First Release

Year: LVIII.
Zagreb, 19 November 2021
OEN-2021-2-1/9

ISSN 1334-0557

SHORT-TERM INDICATORS OF ENERGY STATISTICS, SEPTEMBER 2021, FIRST RESULTS

In September 2021, electricity available for the inland market amounted to 1 430 GWh, including losses in the electricity network.

As for other energy products, the quantity available for the inland market also contains the quantities of energy products that may end up in warehouses, either in those of final consumers or in retail trade.

G-1. ELECTRICITY AVAILABLE FOR INLAND MARKET, SEPTEMBER 2019-SEPTEMBER 2021

1. ELECTRICTY

GWh

Supply Electricity
2020 2021
VI VII VIII IX VI VII VIII IX
Total gross production 947 989 962 1.009 906 1.008 1.028 879
Hydro power plants 389 325 309 358 427 354 367 248
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 370 446 433 421 296 426 425 402
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 72 74 73 76 81 88 84 92
Wind power plants 99 126 133 139 87 122 135 121
Solar power plants 8 10 8 7 10 10 9 8
Geothermal power plants 9 8 6 8 5 8 8 8
Total net production 920 955 931 974 880 977 1.000 846
Hydro power plants 388 323 308 357 426 353 366 246
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 352 424 413 395 279 408 405 380
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 67 68 66 71 75 80 80 85
Wind power plants 98 124 131 137 86 120 134 120
Solar power plants 8 10 8 7 10 10 9 8
Geothermal power plants 7 6 5 7 4 6 6 6
Import 828 1.078 1.010 881 931 931 1.055 1.034
Export 448 510 365 473 337 337 409 437
Energy absorbed by storage pumping 22 8 21 20 15 11 10 13
Available for inland market 1.278 1.515 1.555 1.362 1.459 1.560 1.636 1.430

2. NATURAL GAS

Supply Unit of measure Natural gas
2020 2021
VI VII VIII IX VI VII VIII IX
Production mln m3 75 76 75 49 63 66 65 63
  TJ (GCV) 2.991 3.047 2.968 1.957 2.521 2.636 2.599 2.507
Import mln m3 185 185 204 173 186 206 196 109
  TJ (GCV) 7.156 7.172 7.888 6.701 7.419 8.155 7.802 4.333
Export mln m3 3 3 3 3 16 2 6 11
  TJ (GCV) 108 104 96 93 605 68 250 425
Variation of stocks mln m3 75 63 90 18 102 90 77 -13
  TJ (GCV) 2.850 2.414 3.415 692 3.742 3.424 2.940 -619
Available for inland market mln m3 182 195 186 201 131 180 178 174
  TJ (GCV) 7.189 7.701 7.345 7.872 5.593 7.299 7.211 7.034

3. HYDROCARBONS

3.1. CRUDE OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Crude oil
2020 2021
VI VII VIII IX VI VII VIII IX
Production 49 50 49 44 45 47 47 46
Import 270 187 276 168 330 85 309 112
Export 21 56 56 39 41 45 39 34
Variation of stocks 67 -59 39 -36 112 -164 71 -96
Refinery input 231 240 230 209 222 251 246 220

3.2. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - TOTAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Petroleum products
2020 2021
VI VII VIII IX VI VII VIII IX
Production 279 319 301 307 297 320 308 288
Import 151 95 142 138 171 123 185 126
Export 181 178 157 164 195 221 135 163
Variation of stocks 5 -61 2 18 1 -111 38 -57
Available for inland market 244 297 284 263 272 333 320 308

3.2.1. MOTOR GASOLINE

"000 tonnes

Supply Motor gasoline
2020 2021
VI VII VIII IX VI VII VIII IX
Production 77 75 74 78 76 78 79 67
Import 6 4 6 11 6 6 6 5
Export 48 48 21 49 58 49 26 26
Variation of stocks -2 -19 9 4 -12 -28 -4 5
Available for inland market 37 50 50 36 36 63 63 41

3.2.2. GAS/DIESEL OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Gas/diesel oil
2020 2021
VI VII VIII IX VI VII VIII IX
Production 123 154 132 134 140 150 140 135
Import 110 59 106 99 128 88 155 87
Export 67 71 58 77 86 105 87 83
Variation of stocks 19 -39 6 -9 7 -65 27 -52
Available for inland market 147 181 174 165 175 198 181 191

3.2.3. FUEL OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Fuel oil
2020 2021
VI VII VIII IX VI VII VIII IX
Production 35 43 17 32 33 23 34 30
Import 6 - 1 4 - - - -
Export 48 39 30 2 32 31 3 33
Variation of stocks -10 - -16 29 - -9 30 -4
Available for inland market 3 4 4 5 1 1 1 1

