First Release

Year: LVIII.
Zagreb, 18 February 2022
OEN-2021-2-1/12

ISSN 1334-0557

SHORT-TERM INDICATORS OF ENERGY STATISTICS, DECEMBER 2021,
FIRST RESULTS

In December 2021, electricity available for the inland market amounted to 1 707 GWh, including losses in the electricity network.

As for other energy products, the quantity available for the inland market also contains the quantities of energy products that may end up in warehouses, either in those of final consumers or in retail trade.

G-1. ELECTRICITY AVAILABLE FOR INLAND MARKET, DECEMBER 2019-DECEMBER 2021

1. ELECTRICTY

GWh

Supply Electricity
2020 2021
IX X XI XII IX X XI XII
Total gross production 1.009 1.395 1.258 1.757 879 1.157 1.388 1.698
Hydro power plants 358 717 529 976 248 309 565 973
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 421 451 491 505 402 512 513 364
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 76 82 83 86 92 94 92 97
Wind power plants 139 131 145 186 121 229 208 253
Solar power plants 7 5 2 1 8 5 2 2
Geothermal power plants 8 9 8 3 8 8 8 9
Total net production 974 1.354 1.217 1.725 846 1.119 1.354 1.664
Hydro power plants 357 714 525 973 246 307 563 970
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 395 425 464 482 380 487 488 343
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 71 75 75 81 85 85 87 88
Wind power plants 137 128 144 185 120 228 206 252
Solar power plants 7 5 2 1 8 5 2 2
Geothermal power plants 7 7 7 3 6 7 7 7
Import 881 841 887 736 1.034 982 770 968
Export 473 745 602 853 437 580 581 916
Energy absorbed by storage pumping 20 4 15 6 13 29 22 9
Available for inland market 1.362 1.446 1.487 1.602 1.430 1.492 1.521 1.707

2. NATURAL GAS

Supply Unit of measure Natural gas
2020 2021
IX X XI XII IX X XI XII
Production mln m3 49 73 71 69 63 63 60 61
  TJ (GCV) 1.957 2.921 2.813 2.738 2.507 2.524 2.418 2.446
Import mln m3 173 197 179 205 109 202 193 188
  TJ (GCV) 6.701 7.619 6.974 7.945 4.333 8.015 7.699 7.497
Export mln m3 3 3 1 2 11 12 6 6
  TJ (GCV) 93 93 50 88 425 439 242 227
Variation of stocks mln m3 18 -2 -87 -83 -13 14 -67 -85
  TJ (GCV) 692 -69 -3.293 -3.157 -619 668 -2.534 -3.259
Available for inland market mln m3 201 269 336 355 174 239 314 328
  TJ (GCV) 7.872 10.516 13.030 13.752 7.034 9.432 12.409 12.975

3. HYDROCARBONS

3.1. CRUDE OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Crude oil
2020 2021
IX X XI XII IX X XI XII
Production 44 48 47 47 46 47 47 48
Import 168 90 - - 112 97 - -
Export 39 20 40 136 34 39 39 63
Variation of stocks -36 -99 -76 -118 -96 -121 -13 -45
Refinery input 209 217 83 29 220 226 21 30

3.2. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - TOTAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Petroleum products
2020 2021
IX X XI XII IX X XI XII
Production 307 290 115 41 288 297 34 44
Import 138 152 202 234 126 196 313 312
Export 164 156 142 76 163 174 97 102
Variation of stocks 18 29 -51 -5 -57 41 5 25
Available for inland market 263 257 226 204 308 278 245 229

3.2.1. MOTOR GASOLINE

"000 tonnes

Supply Motor gasoline
2020 2021
IX X XI XII IX X XI XII
Production 78 75 25 20 67 79 5 13
Import 11 13 9 5 5 4 38 30
Export 49 11 14 8 26 25 8 11
Variation of stocks 4 45 -11 -9 5 24 8 -1
Available for inland market 36 32 31 26 41 34 27 33

3.2.2. GAS/DIESEL OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Gas/diesel oil
2020 2021
IX X XI XII IX X XI XII
Production 134 125 50 12 135 128 10 6
Import 99 96 162 202 87 148 221 235
Export 77 86 66 54 83 77 68 71
Variation of stocks -9 -21 -12 19 -52 22 8 34
Available for inland market 165 156 158 141 191 177 155 136

3.2.3. FUEL OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Fuel oil
2020 2021
IX X XI XII IX X XI XII
Production 32 35 9 2 30 8 9 21
Import 4 5 3 3 - 2 1 1
Export 2 32 33 5 33 35 6 13
Variation of stocks 29 2 -25 -3 -4 -26 - 6
Available for inland market 5 6 4 3 1 1 4 3

