First Release

Year: LVIII.
Zagreb, 23 July 2021
OEN-2021-2-1/5

ISSN 1334-0557

SHORT-TERM INDICATORS OF ENERGY STATISTICS, MAY 2021, FIRST RESULTS

In May 2021, electricity available for the inland market amounted to 1 379 GWh, including losses in the electricity network.

As for other energy products, the quantity available for the inland market also contains the quantities of energy products that may end up in warehouses, either in those of final consumers or in retail trade.

G-1. ELECTRICITY AVAILABLE FOR INLAND MARKET, MAY 2019-MAY 2021

1. ELECTRICTY

GWh

Supply Electricity
2020 2021
II III IV V II III IV V
Total gross production 1.085 1.123 674 870 1.566 1.431 1.101 1.050
Hydro power plants 398 520 337 338 935 713 598 678
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 470 306 110 248 380 423 227 125
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 72 78 76 83 75 82 81 84
Wind power plants 133 204 134 184 165 199 180 147
Solar power plants 4 6 9 8 4 7 7 8
Geothermal power plants 8 9 8 9 7 7 8 8
Total net production 1.052 1.098 662 853 1.541 1.401 1.083 1.035
Hydro power plants 396 517 334 336 933 711 596 677
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 447 294 109 243 364 402 219 122
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 65 71 69 76 70 77 76 75
Wind power plants 133 202 133 182 164 198 178 146
Solar power plants 4 6 9 8 4 7 7 8
Geothermal power plants 7 7 7 7 6 6 7 6
Import 851 868 821 770 943 900 923 917
Export 423 425 216 370 1.000 692 529 556
Energy absorbed by storage pumping 21 21 34 36 5 19 12 17
Available for inland market 1.459 1.520 1.233 1.217 1.479 1.590 1.465 1.379

2. NATURAL GAS

Supply Unit of measure Natural gas
2020 2021
II III IV V II III IV V
Production mln m3 78 82 78 79 63 70 67 69
  TJ (GCV) 3.121 3.272 3.108 3.132 2.523 2.791 2.663 2.736
Import mln m3 160 173 150 152 164 257 233 126
  TJ (GCV) 6.185 6.699 5.824 5.923 6.352 10.567 9.115 4.947
Export mln m3 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 8
  TJ (GCV) 115 121 115 115 75 88 120 331
Variation of stocks mln m3 -69 -45 29 36 -70 3 26 5
  TJ (GCV) -2.613 -1.716 1.106 1.373 -2.636 313 1.036 139
Available for inland market mln m3 304 297 196 192 295 322 271 182
  TJ (GCV) 11.804 11.566 7.711 7.567 11.436 12.957 10.622 7.213

3. HYDROCARBONS

3.1. CRUDE OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Crude oil
2020 2021
II III IV V II III IV V
Production 48 51 49 51 42 48 46 47
Import 134 167 346 222 182 233 195 224
Export 26 71 27 73 33 40 34 44
Variation of stocks 146 -78 116 -18 189 61 9 -24
Refinery input 10 225 252 218 2 180 198 251

3.2. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - TOTAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Petroleum products
2020 2021
II III IV V II III IV V
Production 31 297 295 284 16 233 282 332
Import 247 128 99 165 199 159 109 126
Export 89 93 235 202 72 89 151 197
Variation of stocks -28 111 -28 23 -58 60 -5 8
Available for inland market 217 221 187 224 201 243 245 253

3.2.1. MOTOR GASOLINE

"000 tonnes

Supply Motor gasoline
2020 2021
II III IV V II III IV V
Production 6 69 68 52 1 40 72 78
Import 24 22 13 8 7 12 16 7
Export 18 10 67 46 6 8 52 39
Variation of stocks -20 50 -5 -20 -26 14 5 8
Available for inland market 32 31 19 34 28 30 31 38

3.2.2. GAS/DIESEL OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Gas/diesel oil
2020 2021
II III IV V II III IV V
Production 12 140 152 139 1 111 135 149
Import 186 73 62 126 163 114 58 81
Export 59 52 101 106 47 53 52 61
Variation of stocks -6 19 -9 14 -24 5 -14 9
Available for inland market 145 142 122 145 141 167 155 160

3.2.3. FUEL OIL

"000 tonnes

Supply Fuel oil
2020 2021
II III IV V II III IV V
Production 5 22 23 34 9 32 31 40
Import 1 2 3 2 2 2 1 1
Export 3 4 45 8 12 3 32 60
Variation of stocks -3 16 -22 26 -2 29 -2 -22
Available for inland market 6 4 3 2 1 2 2 3

3.2.4. OTHER PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

"000 tonnes

Supply Other petroleum products
2020 2021
II III IV V II III IV V
Production 8 66 52 59 5 50 44 65
Import 36 31 21 29 27 31 34 37
Export 9 27 22 42 7 25 15 37
Variation of stocks 1 26 8 3 -6 12 6 13
Available for inland market 34 44 43 43 31 44 57 52

