First Release

Year: LVIII.
Zagreb, 17 September 2021
OEN-2021-2-1/7

ISSN 1334-0557

SHORT-TERM INDICATORS OF ENERGY STATISTICS, JULY 2021, FIRST RESULTS

In July 2021, electricity available for the inland market amounted to 1 560 GWh, including losses in the electricity network.

As for other energy products, the quantity available for the inland market also contains the quantities of energy products that may end up in warehouses, either in those of final consumers or in retail trade.

G-1. ELECTRICITY AVAILABLE FOR INLAND MARKET, JULY 2019-JULY 2021

1. ELECTRICTY

GWh

Supply Electricity
2020 2021
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Total gross production 674 870 947 989 1.101 1.050 906 1.008
Hydro power plants 337 338 389 325 598 678 427 354
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 110 248 370 446 227 125 296 426
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 76 83 72 74 81 84 81 88
Wind power plants 134 184 99 126 180 147 87 122
Solar power plants 9 8 8 10 7 8 10 10
Geothermal power plants 8 9 9 8 8 8 5 8
Total net production 662 853 920 955 1.083 1.035 880 977
Hydro power plants 334 336 388 323 596 677 426 353
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 109 243 352 424 219 122 279 408
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 69 76 67 68 76 75 75 80
Wind power plants 133 182 98 124 178 146 86 120
Solar power plants 9 8 8 10 7 8 10 10
Geothermal power plants 7 7 7 6 7 6 4 6
Import 821 770 828 1.078 923 917 931 931
Export 216 370 448 510 529 556 337 337
Energy absorbed by storage pumping 34 36 22 8 12 17 15 11
Available for inland market 1.233 1.217 1.278 1.515 1.465 1.379 1.459 1.560

2. NATURAL GAS

Supply Unit of measure Natural gas
2020 2021
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production mln m3 78 79 75 76 67 69 63 66
  TJ (GCV) 3.108 3.132 2.991 3.047 2.663 2.736 2.521 2.636
Import mln m3 150 152 185 185 233 126 186 206
  TJ (GCV) 5.824 5.923 7.156 7.172 9.115 4.947 7.419 8.155
Export mln m3 3 3 3 3 3 8 16 2
  TJ (GCV) 115 115 108 104 120 331 605 68
Variation of stocks mln m3 29 36 75 63 26 5 102 90
  TJ (GCV) 1.106 1.373 2.850 2.414 1.036 139 3.742 3.424
Available for inland market mln m3 196 192 182 195 271 182 131 180
  TJ (GCV) 7.711 7.567 7.189 7.701 10.622 7.213 5.593 7.299

3. HYDROCARBONS

3.1. CRUDE OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Crude oil
2020 2021
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production 49 51 49 50 46 47 45 47
Import 346 222 270 187 195 224 330 85
Export 27 73 21 56 34 44 41 45
Variation of stocks 116 -18 67 -59 9 -24 112 -164
Refinery input 252 218 231 240 198 251 222 251

3.2. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - TOTAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Petroleum products
2020 2021
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production 295 284 279 319 282 332 297 320
Import 99 165 151 95 109 126 171 123
Export 235 202 181 178 151 197 195 221
Variation of stocks -28 23 5 -61 -5 8 1 -111
Available for inland market 187 224 244 297 245 253 272 333

3.2.1. MOTOR GASOLINE

"000 tonnes

Supply Motor gasoline
2020 2021
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production 68 52 77 75 72 78 76 78
Import 13 8 6 4 16 7 6 6
Export 67 46 48 48 52 39 58 49
Variation of stocks -5 -20 -2 -19 5 8 -12 -28
Available for inland market 19 34 37 50 31 38 36 63

3.2.2. GAS/DIESEL OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Gas/diesel oil
2020 2021
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production 152 139 123 154 135 149 140 150
Import 62 126 110 59 58 81 128 88
Export 101 106 67 71 52 61 86 105
Variation of stocks -9 14 19 -39 -14 9 7 -65
Available for inland market 122 145 147 181 155 160 175 198

3.2.3. FUEL OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Fuel oil
2020 2021
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production 23 34 35 43 31 40 33 23
Import 3 2 6 - 1 1 - -
Export 45 8 48 39 32 60 32 31
Variation of stocks -22 26 -10 - -2 -22 - -9
Available for inland market 3 2 3 4 2 3 1 1

3.2.4. OTHER PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

"000 ttonnes

Supply Other petroleum products
2020 2021
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production 52 59 44 47 44 65 48 69
Import 21 29 29 32 34 37 37 29
Export 22 42 18 20 15 37 19 36
Variation of stocks 8 3 -2 -3 6 13 6 -9
Available for inland market 43 43 57 62 57 52 60 71

