First Release

Year: LVIII.
Zagreb, 19 March 2021
OEN-2021-2-1/1

ISSN 1334-0557

SHORT-TERM INDICATORS OF ENERGY STATISTICS, JANUARY 2021, FIRST RESULTS

In January 2021, electricity available for the inland market amounted to 1 641 GWh, including losses in the electricity network.

As for other energy products, the quantity available for the inland market also contains the quantities of energy products that may end up in warehouses, either in those of final consumers or in retail trade.

G-1. ELECTRICITY AVAILABLE FOR INLAND MARKET, JANUARY 2019-JANUARY 2021

1. ELECTRICITY

GWh

Supply Electricity
2019 2020 2020 2021
X XI XII I X XI XII I
Total gross production 961 1.511 1.521 1.190 1.395 1.258 1.757 1.828
Hydro power plants 249 841 928 567 717 529 976 1.037
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 539 413 324 412 451 491 505 466
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 73 75 79 77 82 83 86 84
Wind power plants 87 173 181 122 131 145 186 232
Solar power plants 5 2 2 3 5 2 1 2
Geothermal power plants 8 7 7 9 9 8 3 7
Total net production 929 1.484 1.498 1.162 1.354 1.217 1.725 1.786
Hydro power plants 246 838 925 565 714 525 973 1.025
Thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels 519 396 312 395 425 464 482 443
Thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels 66 69 73 71 75 75 81 79
Wind power plants 86 172 180 121 128 144 185 231
Solar power plants 5 2 2 3 5 2 1 2
Geothermal power plants 7 5 6 7 7 7 3 6
Import 960 608 690 918 841 887 736 988
Export 406 629 586 413 745 602 853 1.131
Energy absorbed by storage pumping 23 4 9 24 4 15 6 2
Available for inland market 1.460 1.459 1.593 1.643 1.446 1.487 1.602 1.641

2. NATURAL GAS

Supply Unit of measure Natural gas
2019 2020 2020 2021
X XI XII I X XI XII I
Production mln m3 86 81 81 84 73 71 69 70
  TJ (GCV) 3.418 3.247 3.243 3.217 2.921 2.813 2.738 2.798
Import mln m3 189 191 198 184 197 179 205 180
  TJ (GCV) 7.315 7.390 7.675 7.099 7.619 6.974 7.945 7.077
Export mln m3 3 3 3 3 3 1 2 2
  TJ (GCV) 130 122 125 124 93 50 88 86
Variation of stocks mln m3 4 -62 -63 -126 -2 -87 -83 -65
  TJ (GCV) 180 -2.373 -2.375 -4.769 -69 -3.293 -3.157 -2.479
Available for inland market mln m3 268 331 339 391 269 336 355 313
  TJ (GCV) 10.423 12.888 13.168 14.961 10.516 13.030 13.752 12.268

3. HYDROCARBONS

3.1. CRUDE OIL

''000 tonnes

Supply Crude oil
2019 2020 2020 2021
X XI XII I X XI XII I
Production 54 52 53 52 48 47 47 48
Import 216 390 - 85 90 - - -
Export - 56 58 67 20 40 136 39
Variation of stocks -79 59 -284 51 -99 -76 -118 7
Refinery input 349 327 279 19 217 83 29 2

3.2. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS – TOTAL

''000 tonnes

Supply Petroleum products
2019 2020 2020 2021
X XI XII I X XI XII I
Production 394 395 334 30 290 115 41 10
Import 194 145 141 225 152 202 234 257
Export 195 202 248 88 156 142 76 61
Variation of stocks 61 95 -32 -31 29 -51 -5 32
Available for inland market 332 243 259 198 257 226 204 174

 

3.2.1. MOTOR GASOLINE

''000 tonnes

Supply Motor gasoline
2019 2020 2020 2021
X XI XII I X XI XII I
Production 85 90 93 10 75 25 20 1
Import 4 3 10 9 13 9 5 31
Export 28 55 49 15 11 14 8 7
Variation of stocks 21 7 11 -20 45 -11 -9 1
Available for inland market 40 31 43 24 32 31 26 24

3.2.2. GAS/DIESEL OIL

''000 tonnes

Supply Gas/diesel oil
2019 2020 2020 2021
X XI XII I X XI XII I
Production 174 161 143 13 125 50 12 2
Import 154 118 96 187 96 162 202 204
Export 104 88 97 59 86 66 54 44
Variation of stocks 40 57 -8 -1 -21 -12 19 38
Available for inland market 184 134 150 142 156 158 141 124

3.2.3. FUEL OIL

''000 tonnes

Supply Fuel oil
2019 2020 2020 2021
X XI XII I X XI XII I
Production 39 75 53 2 35 9 2 2
Import 7 - 6 6 5 3 3 2
Export 40 36 67 1 32 33 5 3
Variation of stocks 1 11 -11 3 2 -25 -3 -1
Available for inland market 5 28 3 4 6 4 3 2