4. CRUDE FUELS

4.1. HARD COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Hard coal
2020 2021
II III IV V II III IV V
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 70 4 8 24 98 49 5 74
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks 15 -25 -1 13 37 -22 -7 59
Available for inland market 55 29 9 11 61 71 12 15

4.2. COKE

"000 tonnes

Supply Coke
2020 2021
II III IV V II III IV V
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 3 2 1 2 2 2 3 2
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market 3 2 1 2 2 2 3 2

4.3. BROWN COAL

"000 tonnes

Supply Brown coal
2020 2021
II III IV V II III IV V
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 1 - - - - - - -
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market 1 - - - - - - -

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

This First Release is prepared on the basis of several statistical surveys, as follows: the Monthly Survey on Industrial Production and Persons Employed (IND-1/KPS/M form), the Monthly Survey on Oil Refineries (ERG-1/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export and Stocks of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (ERG-2/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks and Deliveries of Natural Gas (ERG-1/P form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks, Deliveries and Consumption of Coal and Coke (ERG-1/U form) and the Monthly Survey on Electricity Power Plants (ERG-1/EL form) as well as on the data obtained from the Single Administrative Document on export and import of goods.

The monthly data in this First Release are used for monitoring the changes in energy products according to the mentioned characteristics. Their sum for 12 months does not represent the annual balance data, due to the fast output of monthly data or to the fact that some deliveries are cancelled, which may lead to slight deviations from the monthly data. For that reason, the following sources of annual data are recommended: the annual Statistical Report entitled Energy Statistics published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics and the annual energy review entitled Energy in Croatia published by the Ministry of Environment and Energy.

Gross electricity production is the sum of the total electrical energy production by all the generating sets concerned (hydro power plants, thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels, thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels, wind power plants and solar power plants).

Net electricity production is the electrical energy supplied from a power station to a power-supply grid and it represents the difference between the electrical energy produced in a generator and own supply.

Geothermal power plants produce energy available as heat emitted from within the Earth's crust, usually in the form of hot water or steam; excluding the surrounding heat collected by the heat pumps from the ground. This energy production is the difference between the enthalpy of the fluid produced in the production borehole and that of the fluid eventually disposed of.

Energy available for consumption is the quantity of energy products available for final consumption on the inland market, including losses and stocks at final consumers and in retail trade.

Crude oil is a mineral oil of natural origin that includes a mixture of hydrocarbons and associated impurities, such as sulphur. It exists in the liquid phase under normal surface temperature and pressure and its physical characteristics (density, viscosity, etc.) are highly variable. This category includes field or lease condensates recovered from associated and non-associated gases where it is commingled with the commercial crude oil stream.

Natural gas is comprised of gases, occurring naturally in underground deposits, whether liquefied or gaseous, consisting mainly of methane. It includes both "non-associated" gas originating from fields producing hydrocarbons only in gaseous form, and "associated" gas produced in association with crude oil as well as methane recovered from coal mines (colliery gas). Manufactured gas (produced from municipal or industrial waste or sewage) is also included, while vented or flared quantities of natural gas are excluded.

Petroleum products are all products produced in petroleum refineries: refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas, motor gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil, light fuel oil, fuel oil, naphtha, white spirit, lubricating oils, bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke and other refinery products.

Other petroleum products encompass liquefied petroleum gas in NGL plants.

Import includes the quantities of energy products that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs. The quantities of petroleum and petroleum products and liquid gas that are under contracts on production realised abroad are also to be presented in this table as import. Energy products in transit through the Republic of Croatia are not presented in this survey form either as import or as export.

Export includes the quantities that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs and whether or not they are owned by a Croatian resident.

For import and export of electricity, a Eurostat definition is used which includes transit: amounts of electricity are considered imported or exported when they have crossed the political boundaries of a country, regardless of whether customs clearance has taken place or not. If electricity transits through a country, the amount should be reported as both import and export.

Variation of stocks includes stock changes at the beginning and at the end of a month in enterprises engaged in the production, transformation, import and export of energy. The difference is calculated by subtracting the state of stocks at the beginning of the first working day in a month from the state of stocks at the end of the last day in the same month.

Abbreviations

CHP combined heat and power generation
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
GCV gross calorific value
GWh gigawatt hour
m3 cubic metre
mln million
NGL natural gas liquids
TJ terajoule
'000 thousand

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80.
Phone: (+385 1) 4806-111, Fax: (+385 1) 4817-666
Press corner: press@dzs.hr

Persons responsible:
Edita Omerzo, Director of Spatial Statistics Directorate
Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Darko Jukić, Ana Grabić, Mirjana Petanjek and Željka Oršanić Kelebuh

USERS ARE KINDLY REQUESTED TO STATE THE SOURCE.

Customer Relations and Data Protection Department

Information and user requests
Phone: (+385 1) 4806-138, 4806-154
E-mail: stat.info@dzs.hr
Fax: (+385 1) 4806-148

Subscription
Phone: (+385 1) 4806-115
E-mail: prodaja@dzs.hr
Fax: (+385 1) 4806-148

Postavke pristupačnosti