regular 417 429 37 566 39 684 39 569 60 099 63 858 61 914 58 605 56 134 5 857
English 295 229 33 416 34 818 34 497 37 738 39 991 39 311 38 328 37 130 3 548
German 94 357 3 446 3 440 3 478 17 226 18 350 17 467 15 969 14 981 1 670
Italian 23 530  490 1 203 1 313 4 351 4 726 4 383 3 688 3 376  466
French 2 619  81  63  103  523  565  537  351  396  71
Hungarian  360  51  37  57  45  35  49  51  35  27
Spanish  354  36  46  41  43  54  45  43  46  18
Czech  342  0  0  7  101  76  58  52  48  8
Slovak  286  14  38  32  28  16  24  67  67  19
Russian  27  1  2  4  4  3  7  3  3  5
Other languages  325  31  37  37  40  42  33  53  52  25
Basic schools for disabled children and youth  334 - - -  52  56  80  74  72  43
English  318 - - -  48  56  73  71  70  36
German  11 - - -  1 -  6  3  1  3
Italian  5 - - -  3 -  1 -  1  4

1) See Notes on Methodology.

1.6 SPECIAL BASIC EDUCATION, SCHOOLS, PUPILS AND TEACHERS, END OF 2020/2021 SCHOOL YEAR

     Schools1) Pupils Graduated pupils Teachers1)
Total Self- contained Satellite Departments Total Female pupils Total Female pupils Total Women Full-time
All Women
Basic art schools  131  30  37  64 18 568 11 425 2 501 1 567 2 559 1 551 1 852 1 186
Music schools  126  29  37  60 18 171 11 035 2 375 1 444 2 434 1 462 1 754 1 115
State  117  25  36  56 17 606 10 728 2 259 1 372 2 306 1 400 1 729 1 097
Private  9  4  1  4  565  307  116  72  128  62  25  18
Dance schools  5  1 -  4  397  390  126  123  125  89  98  71
State  5  1 -  4  397  390  126  123  125  89  98  71
Basic education of adults  16  6 -  10  289  150  188  112
At basic schools  5  5 - -  11  7  5  2
At other institutions  11  1 -  10  278  143  183  110  117  79  19  13

1) See Notes on Methodology.

2 BASIC SCHOOLS – beginning of 2021/2022 school year

At the beginning of the 2021/2022 school year, the number of basic schools and pupils did not significantly change, as compared to the beginning of the 2020/2021 school year. The share of female pupils was 48.7%.

The teacher/pupil ratio in regular education was 1 : 8.7. Out of the total number of repeaters, the largest share, 65.1%, were male pupils. Most repeaters attended upper grades, 71.6% of them, with the highest share in the seventh grade, 25.5%. Out of the total number of repeaters in the seventh grade, the largest share were male pupils, 70.2%. The teacher/pupil ratio in the education of disabled children and youth was 1 : 1.7. The share of female teachers was 82.2%.

Taking the pupils' age into account, it is noticeable that the percentage of pupils under seven years of age in regular schools amounted to just 2.3%. Similarly, the percentage of pupils aged 15 and over was only 0.7%. Of that, 90.8% attended the eighth grade.

2.1 SCHOOLS, CLASS UNITS AND TEACHERS IN BASIC SCHOOLS, BEGINNING OF 2021/2022 SCHOOL YEAR

     Schools1) Class units Teachers1) Teachers, FTE Teachers in
Total Women Full-time Part-time Total Women Lower grades Upper grades Lower and upper grades
Total Women Total Women
Basic schools – regular 1 986 18 270 35 238 28 958 26 607 22 895 8 631 6 063 30 343,63 25 509,38 13 058 16 585 5 595
State 1 964 18 031 34 752 28 570 26 257 22 607 8 495 5 963 29 937,77 25 182,35 12 871 16 398 5 483
Private  13  87  207  154  158  118  49  36  172,62  128,27  70  79  58
Of religious communities  9  152  279  234  192  170  87  64  233,24  198,76  117  108  54
Basic schools for disabled children and youth  96  329 1 023  869  836  725  187  144  898,61  772,09  241  472  310
State  96  329 1 023  869  836  725  187  144  898,61  772,09  241  472  310

1) See Notes on Methodology.

