First Release

Year: LVIII.
Zagreb, 15 October 2021
OEN-2021-2-1/8

ISSN 1334-0557

SHORT-TERM INDICATORS OF ENERGY STATISTICS, AUGUST 2021, FIRST RESULTS

In August 2021, electricity available for the inland market amounted to 1 636 GWh, including losses in the electricity network.

As for other energy products, the quantity available for the inland market also contains the quantities of energy products that may end up in warehouses, either in those of final consumers or in retail trade.

G-1. ELECTRICITY AVAILABLE FOR INLAND MARKET, AUGUST 2019-AUGUST 2021

1. ELECTRICTY

GWh

Supply Electricity
2020 2021
V VI VII VIII V VI VII VIII
Total gross production 870 947 989 962 1.050 906 1.008 1.028
Hydro power plants 338 389 325 309 678 427 354 367
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 248 370 446 433 125 296 426 425
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 83 72 74 73 84 81 88 84
Wind power plants 184 99 126 133 147 87 122 135
Solar power plants 8 8 10 8 8 10 10 9
Geothermal power plants 9 9 8 6 8 5 8 8
Total net production 853 920 955 931 1.035 880 977 1.000
Hydro power plants 336 388 323 308 677 426 353 366
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 243 352 424 413 122 279 408 405
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 76 67 68 66 75 75 80 80
Wind power plants 182 98 124 131 146 86 120 134
Solar power plants 8 8 10 8 8 10 10 9
Geothermal power plants 7 7 6 5 6 4 6 6
Import 770 828 1.078 1.010 917 931 931 1.055
Export 370 448 510 365 556 337 337 409
Energy absorbed by storage pumping 36 22 8 21 17 15 11 10
Available for inland market 1.217 1.278 1.515 1.555 1.379 1.459 1.560 1.636

2. NATURAL GAS

Supply Mjerna jedinica Natural gas
2020 2021
V VI VII VIII V VI VII VIII
Production mln m3 79 75 76 75 69 63 66 65
  TJ (GCV) 3.132 2.991 3.047 2.968 2.736 2.521 2.636 2.599
Import mln m3 152 185 185 204 126 186 206 196
  TJ (GCV) 5.923 7.156 7.172 7.888 4.947 7.419 8.155 7.802
Export mln m3 3 3 3 3 8 16 2 6
  TJ (GCV) 115 108 104 96 331 605 68 250
Variation of stocks mln m3 36 75 63 90 5 102 90 77
  TJ (GCV) 1.373 2.850 2.414 3.415 139 3.742 3.424 2.940
Available for inland market mln m3 192 182 195 186 182 131 180 178
  TJ (GCV) 7.567 7.189 7.701 7.345 7.213 5.593 7.299 7.211

3. HYDROCARBONS

3.1. CRUDE OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Crude oil
2020 2021
V VI VII VIII V VI VII VIII
Production 51 49 50 49 47 45 47 47
Import 222 270 187 276 224 330 85 309
Export 73 21 56 56 44 41 45 39
Variation of stocks -18 67 -59 39 -24 112 -164 71
Refinery input 218 231 240 230 251 222 251 246

3.2. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - TOTAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Petroleum products
2020 2021
V VI VII VIII V VI VII VIII
Production 284 279 319 301 332 297 320 308
Import 165 151 95 142 126 171 123 185
Export 202 181 178 157 197 195 221 135
Variation of stocks 23 5 -61 2 8 1 -111 38
Available for inland market 224 244 297 284 253 272 333 320

3.2.1. MOTOR GASOLINE

"000 tonnes

Supply Motor gasoline
2020 2021
V VI VII VIII V VI VII VIII
Production 52 77 75 74 78 76 78 79
Import 8 6 4 6 7 6 6 6
Export 46 48 48 21 39 58 49 26
Variation of stocks -20 -2 -19 9 8 -12 -28 -4
Available for inland market 34 37 50 50 38 36 63 63

3.2.2. GAS/DIESEL OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Gas/diesel oil
2020 2021
V VI VII VIII V VI VII VIII
Production 139 123 154 132 149 140 150 140
Import 126 110 59 106 81 128 88 155
Export 106 67 71 58 61 86 105 87
Variation of stocks 14 19 -39 6 9 7 -65 27
Available for inland market 145 147 181 174 160 175 198 181

3.2.3. FUEL OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Fuel oil
2020 2021
V VI VII VIII V VI VII VIII
Production 34 35 43 17 40 33 23 34
Import 2 6 - 1 1 - - -
Export 8 48 39 30 60 32 31 3
Variation of stocks 26 -10 - -16 -22 - -9 30
Available for inland market 2 3 4 4 3 1 1 1

