First Release

Year: LVIII.
Zagreb, 17 December 2021
OEN-2021-2-1/10

ISSN 1334-0557

SHORT-TERM INDICATORS OF ENERGY STATISTICS, OCTOBER 2021, FIRST RESULTS

In October 2021, electricity available for the inland market amounted to 1 492 GWh, including losses in the electricity network.

As for other energy products, the quantity available for the inland market also contains the quantities of energy products that may end up in warehouses, either in those of final consumers or in retail trade.

G-1. ELECTRICITY AVAILABLE FOR INLAND MARKET, OCTOBER 2019-OCTOBER 2021

1. ELECTRICTY

GWh

Supply Electricity
2020 2021
VII VIII IX X VII VIII IX X
Total gross production 989 962 1.009 1.395 1.008 1.028 879 1.157
Hydro power plants 325 309 358 717 354 367 248 309
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 446 433 421 451 426 425 402 512
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 74 73 76 82 88 84 92 94
Wind power plants 126 133 139 131 122 135 121 229
Solar power plants 10 8 7 5 10 9 8 5
Geothermal power plants 8 6 8 9 8 8 8 8
Total net production 955 931 974 1.354 977 1.000 846 1.119
Hydro power plants 323 308 357 714 353 366 246 307
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 424 413 395 425 408 405 380 487
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 68 66 71 75 80 80 85 85
Wind power plants 124 131 137 128 120 134 120 228
Solar power plants 10 8 7 5 10 9 8 5
Geothermal power plants 6 5 7 7 6 6 6 7
Import 1.078 1.010 881 841 931 1.055 1.034 982
Export 510 365 473 745 337 409 437 580
Energy absorbed by storage pumping 8 21 20 4 11 10 13 29
Available for inland market 1.515 1.555 1.362 1.446 1.560 1.636 1.430 1.492

2. NATURAL GAS

Supply Unit of measure Natural gas
2020 2021
VII VIII IX X VII VIII IX X
Production mln m3 76 75 49 73 66 65 63 63
  TJ (GCV) 3.047 2.968 1.957 2.921 2.636 2.599 2.507 2.524
Import mln m3 185 204 173 197 206 196 109 202
  TJ (GCV) 7.172 7.888 6.701 7.619 8.155 7.802 4.333 8.015
Export mln m3 3 3 3 3 2 6 11 12
  TJ (GCV) 104 96 93 93 68 250 425 439
Variation of stocks mln m3 63 90 18 -2 90 77 -13 14
  TJ (GCV) 2.414 3.415 692 -69 3.424 2.940 -619 668
Available for inland market mln m3 195 186 201 269 180 178 174 239
  TJ (GCV) 7.701 7.345 7.872 10.516 7.299 7.211 7.034 9.432

3. HYDROCARBONS

3.1. CRUDE OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Crude oil
2020 2021
VII VIII IX X VII VIII IX X
Production 50 49 44 48 47 47 46 47
Import 187 276 168 90 85 309 112 97
Export 56 56 39 20 45 39 34 39
Variation of stocks -59 39 -36 -99 -164 71 -96 -121
Refinery input 240 230 209 217 251 246 220 226

3.2. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - TOTAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Petroleum products
2020 2021
VII VIII IX X VII VIII IX X
Production 319 301 307 290 320 308 288 297
Import 95 142 138 152 123 185 126 196
Export 178 157 164 156 221 135 163 174
Variation of stocks -61 2 18 29 -111 38 -57 41
Available for inland market 297 284 263 257 333 320 308 278

3.2.1. MOTOR GASOLINE

"000 tonnes

Supply Motor gasoline
2020 2021
VII VIII IX X VII VIII IX X
Production 75 74 78 75 78 79 67 79
Import 4 6 11 13 6 6 5 4
Export 48 21 49 11 49 26 26 25
Variation of stocks -19 9 4 45 -28 -4 5 24
Available for inland market 50 50 36 32 63 63 41 34

3.2.2. GAS/DIESEL OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Gas/diesel oil
2020 2021
VII VIII IX X VII VIII IX X
Production 154 132 134 125 150 140 135 128
Import 59 106 99 96 88 155 87 148
Export 71 58 77 86 105 87 83 77
Variation of stocks -39 6 -9 -21 -65 27 -52 22
Available for inland market 181 174 165 156 198 181 191 177

3.2.3. FUEL OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Fuel oil
2020 2021
VII VIII IX X VII VIII IX X
Production 43 17 32 35 23 34 30 8
Import - 1 4 5 - - - 2
Export 39 30 2 32 31 3 33 35
Variation of stocks - -16 29 2 -9 30 -4 -26
Available for inland market 4 4 5 6 1 1 1 1