4. CRUDE FUELS

4.1. HARD COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Hard coal
2020 2021
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 8 24 51 - 5 74 8 72
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks -1 13 -1 -62 -7 59 -57 1
Available for inland market 9 11 52 62 12 15 65 71

4.2. COKE

"000 tonnes

Supply Coke
2020 2021
IV V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 1 2 2 - 3 2 2 3
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market 1 2 2 - 3 2 2 3

4.3. BROWN COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Brown coal
2020 2021
VI V VI VII IV V VI VII
Production - - - - - - - -
Import - - - - - - - -
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market - - - - - - - -

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

This First Release is prepared on the basis of several statistical surveys, as follows: the Monthly Survey on Industrial Production and Persons Employed (IND-1/KPS/M form), the Monthly Survey on Oil Refineries (ERG-1/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export and Stocks of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (ERG-2/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks and Deliveries of Natural Gas (ERG-1/P form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks, Deliveries and Consumption of Coal and Coke (ERG-1/U form) and the Monthly Survey on Electricity Power Plants (ERG-1/EL form) as well as on the data obtained from the Single Administrative Document on export and import of goods.

The monthly data in this First Release are used for monitoring the changes in energy products according to the mentioned characteristics. Their sum for 12 months does not represent the annual balance data, due to the fast output of monthly data or to the fact that some deliveries are cancelled, which may lead to slight deviations from the monthly data. For that reason, the following sources of annual data are recommended: the annual Statistical Report entitled Energy Statistics published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics and the annual energy review entitled Energy in Croatia published by the Ministry of Environment and Energy.

Gross electricity production is the sum of the total electrical energy production by all the generating sets concerned (hydro power plants, thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels, thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels, wind power plants and solar power plants).

Net electricity production is the electrical energy supplied from a power station to a power-supply grid and it represents the difference between the electrical energy produced in a generator and own supply.

Geothermal power plants produce energy available as heat emitted from within the Earth's crust, usually in the form of hot water or steam; excluding the surrounding heat collected by the heat pumps from the ground. This energy production is the difference between the enthalpy of the fluid produced in the production borehole and that of the fluid eventually disposed of.

Energy available for consumption is the quantity of energy products available for final consumption on the inland market, including losses and stocks at final consumers and in retail trade.

Crude oil is a mineral oil of natural origin that includes a mixture of hydrocarbons and associated impurities, such as sulphur. It exists in the liquid phase under normal surface temperature and pressure and its physical characteristics (density, viscosity, etc.) are highly variable. This category includes field or lease condensates recovered from associated and non-associated gases where it is commingled with the commercial crude oil stream.

Natural gas is comprised of gases, occurring naturally in underground deposits, whether liquefied or gaseous, consisting mainly of methane. It includes both "non-associated" gas originating from fields producing hydrocarbons only in gaseous form, and "associated" gas produced in association with crude oil as well as methane recovered from coal mines (colliery gas). Manufactured gas (produced from municipal or industrial waste or sewage) is also included, while vented or flared quantities of natural gas are excluded.

Petroleum products are all products produced in petroleum refineries: refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas, motor gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil, light fuel oil, fuel oil, naphtha, white spirit, lubricating oils, bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke and other refinery products.

Other petroleum products encompass liquefied petroleum gas in NGL plants.

Import includes the quantities of energy products that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs. The quantities of petroleum and petroleum products and liquid gas that are under contracts on production realised abroad are also to be presented in this table as import. Energy products in transit through the Republic of Croatia are not presented in this survey form either as import or as export.

Export includes the quantities that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs and whether or not they are owned by a Croatian resident.

For import and export of electricity, a Eurostat definition is used which includes transit: amounts of electricity are considered imported or exported when they have crossed the political boundaries of a country, regardless of whether customs clearance has taken place or not. If electricity transits through a country, the amount should be reported as both import and export.

Variation of stocks includes stock changes at the beginning and at the end of a month in enterprises engaged in the production, transformation, import and export of energy. The difference is calculated by subtracting the state of stocks at the beginning of the first working day in a month from the state of stocks at the end of the last day in the same month.

 

Abbreviations

CHP combined heat and power generation
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
GCV gross calorific value
GWh gigawatt hour
m3 cubic metre
mln million
NGL natural gas liquids
TJ terajoule
'000 thousand

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80.
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Persons responsible:
Edita Omerzo, Director of Spatial Statistics Directorate
Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Darko Jukić, Ana Grabić, Mirjana Petanjek and Željka Oršanić Kelebuh

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