3.2.4. OTHER PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

''000 tonnes

Supply Other petroleum products
2019 2020 2020 2021
X XI XII I X XI XII I
Production 96 69 45 5 55 31 7 5
Import 29 24 29 23 38 28 24 20
Export 23 23 35 13 27 29 9 7
Variation of stocks -1 20 -24 -13 3 -3 -12 -6
Available for inland market 103 50 63 28 63 33 34 24

4. CRUDE FUELS

 

4.1. HARD COAL

''000 tonnes

Supply Hard coal
2019 2020 2020 2021
X XI XII I X XI XII I
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 72 70 3 71 72 79 73 -
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks 9 20 -36 44 14 12 10 -57
Available for inland market 63 50 39 27 58 67 63 57

4.2. COKE

''000 tonnes

Supply Coke
2019 2020 2020 2021
X XI XII I X XI XII I
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 2 1 3 1 3 4 3 1
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks - - - - - - - -
Available for inland market 2 1 3 1 3 4 3 1

4.3. BROWN COAL

''000 tonnes

Supply Brown coal
2019 2020 2020 2021
X XI XII I X XI XII I
Production - - - - - - - -
Import 7 3 1 - 2 2 - -
Export - - - - - - - -
Variation of stocks -4 -6 - - -4 -4 -2 -
Available for inland market 11 9 1 - 6 6 2 -

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

This First Release is prepared on the basis of several statistical surveys, as follows: the Monthly Survey on Industrial Production and Persons Employed (IND-1/KPS/M form), the Monthly Survey on Oil Refineries (ERG-1/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export and Stocks of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (ERG-2/N form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks and Deliveries of Natural Gas (ERG-1/P form), the Monthly Survey on Import, Export, Stocks, Deliveries and Consumption of Coal and Coke (ERG-1/U form) and the Monthly Survey on Electricity Power Plants (ERG-1/EL form) as well as on the data obtained from the Single Administrative Document on export and import of goods.

The monthly data in this First Release are used for monitoring the changes in energy products according to the mentioned characteristics. Their sum for 12 months does not represent the annual balance data, due to the fast output of monthly data or to the fact that some deliveries are cancelled, which may lead to slight deviations from the monthly data. For that reason, the following sources of annual data are recommended: the annual Statistical Report entitled Energy Statistics published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics and the annual energy review entitled Energy in Croatia published by the Ministry of Environment and Energy.

Gross electricity production is the sum of the total electrical energy production by all the generating sets concerned (hydro power plants, thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels, thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels, wind power plants and solar power plants).

Net electricity production is the electrical energy supplied from a power station to a power-supply grid and it represents the difference between the electrical energy produced in a generator and own supply.

Geothermal power plants produce energy available as heat emitted from within the Earth's crust, usually in the form of hot water or steam; excluding the surrounding heat collected by the heat pumps from the ground. This energy production is the difference between the enthalpy of the fluid produced in the production borehole and that of the fluid eventually disposed of.

Energy available for consumption is the quantity of energy products available for final consumption on the inland market, including losses and stocks at final consumers and in retail trade.

Crude oil is a mineral oil of natural origin that includes a mixture of hydrocarbons and associated impurities, such as sulphur. It exists in the liquid phase under normal surface temperature and pressure and its physical characteristics (density, viscosity, etc.) are highly variable. This category includes field or lease condensates recovered from associated and non-associated gases where it is commingled with the commercial crude oil stream.

Natural gas is comprised of gases, occurring naturally in underground deposits, whether liquefied or gaseous, consisting mainly of methane. It includes both "non-associated" gas originating from fields producing hydrocarbons only in gaseous form, and "associated" gas produced in association with crude oil as well as methane recovered from coal mines (colliery gas). Manufactured gas (produced from municipal or industrial waste or sewage) is also included, while vented or flared quantities of natural gas are excluded.

Petroleum products are all products produced in petroleum refineries: refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas, motor gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil, light fuel oil, fuel oil, naphtha, white spirit, lubricating oils, bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke and other refinery products.

Other petroleum products encompass liquefied petroleum gas in NGL plants.

Import includes the quantities of energy products that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs. The quantities of petroleum and petroleum products and liquid gas that are under contracts on production realised abroad are also to be presented in this table as import. Energy products in transit through the Republic of Croatia are not presented in this survey form either as import or as export.

Export includes the quantities that crossed the state border of the Republic of Croatia, regardless of whether or not they were cleared through the customs and whether or not they are owned by a Croatian resident.

For import and export of electricity, a Eurostat definition is used which includes transit: amounts of electricity are considered imported or exported when they have crossed the political boundaries of a country, regardless of whether customs clearance has taken place or not. If electricity transits through a country, the amount should be reported as both import and export.

Variation of stocks includes stock changes at the beginning and at the end of a month in enterprises engaged in the production, transformation, import and export of energy. The difference is calculated by subtracting the state of stocks at the beginning of the first working day in a month from the state of stocks at the end of the last day in the same month.

 

 

Abbreviations

CHP combined heat and power generation
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
GCV gross calorific value
GWh gigawatt hour
m3 cubic metre
mln million
NGL natural gas liquids
TJ terajoule
'000 thousand

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80.
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Persons responsible:
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Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Darko Jukić, Ana Grabić, Mirjana Petanjek and Željka Oršanić Kelebuh

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