First Release

Year: LVIII.
Zagreb, 21 January 2022
OEN-2021-2-1/11

ISSN 1334-0557

SHORT-TERM INDICATORS OF ENERGY STATISTICS, NOVEMBER 2021, FIRST RESULTS

In November 2021, electricity available for the inland market amounted to 1 521 GWh, including losses in the electricity network.

As for other energy products, the quantity available for the inland market also contains the quantities of energy products that may end up in warehouses, either in those of final consumers or in retail trade.

G-1. ELECTRICITY AVAILABLE FOR INLAND MARKET, NOVEMBER 2019-NOVEMBER 2021

1. ELECTRICTY

GWh

Supply Electricity
2020 2021
VIII IX X XI VIII IX X XI
Total gross production 962 1.009 1.395 1.258 1.028 879 1.157 1.388
Hydro power plants 309 358 717 529 367 248 309 565
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 433 421 451 491 425 402 512 513
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 73 76 82 83 84 92 94 92
Wind power plants 133 139 131 145 135 121 229 208
Solar power plants 8 7 5 2 9 8 5 2
Geothermal power plants 6 8 9 8 8 8 8 8
Total net production 931 974 1.354 1.217 1.000 846 1.119 1.354
Hydro power plants 308 357 714 525 366 246 307 563
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 413 395 425 464 405 380 487 488
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 66 71 75 75 80 85 85 87
Wind power plants 131 137 128 144 134 120 228 206
Solar power plants 8 7 5 2 9 8 5 2
Geothermal power plants 5 7 7 7 6 6 7 7
Import 1.010 881 841 887 1.055 1.034 982 770
Export 365 473 745 602 409 437 580 581
Energy absorbed by storage pumping 21 20 4 15 10 13 29 22
Available for inland market 1.555 1.362 1.446 1.487 1.636 1.430 1.492 1.521

2. NATURAL GAS

Supply Unit of measure Natural gas
2020 2021
VIII IX X XI VIII IX X XI
Production mln m3 75 49 73 71 65 63 63 60
  TJ (GCV) 2.968 1.957 2.921 2.813 2.599 2.507 2.524 2.418
Import mln m3 204 173 197 179 196 109 202 193
  TJ (GCV) 7.888 6.701 7.619 6.974 7.802 4.333 8.015 7.699
Export mln m3 3 3 3 1 6 11 12 6
  TJ (GCV) 96 93 93 50 250 425 439 242
Variation of stocks mln m3 90 18 -2 -87 77 -13 14 -67
  TJ (GCV) 3.415 692 -69 -3.293 2.940 -619 668 -2.534
Available for inland market mln m3 186 201 269 336 178 174 239 314
  TJ (GCV) 7.345 7.872 10.516 13.030 7.211 7.034 9.432 12.409

3. HYDROCARBONS

3.1. CRUDE OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Crude oil
2020 2021
VIII IX X XI VIII IX X XI
Production 49 44 48 47 47 46 47 47
Import 276 168 90 - 309 112 97 -
Export 56 39 20 40 39 34 39 39
Variation of stocks 39 -36 -99 -76 71 -96 -121 -13
Refinery input 230 209 217 83 246 220 226 21

3.2. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - TOTAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Petroleum products
2020 2021
VIII IX X XI VIII IX X XI
Production 301 307 290 115 308 288 297 34
Import 142 138 152 202 185 126 196 313
Export 157 164 156 142 135 163 174 97
Variation of stocks 2 18 29 -51 38 -57 41 5
Available for inland market 284 263 257 226 320 308 278 245

3.2.1. MOTOR GASOLINE

"000 tonnes

Supply Motor gasoline
2020 2021
VIII IX X XI VIII IX X XI
Production 74 78 75 25 79 67 79 5
Import 6 11 13 9 6 5 4 38
Export 21 49 11 14 26 26 25 8
Variation of stocks 9 4 45 -11 -4 5 24 8
Available for inland market 50 36 32 31 63 41 34 27

3.2.2. GAS/DIESEL OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Gas/diesel oil
2020 2021
VIII IX X XI VIII IX X XI
Production 132 134 125 50 140 135 128 10
Import 106 99 96 162 155 87 148 221
Export 58 77 86 66 87 83 77 68
Variation of stocks 6 -9 -21 -12 27 -52 22 8
Available for inland market 174 165 156 158 181 191 177 155

3.2.3. FUEL OIL

"000 tonnes 

Supply Fuel oil
2020 2021
VIII IX X XI VIII IX X XI
Production 17 32 35 9 34 30 8 9
Import 1 4 5 3 - - 2 1
Export 30 2 32 33 3 33 35 6
Variation of stocks -16 29 2 -25 30 -4 -26 -
Available for inland market 4 5 6 4 1 1 1 4