3.2.4. OSTALI NAFTNI DERIVATI

"000 tonnes

Supply Other petroleum products
2020 2021
VII VIII IX X VII VIII IX X
Production 47 78 63 55 69 55 56 82
Import 32 29 24 38 29 24 34 42
Export 20 48 36 27 36 19 21 37
Variation of stocks -3 3 -6 3 -9 -15 -6 21
Available for inland market 62 56 57 63 71 75 75 66

4. CRUDE FUELS

4.1. HARD COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Hard coal
2020 2021
VII VIII IX X VII VIII IX X
Production - - - - - - - -
Import - 67 71 72 72 141 6 67
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks -62 - 15 14 1 80 -58 -
Available for inland market 62 67 56 58 71 61 64 67

4.2. COKE

"000 tonnes

Supply Coke
2020 2021
VII VIII IX X VII VIII IX X
Production - - - - - - - -
Import - 3 4 3 3 4 2 3
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market - 3 4 3 3 4 2 3

4.3. BROWN COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Brown coal
2020 2021
VII VIII IX X VII VIII IX X
Production - - - - - - - -
Import - 5 8 2 - - 2 1
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - 5 5 -4 - - 1 -
Available for inland market - - 3 6 - - 1 1

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

This First Release is prepared on the basis of several statistical surveys, as follows: the Monthly Survey on Industrial Production and Persons Employed (IND-1/KPS/M form), the Monthly Survey on Oil Refineries (ERG-1/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export and Stocks of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (ERG-2/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks and Deliveries of Natural Gas (ERG-1/P form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks, Deliveries and Consumption of Coal and Coke (ERG-1/U form) and the Monthly Survey on Electricity Power Plants (ERG-1/EL form) as well as on the data obtained from the Single Administrative Document on export and import of goods.

The monthly data in this First Release are used for monitoring the changes in energy products according to the mentioned characteristics. Their sum for 12 months does not represent the annual balance data, due to the fast output of monthly data or to the fact that some deliveries are cancelled, which may lead to slight deviations from the monthly data. For that reason, the following sources of annual data are recommended: the annual Statistical Report entitled Energy Statistics published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics and the annual energy review entitled Energy in Croatia published by the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development.

Gross electricity production is the sum of the total electrical energy production by all the generating sets concerned (hydro power plants, thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels, thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels, wind power plants and solar power plants).

Net electricity production is the electrical energy supplied from a power station to a power-supply grid and it represents the difference between the electrical energy produced in a generator and own supply.

Geothermal power plants produce energy available as heat emitted from within the Earth's crust, usually in the form of hot water or steam; excluding the surrounding heat collected by the heat pumps from the ground. This energy production is the difference between the enthalpy of the fluid produced in the production borehole and that of the fluid eventually disposed of.

Energy available for consumption is the quantity of energy products available for final consumption on the inland market, including losses and stocks at final consumers and in retail trade.

Crude oil is a mineral oil of natural origin that includes a mixture of hydrocarbons and associated impurities, such as sulphur. It exists in the liquid phase under normal surface temperature and pressure and its physical characteristics (density, viscosity, etc.) are highly variable. This category includes field or lease condensates recovered from associated and non-associated gases where it is commingled with the commercial crude oil stream.

Natural gas is comprised of gases, occurring naturally in underground deposits, whether liquefied or gaseous, consisting mainly of methane. It includes both "non-associated" gas originating from fields producing hydrocarbons only in gaseous form, and "associated" gas produced in association with crude oil as well as methane recovered from coal mines (colliery gas). Manufactured gas (produced from municipal or industrial waste or sewage) is also included, while vented or flared quantities of natural gas are excluded.

Petroleum products are all products produced in petroleum refineries: refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas, motor gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil, light fuel oil, fuel oil, naphtha, white spirit, lubricating oils, bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke and other refinery products.

Other petroleum products encompass liquefied petroleum gas in NGL plants.

Import includes the quantities of energy products that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs. The quantities of petroleum and petroleum products and liquid gas that are under contracts on production realised abroad are also to be presented in this table as import. Energy products in transit through the Republic of Croatia are not presented in this survey form either as import or as export.

Export includes the quantities that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs and whether or not they are owned by a Croatian resident.

For import and export of electricity, a Eurostat definition is used which includes transit: amounts of electricity are considered imported or exported when they have crossed the political boundaries of a country, regardless of whether customs clearance has taken place or not. If electricity transits through a country, the amount should be reported as both import and export.

Variation of stocks includes stock changes at the beginning and at the end of a month in enterprises engaged in the production, transformation, import and export of energy. The difference is calculated by subtracting the state of stocks at the beginning of the first working day in a month from the state of stocks at the end of the last day in the same month.

 

Abbreviations

CHP combined heat and power generation
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
GCV gross calorific value
GWh gigawatt hour
m3 cubic metre
mln million
NGL natural gas liquids
TJ terajoule
'000 thousand

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80.
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Persons responsible:
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Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Darko Jukić, Ana Grabić, Mirjana Petanjek and Željka Oršanić Kelebuh

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