3.2.4. OTHER PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

"000 tonnes

Supply Other petroleum products
2020 2021
VI VII VIII IX VI VII VIII IX
Production 44 47 78 63 48 69 55 56
Import 29 32 29 24 37 29 24 34
Export 18 20 48 36 19 36 19 21
Variation of stocks -2 -3 3 -6 6 -9 -15 -6
Available for inland market 57 62 56 57 60 71 75 75

4. CRUDE FUELS

4.1. HARD COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Hard coal
2020 2021
VI VII VIII IX VI VII VIII IX
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 51 - 67 71 8 72 141 6
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks -1 -62 - 15 -57 1 80 -58
Available for inland market 52 62 67 56 65 71 61 64

4.2. COKE

"000 tonnes

Supply Coke
2020 2021
VI VII VIII IX VI VII VIII IX
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 2 - 3 4 2 3 4 2
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market 2 - 3 4 2 3 4 2

4.3. BROWN COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Brown coal
2020 2021
VI VII VIII IX VI VII VIII IX
Production - - - - - - - -
Import - - 5 8 - - - 2
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - 5 5 - - - 1
Available for inland market - - - 3 - - - 1

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

This First Release is prepared on the basis of several statistical surveys, as follows: the Monthly Survey on Industrial Production and Persons Employed (IND-1/KPS/M form), the Monthly Survey on Oil Refineries (ERG-1/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export and Stocks of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (ERG-2/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks and Deliveries of Natural Gas (ERG-1/P form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks, Deliveries and Consumption of Coal and Coke (ERG-1/U form) and the Monthly Survey on Electricity Power Plants (ERG-1/EL form) as well as on the data obtained from the Single Administrative Document on export and import of goods.

The monthly data in this First Release are used for monitoring the changes in energy products according to the mentioned characteristics. Their sum for 12 months does not represent the annual balance data, due to the fast output of monthly data or to the fact that some deliveries are cancelled, which may lead to slight deviations from the monthly data. For that reason, the following sources of annual data are recommended: the annual Statistical Report entitled Energy Statistics published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics and the annual energy review entitled Energy in Croatia published by the Ministry of Environment and Energy.

Gross electricity production is the sum of the total electrical energy production by all the generating sets concerned (hydro power plants, thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels, thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels, wind power plants and solar power plants).

Net electricity production is the electrical energy supplied from a power station to a power-supply grid and it represents the difference between the electrical energy produced in a generator and own supply.

Geothermal power plants produce energy available as heat emitted from within the Earth's crust, usually in the form of hot water or steam; excluding the surrounding heat collected by the heat pumps from the ground. This energy production is the difference between the enthalpy of the fluid produced in the production borehole and that of the fluid eventually disposed of.

Energy available for consumption is the quantity of energy products available for final consumption on the inland market, including losses and stocks at final consumers and in retail trade.

Crude oil is a mineral oil of natural origin that includes a mixture of hydrocarbons and associated impurities, such as sulphur. It exists in the liquid phase under normal surface temperature and pressure and its physical characteristics (density, viscosity, etc.) are highly variable. This category includes field or lease condensates recovered from associated and non-associated gases where it is commingled with the commercial crude oil stream.

Natural gas is comprised of gases, occurring naturally in underground deposits, whether liquefied or gaseous, consisting mainly of methane. It includes both "non-associated" gas originating from fields producing hydrocarbons only in gaseous form, and "associated" gas produced in association with crude oil as well as methane recovered from coal mines (colliery gas). Manufactured gas (produced from municipal or industrial waste or sewage) is also included, while vented or flared quantities of natural gas are excluded.

Petroleum products are all products produced in petroleum refineries: refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas, motor gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil, light fuel oil, fuel oil, naphtha, white spirit, lubricating oils, bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke and other refinery products.

Other petroleum products encompass liquefied petroleum gas in NGL plants.

Import includes the quantities of energy products that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs. The quantities of petroleum and petroleum products and liquid gas that are under contracts on production realised abroad are also to be presented in this table as import. Energy products in transit through the Republic of Croatia are not presented in this survey form either as import or as export.

Export includes the quantities that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs and whether or not they are owned by a Croatian resident.

For import and export of electricity, a Eurostat definition is used which includes transit: amounts of electricity are considered imported or exported when they have crossed the political boundaries of a country, regardless of whether customs clearance has taken place or not. If electricity transits through a country, the amount should be reported as both import and export.

Variation of stocks includes stock changes at the beginning and at the end of a month in enterprises engaged in the production, transformation, import and export of energy. The difference is calculated by subtracting the state of stocks at the beginning of the first working day in a month from the state of stocks at the end of the last day in the same month.

 

Abbreviations

CHP combined heat and power generation
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
GCV gross calorific value
GWh gigawatt hour
m3 cubic metre
mln million
NGL natural gas liquids
TJ terajoule
'000 thousand

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80.
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Persons responsible:
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Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Darko Jukić, Ana Grabić, Mirjana Petanjek and Željka Oršanić Kelebuh

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