2.2 BASIC SCHOOLS BY COUNTIES, BEGINNING OF 2021/2022 SCHOOL YEAR

      Schools1) Class units Teachers1) Pupils
Total 1st – 4th grade 5th – 8th grade
Republic of Croatia 2 082 18 599 36 261 308 126 149 084 159 042
Zagreb  127 1 425 2 514 24 963 12 060 12 903
Krapina-Zagorje  83  610 1 121 9 280 4 447 4 833
Sisak-Moslavina  94  700 1 411 10 421 4 950 5 471
Karlovac  72  522 1 039 8 044 3 826 4 218
Varaždin  73  788 1 484 12 691 5 997 6 694
Koprivnica-Križevci  90  547 1 016 8 265 3 956 4 309
Bjelovar-Bilogora  100  557 1 063 8 131 3 879 4 252
Primorje-Gorski kotar  108 1 144 2 356 19 008 9 208 9 800
Lika-Senj  45  237  512 2 992 1 430 1 562
Virovitica-Podravina  79  408  673 5 650 2 684 2 966
Požega-Slavonia  60  334  602 5 182 2 412 2 770
Slavonski Brod-Posavina  115  708 1 322 10 561 5 013 5 548
Zadar  117  868 1 601 13 411 6 574 6 837
Osijek-Baranja  188 1 356 2 505 19 799 9 691 10 108
Šibenik-Knin  52  452  952 7 040 3 380 3 660
Vukovar-Sirmium  93  822 1 672 11 431 5 313 6 118
Split-Dalmatia  210 2 021 4 059 35 398 16 969 18 429
Istria  101  899 1 902 15 247 7 406 7 841
Dubrovnik-Neretva  67  608 1 269 9 801 4 773 5 028
Međimurje  59  600 1 107 9 257 4 534 4 723
City of Zagreb  149 2 993 6 081 61 554 30 582 30 972

1) See Notes on Methodology.

2.3 PUPILS IN BASIC SCHOOLS, BY GRADES, SEX AND YEAR OF BIRTH, BEGINNING OF 2021/2022 SCHOOL YEAR

     By year of birth
Total 2015 and after 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 and before
Basic schools – regular All 306 350 7 005 35 144 36 401 38 107 37 660 39 890 40 494 39 803 29 618 2 228
  Female pupils 149 065 3 743 17 380 17 566 18 432 18 426 19 355 19 820 19 334 14 045  964
1st grade All 36 299 6 900 27 941 1 391  55  8  3  1 - - -
  Female pupils 17 673 3 690 13 498  460  19  4  2 - - - -
2nd grade All 36 539  105 7 030 27 696 1 625  57  14  8  3  1 -
  Female pupils 17 717  53 3 798 13 223  610  22  6  1  3  1 -
3rd grade All 37 940 -  173 7 069 28 829 1 756  93  13  1  6 -
  Female pupils 18 320 -  84 3 758 13 767  661  44  2 -  4 -
4th grade All 37 566 - -  245 7 523 27 829 1 859  91  12  6  1
  Female pupils 18 361 - -  125 3 998 13 465  720  42  8  3 -
5th grade All 38 655 - - -  75 7 778 28 977 1 678  103  38  6
  Female pupils 18 637 - - -  38 4 175 13 727  638  41  17  1
6th grade All 40 646 - - - -  232 8 713 29 922 1 609  146  24
  Female pupils 19 863 - - - -  99 4 737 14 364  607  47  9
7th grade All 39 953 - - - - -  231 8 511 29 355 1 682  174
  Female pupils 19 511 - - - - -  119 4 618 14 042  662  70
8th grade All 38 752 - - - - - -  270 8 720 27 739 2 023
  Female pupils 18 983 - - - - - -  155 4 633 13 311  884
Basic schools for disabled children and youth All 1 776  6  59  157  176  192  232  272  240  260  182
  Female pupils  590  4  11  47  59  59  76  88  83  95  68
1st grade All  164  6  54  88  13  1  2 - - - -
  Female pupils  46  4  10  30  1 -  1 - - - -
2nd grade All  148 -  5  64  71  5  2 -  1 - -
  Female pupils  49 -  1  16  32 - - - - - -
3rd grade All  218 - -  5  86  97  23  5  1 -  1
  Female pupils  63 - -  1  22  30  9 -  1 - -
4th grade All  210 - - -  6  83  108  12  1 - -
  Female pupils  68 - - -  4  26  34  4 - - -
5th grade All  233 - - - -  5  89  122  15  1  1
  Female pupils  70 - - - -  2  30  35  2  1 -
6th grade All  263 - - - -  1  7  116  113  18  8
  Female pupils  98 - - - -  1  2  42  41  7  5
7th grade All  267 - - - - -  1  16  89  138  23
  Female pupils  96 - - - - - -  7  33  46  10
8th grade All  273 - - - - - -  1  20  103  149
  Female pupils  100 - - - - - - -  6  41  53