3.2.4. OTHER PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

"000 tonnes

Supply Other petroleum products
2020 2021
V VI VII VIII V VI VII VIII
Production 59 44 47 78 65 48 69 55
Import 29 29 32 29 37 37 29 24
Export 42 18 20 48 37 19 36 19
Variation of stocks 3 -2 -3 3 13 6 -9 -15
Available for inland market 43 57 62 56 52 60 71 75

4. CRUDE FUELS

4.1. HARD COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Hard coal
2020 2021
V VI VII VIII V VI VII VIII
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 24 51 - 67 74 8 72 141
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks 13 -1 -62 - 59 -57 1 80
Available for inland market 11 52 62 67 15 65 71 61

4.2. COKE

"000 tonnes

Supply Coke
2020 2021
V VI VII VIII V VI VII VIII
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 2 2 - 3 2 2 3 4
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market 2 2 - 3 2 2 3 4

4.3. BROWN COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Brown coal
2020 2021
V VI VII VIII V VI VII VIII
Production - - - - - - - -
Import - - - 5 - - - -
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - 5 - - - -
Available for inland market - - - - - - - -

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

This First Release is prepared on the basis of several statistical surveys, as follows: the Monthly Survey on Industrial Production and Persons Employed (IND-1/KPS/M form), the Monthly Survey on Oil Refineries (ERG-1/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export and Stocks of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (ERG-2/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks and Deliveries of Natural Gas (ERG-1/P form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks, Deliveries and Consumption of Coal and Coke (ERG-1/U form) and the Monthly Survey on Electricity Power Plants (ERG-1/EL form) as well as on the data obtained from the Single Administrative Document on export and import of goods.

The monthly data in this First Release are used for monitoring the changes in energy products according to the mentioned characteristics. Their sum for 12 months does not represent the annual balance data, due to the fast output of monthly data or to the fact that some deliveries are cancelled, which may lead to slight deviations from the monthly data. For that reason, the following sources of annual data are recommended: the annual Statistical Report entitled Energy Statistics published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics and the annual energy review entitled Energy in Croatia published by the Ministry of Environment and Energy.

Gross electricity production is the sum of the total electrical energy production by all the generating sets concerned (hydro power plants, thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels, thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels, wind power plants and solar power plants).

Net electricity production is the electrical energy supplied from a power station to a power-supply grid and it represents the difference between the electrical energy produced in a generator and own supply.

Geothermal power plants produce energy available as heat emitted from within the Earth's crust, usually in the form of hot water or steam; excluding the surrounding heat collected by the heat pumps from the ground. This energy production is the difference between the enthalpy of the fluid produced in the production borehole and that of the fluid eventually disposed of.

Energy available for consumption is the quantity of energy products available for final consumption on the inland market, including losses and stocks at final consumers and in retail trade.

Crude oil is a mineral oil of natural origin that includes a mixture of hydrocarbons and associated impurities, such as sulphur. It exists in the liquid phase under normal surface temperature and pressure and its physical characteristics (density, viscosity, etc.) are highly variable. This category includes field or lease condensates recovered from associated and non-associated gases where it is commingled with the commercial crude oil stream.

Natural gas is comprised of gases, occurring naturally in underground deposits, whether liquefied or gaseous, consisting mainly of methane. It includes both "non-associated" gas originating from fields producing hydrocarbons only in gaseous form, and "associated" gas produced in association with crude oil as well as methane recovered from coal mines (colliery gas). Manufactured gas (produced from municipal or industrial waste or sewage) is also included, while vented or flared quantities of natural gas are excluded.

Petroleum products are all products produced in petroleum refineries: refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas, motor gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil, light fuel oil, fuel oil, naphtha, white spirit, lubricating oils, bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke and other refinery products.

Other petroleum products encompass liquefied petroleum gas in NGL plants.

Import includes the quantities of energy products that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs. The quantities of petroleum and petroleum products and liquid gas that are under contracts on production realised abroad are also to be presented in this table as import. Energy products in transit through the Republic of Croatia are not presented in this survey form either as import or as export.

Export includes the quantities that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs and whether or not they are owned by a Croatian resident.

For import and export of electricity, a Eurostat definition is used which includes transit: amounts of electricity are considered imported or exported when they have crossed the political boundaries of a country, regardless of whether customs clearance has taken place or not. If electricity transits through a country, the amount should be reported as both import and export.

Variation of stocks includes stock changes at the beginning and at the end of a month in enterprises engaged in the production, transformation, import and export of energy. The difference is calculated by subtracting the state of stocks at the beginning of the first working day in a month from the state of stocks at the end of the last day in the same month.

 

Abbreviations

CHP combined heat and power generation
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
GCV gross calorific value
GWh gigawatt hour
m3 cubic metre
mln million
NGL natural gas liquids
TJ terajoule
'000 thousand

 

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80.
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Persons responsible:
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Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Darko Jukić, Ana Grabić, Mirjana Petanjek and Željka Oršanić Kelebuh

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