3.2.4. OTHER PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

"000 tonnes 

Supply Other petroleum products
2020 2021
IX X XI XII IX X XI XII
Production 63 55 31 7 56 82 10 4
Import 24 38 28 24 34 42 53 46
Export 36 27 29 9 21 37 15 7
Variation of stocks -6 3 -3 -12 -6 21 -11 -14
Available for inland market 57 63 33 34 75 66 59 57

4. CRUDE FUELS

4.1. HARD COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Hard coal
2020 2021
IX X XI XII IX X XI XII
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 71 72 79 73 6 67 76 73
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks 15 14 12 10 -58 - 9 15
Available for inland market 56 58 67 63 64 67 67 58

4.2. COKE

"000 tonnes

Supply Coke
2020 2021
IX X XI XII IX X XI XII
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 4 3 4 3 2 3 2 3
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market 4 3 4 3 2 3 2 3

4.3. BROWN COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Brown coal
2020 2021
IX X XI XII IX X XI XII
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 8 2 2 - 2 1 1 -
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks 5 -4 -4 -2 1 - - -1
Available for inland market 3 6 6 2 1 1 1 1

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

This First Release is prepared on the basis of several statistical surveys, as follows: the Monthly Survey on Industrial Production and Persons Employed (IND-1/KPS/M form), the Monthly Survey on Oil Refineries (ERG-1/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export and Stocks of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (ERG-2/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks and Deliveries of Natural Gas (ERG-1/P form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks, Deliveries and Consumption of Coal and Coke (ERG-1/U form) and the Monthly Survey on Electricity Power Plants (ERG-1/EL form) as well as on the data obtained from the Single Administrative Document on export and import of goods.

The monthly data in this First Release are used for monitoring the changes in energy products according to the mentioned characteristics. Their sum for 12 months does not represent the annual balance data, due to the fast output of monthly data or to the fact that some deliveries are cancelled, which may lead to slight deviations from the monthly data. For that reason, the following sources of annual data are recommended: the annual Statistical Report entitled Energy Statistics published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics and the annual energy review entitled Energy in Croatia published by the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development.

Gross electricity production is the sum of the total electrical energy production by all the generating sets concerned (hydro power plants, thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels, thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels, wind power plants and solar power plants).

Net electricity production is the electrical energy supplied from a power station to a power-supply grid and it represents the difference between the electrical energy produced in a generator and own supply.

Geothermal power plants produce energy available as heat emitted from within the Earth's crust, usually in the form of hot water or steam; excluding the surrounding heat collected by the heat pumps from the ground. This energy production is the difference between the enthalpy of the fluid produced in the production borehole and that of the fluid eventually disposed of.

Energy available for consumption is the quantity of energy products available for final consumption on the inland market, including losses and stocks at final consumers and in retail trade.

Crude oil is a mineral oil of natural origin that includes a mixture of hydrocarbons and associated impurities, such as sulphur. It exists in the liquid phase under normal surface temperature and pressure and its physical characteristics (density, viscosity, etc.) are highly variable. This category includes field or lease condensates recovered from associated and non-associated gases where it is commingled with the commercial crude oil stream.

Natural gas is comprised of gases, occurring naturally in underground deposits, whether liquefied or gaseous, consisting mainly of methane. It includes both "non-associated" gas originating from fields producing hydrocarbons only in gaseous form, and "associated" gas produced in association with crude oil as well as methane recovered from coal mines (colliery gas). Manufactured gas (produced from municipal or industrial waste or sewage) is also included, while vented or flared quantities of natural gas are excluded.

Petroleum products are all products produced in petroleum refineries: refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas, motor gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil, light fuel oil, fuel oil, naphtha, white spirit, lubricating oils, bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke and other refinery products.

Other petroleum products encompass liquefied petroleum gas in NGL plants.

Import includes the quantities of energy products that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs. The quantities of petroleum and petroleum products and liquid gas that are under contracts on production realised abroad are also to be presented in this table as import. Energy products in transit through the Republic of Croatia are not presented in this survey form either as import or as export.

Export includes the quantities that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs and whether or not they are owned by a Croatian resident.

For import and export of electricity, a Eurostat definition is used which includes transit: amounts of electricity are considered imported or exported when they have crossed the political boundaries of a country, regardless of whether customs clearance has taken place or not. If electricity transits through a country, the amount should be reported as both import and export.

Variation of stocks includes stock changes at the beginning and at the end of a month in enterprises engaged in the production, transformation, import and export of energy. The difference is calculated by subtracting the state of stocks at the beginning of the first working day in a month from the state of stocks at the end of the last day in the same month.

 

Abbreviations

CHP combined heat and power generation
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
GCV gross calorific value
GWh gigawatt hour
m3 cubic metre
mln million
NGL natural gas liquids
TJ terajoule
'000 thousand

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80.
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Persons responsible:
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Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Darko Jukić, Ana Grabić, Mirjana Petanjek and Željka Oršanić Kelebuh

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