2.4 PUPILS IN BASIC SCHOOLS (INCLUDING REPEATERS), BY GRADES AND SEX, BEGINNING OF 2021/2022 SCHOOL YEAR

     Total Pupils in lower grades Pupils in upper grades
Total I II III IV Total V VI VII VIII
Basic schools – total 308 126 149 084 36 463 36 687 38 158 37 776 159 042 38 888 40 909 40 220 39 025
Female pupils 149 655 72 297 17 719 17 766 18 383 18 429 77 358 18 707 19 961 19 607 19 083
Repeaters  882  257  88  86  38  45  625  157  159  220  89
Female pupils  306  114  38  42  18  16  192  41  51  65  35
Basic schools – regular – total 306 350 148 344 36 299 36 539 37 940 37 566 158 006 38 655 40 646 39 953 38 752
Female pupils 149 065 72 071 17 673 17 717 18 320 18 361 76 994 18 637 19 863 19 511 18 983
Repeaters  856  243  85  85  31  42  613  156  155  218  84
Female pupils  299  110  38  41  16  15  189  41  49  65  34
State – total 303 259 146 581 35 831 36 069 37 523 37 158 156 678 38 250 40 326 39 600 38 502
Female pupils 147 620 71 260 17 468 17 502 18 133 18 157 76 360 18 454 19 707 19 341 18 858
Repeaters  856  243  85  85  31  42  613  156  155  218  84
Female pupils  299  110  38  41  16  15  189  41  49  65  34
Private – total 1 249  655  171  175  161  148  594  160  144  161  129
Female pupils  573  290  76  79  67  68  283  77  75  71  60
Repeaters - - - - - - - - - - -
Female pupils - - - - - - - - - - -
Of religious communities –  total 1 842 1 108  297  295  256  260  734  245  176  192  121
Female pupils  872  521  129  136  120  136  351  106  81  99  65
Repeaters - - - - - - - - - - -
Female pupils - - - - - - - - - - -
Basic schools for disabled children and youth – total 1 776  740  164  148  218  210 1 036  233  263  267  273
Female pupils  590  226  46  49  63  68  364  70  98  96  100
Repeaters  26  14  3  1  7  3  12  1  4  2  5
Female pupils  7  4 -  1  2  1  3 -  2 -  1
State – total 1 776  740  164  148  218  210 1 036  233  263  267  273
Female pupils  590  226  46  49  63  68  364  70  98  96  100
Repeaters  26  14  3  1  7  3  12  1  4  2  5
Female pupils  7  4 -  1  2  1  3 -  2 -  1