3.2.4. OTHER PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

"000 tonnes 

Supply Other petroleum products
2020 2021
VIII IX X XI VIII IX X XI
Production 78 63 55 31 55 56 82 10
Import 29 24 38 28 24 34 42 53
Export 48 36 27 29 19 21 37 15
Variation of stocks 3 -6 3 -3 -15 -6 21 -11
Available for inland market 56 57 63 33 75 75 66 59

4. CRUDE FUELS

4.1. HARD COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Hard coal
2020 2021
VIII IX X XI VIII IX X XI
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 67 71 72 79 141 6 67 76
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - 15 14 12 80 -58 - 9
Available for inland market 67 56 58 67 61 64 67 67

4.2. COKE

"000 tonnes

Supply Coke
2020 2021
VIII IX X XI VIII IX X XI
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 3 4 3 4 4 2 3 2
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market 3 4 3 4 4 2 3 2

4.3. BROWN COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Brown coal
2020 2021
VIII IX X XI VIII IX X XI
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 5 8 2 2 - 2 1 1
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks 5 5 -4 -4 - 1 - -
Available for inland market - 3 6 6 - 1 1 1

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

This First Release is prepared on the basis of several statistical surveys, as follows: the Monthly Survey on Industrial Production and Persons Employed (IND-1/KPS/M form), the Monthly Survey on Oil Refineries (ERG-1/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export and Stocks of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (ERG-2/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks and Deliveries of Natural Gas (ERG-1/P form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks, Deliveries and Consumption of Coal and Coke (ERG-1/U form) and the Monthly Survey on Electricity Power Plants (ERG-1/EL form) as well as on the data obtained from the Single Administrative Document on export and import of goods.

The monthly data in this First Release are used for monitoring the changes in energy products according to the mentioned characteristics. Their sum for 12 months does not represent the annual balance data, due to the fast output of monthly data or to the fact that some deliveries are cancelled, which may lead to slight deviations from the monthly data. For that reason, the following sources of annual data are recommended: the annual Statistical Report entitled Energy Statistics published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics and the annual energy review entitled Energy in Croatia published by the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development.

Gross electricity production is the sum of the total electrical energy production by all the generating sets concerned (hydro power plants, thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels, thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels, wind power plants and solar power plants).

Net electricity production is the electrical energy supplied from a power station to a power-supply grid and it represents the difference between the electrical energy produced in a generator and own supply.

Geothermal power plants produce energy available as heat emitted from within the Earth's crust, usually in the form of hot water or steam; excluding the surrounding heat collected by the heat pumps from the ground. This energy production is the difference between the enthalpy of the fluid produced in the production borehole and that of the fluid eventually disposed of.

Energy available for consumption is the quantity of energy products available for final consumption on the inland market, including losses and stocks at final consumers and in retail trade.

Crude oil is a mineral oil of natural origin that includes a mixture of hydrocarbons and associated impurities, such as sulphur. It exists in the liquid phase under normal surface temperature and pressure and its physical characteristics (density, viscosity, etc.) are highly variable. This category includes field or lease condensates recovered from associated and non-associated gases where it is commingled with the commercial crude oil stream.

Natural gas is comprised of gases, occurring naturally in underground deposits, whether liquefied or gaseous, consisting mainly of methane. It includes both "non-associated" gas originating from fields producing hydrocarbons only in gaseous form, and "associated" gas produced in association with crude oil as well as methane recovered from coal mines (colliery gas). Manufactured gas (produced from municipal or industrial waste or sewage) is also included, while vented or flared quantities of natural gas are excluded.

Petroleum products are all products produced in petroleum refineries: refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas, motor gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil, light fuel oil, fuel oil, naphtha, white spirit, lubricating oils, bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke and other refinery products.

Other petroleum products encompass liquefied petroleum gas in NGL plants.

Import includes the quantities of energy products that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs. The quantities of petroleum and petroleum products and liquid gas that are under contracts on production realised abroad are also to be presented in this table as import. Energy products in transit through the Republic of Croatia are not presented in this survey form either as import or as export.

Export includes the quantities that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs and whether or not they are owned by a Croatian resident.

For import and export of electricity, a Eurostat definition is used which includes transit: amounts of electricity are considered imported or exported when they have crossed the political boundaries of a country, regardless of whether customs clearance has taken place or not. If electricity transits through a country, the amount should be reported as both import and export.

Variation of stocks includes stock changes at the beginning and at the end of a month in enterprises engaged in the production, transformation, import and export of energy. The difference is calculated by subtracting the state of stocks at the beginning of the first working day in a month from the state of stocks at the end of the last day in the same month.

 

Abbreviations

CHP combined heat and power generation
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
GCV gross calorific value
GWh gigawatt hour
m3 cubic metre
mln million
NGL natural gas liquids
TJ terajoule
'000 thousand

 

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Persons responsible:
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Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Darko Jukić, Ana Grabić, Mirjana Petanjek and Željka Oršanić Kelebuh

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