2.5 SPECIAL BASIC EDUCATION: SCHOOLS, PUPILS AND TEACHERS, BEGINNING OF 2021/2022 SCHOOL YEAR

      Schools1) Pupils Teachers1)
Total Self- contained Satellite schools Departments Total Female pupils Total Women Full-time
All Women
Basic art schools  132  30  38  64 18 557 11 439 2 670 1 612 1 898 1 211
Music schools  127  29  38  60 18 130 11 025 2 528 1 510 1 790 1 130
State  118  25  37  56 17 566 10 696 2 400 1 445 1 765 1 112
Private  9  4  1  4  564  329  128  65  25  18
Dance schools  5  1 -  4  427  414  142  102  108  81
State  5  1 -  4  427  414  142  102  108  81

1) See Notes on Methodology.

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

Sources and methods of data collection

Data are the result of statistical data processing collected through annual reports filled in by basic schools at the beginning and the end of each school year.

Statistical sheet for basic schools (Š-O/KP form), Statistical sheet for basic schools for children and youth with developmental disabilities (Š-O-SP/KP form), Statistical sheet for basic art schools (Š-O-U/KP form) and Statistical sheet for basic schools for adults (Š-O-OD/K form) are filled in by basic schools, that is, educational institutions that provide basic education.

Coverage and comparability

Statistical survey covers basic schools on the territory of the Republic of Croatia. Data are comparable to the data from the previous school years.

Definitions and explanations

Considering purpose, basic education in the educational system in the Republic of Croatia is organised as regular education and special education.

Regular education is compulsory basic education conducted using regular educational programmes. Education of disabled children and youth is conducted using specialised programmes created to meet their special needs.

Special education includes basic music schools, dance schools and basic education of adults.

School is considered any group of pupils following classes of a particular type and stage according to a uniform education plan and programme at a particular location.

Basic education lasts for at least eight years and, as a rule, it is compulsory for all children between the age of six and fifteen. Its purpose is to enable pupils to achieve knowledge, concepts, skills, attitudes and habits necessary for living and work or for further education. Aims and tasks of basic education are realised according to established educational plans and programmes.

Education of disabled children and youth is carried out in special schools and basic schools in special training-educational groups and class units within the school.

The number of basic schools for disabled children and youth equals the number of institutions for education of disabled children and youth enlarged by the number of schools comprising special departments for disabled pupils.

Basic music and dance schools prepare children for the continuation of education in secondary art schools of the same kind. The pupils are obliged to concurrently attend a regular basic school.

Adult education is aimed at providing education for adults who have not obtained an adequate education in the course of regular schooling.

Basic education of adults is carried out in basic schools and other competent institutions (public open universities).

This kind of education can be obtained by either regular attending of school or by taking exams.

Data on pupils learning foreign languages refer to all pupils learning language as 1st and 2nd foreign language and for that reason, the number is larger than the real number of pupils.  

For basic schools, the number of teachers working in one or more school units (satellite schools and departments) is given. The number of teachers and assistants shown through the full-time equivalent would correspond to the actual number of physical persons.

Data on teachers and assistants cover persons employed on contractual agreement, persons employed on working contract and persons employed on author’s contract.

Assistants are psychologists, pedagogues, special-education teachers, social workers and librarians.

Data by counties are presented according to the Act on the Territories of Counties, Towns and Municipalities in the Republic of Croatia (NN, Nos 86/06, 125/06, 16/07, 95/08, 46/10, 145/10, 37/13, 44/13, 45/13 and 110/15.), with the situation as on 31 December 2021.

The constitution and activity of basic schools is based on the Basic and Secondary Education Act (NN, Nos 87/08, 86/09, 92/10,105/10, 90/11, 5/12, 16/12, 86/12, 126/12, 94/13, 152/14, 7/17, 68/18, 98/19 and 64/20).

Abbreviations

FTE full-time equivalent
NN Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia

Symbols

- no occurrence
no data available

 

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