In March 2021, there were more tourist arrivals and nights than in March 2020
After the one-year period of the COVID-19 pandemic, in commercial accommodation establishments, in March 2021, there were 133 thousand arrivals and 360 thousand tourist nights. Compared to March 2020, there were 27.0% more arrivals and 24.2% more tourist nights.
Domestic tourists realised 88 thousand tourist arrivals and 184 thousand tourist nights, which was 103.4% more arrivals and 73.8% more nights in March 2021 than in March 2020. Foreign tourists realised 45 thousand tourist arrivals and 175 thousand tourist nights, which was 27.0% less arrivals and 4.5% less nights in March 2021 than in March 2020.
Concerning the structure of total tourist nights, domestic tourists realised 51.2% and foreign tourists 48.8% of tourist nights.
Detailed monthly data are available on the web site of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics www.dzs.hr, under "CBS Databases", where it is possible to browse and print data in various forms. Databases are updated at the monthly basis.
1) Provisional data.
Tourists from Germany realised 27.8% of foreign tourist nights
In March 2021, tourists from Germany realised the most tourist arrivals and nights, namely 13 thousand arrivals and 49 thousand nights, which was 28.7% of the total arrivals and 27.8% of the total foreign tourist nights. Compared to March 2020, tourists from Germany realised an increase in arrivals of 21.7% and an increase in nights of 68.1%. On average, they realised 3.8 nights per arrival.
Those were followed by the nights realised by tourists from Austria and Italy (7.2% each), the Czech Republic (6.0%), Slovenia (5.8%), the USA (5.5%), France (3.9%) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (3.4%).
The most tourists nights realised in hotels
The most tourist nights in March 2021 were realised in hotels, as much as 169 thousand, which was 47.0% of the total realised nights. Compared to March 2020, hotels recorded an increase in tourist arrivals of 12.3% and in tourist nights of 13.9%.
Those were followed by the nights realised in rooms, apartments, studio-type suites and summer houses, as much as 130 thousand nights, which was 36.1% of the total realised tourist nights. Just like hotels, that type of accommodation recorded an increase in tourist arrivals and nights, specifically, 52.9% more tourist arrivals and 18.5% more tourist nights.
The greatest number of rooms were available in the group Hotels and similar accommodation
In March 2021, there were 63 thousand rooms, apartments and camping sites available to tourists, with 152 thousand permanent beds.
In the group Hotels and similar accommodation, tourists had the most rooms and apartments at their disposal, as much as 25 thousand (which was 39.6% of the total number of available rooms and apartments), with 49 thousand permanent beds (which was 32.0% of the total number of available permanent beds). The average occupancy rate of rooms was 15.6% and of permanent beds it was 13.2%.
In the first quarter of 2021, there were 46.2% less arrivals and 40.9% less nights compared to the same period in 2020
In the first quarter of 2021, tourists realised 324 thousand arrivals in commercial accommodation establishments, which accounted for only 53.8% of the previous year’s arrivals, and 854 thousand nights, which accounted for 59.1% of nights realised in the first quarter of 2020.
In the first quarter of 2021, the arrival of 243 thousand domestic tourists was recorded, who realised 524 thousand nights, which was 1.7% less arrivals and 3.8% less nights than in the same period last year.
Foreign tourists realised only 81 thousand arrivals and 330 thousand nights in the first quarter of 2021, which was 77.1% less arrivals and 63.4% less nights than in same period last year. The most foreign tourist nights were realised by tourists from Germany (20.0%), Italy (9.1%), the USA (7.4%), Slovenia (6.5%) and Austria (6.3%).
1 TOURIST ARRIVALS AND NIGHTS
2 TOURIST ARRIVALS AND NIGHTS, BY COUNTIES, MARCH 2021
The purpose of the statistical survey
The purpose of the statistical survey is to monitor the tourist activity realised in commercial accommodation establishments and to provide internationally comparable data in accordance with European standards for tourism statistics. The results of this survey ensure the basic indicators necessary for the analysis of tourism in the Republic of Croatia. The basic indicators are the following: tourist arrivals and nights by country of residence, types of accommodation establishments, tourists by sex and age groups, mode of arrival as well as the number of rooms and permanent beds.
The survey is implemented on the basis of the Official Statistics Act (NN, No. 25/20) and the Regulation No. 692/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning European statistics on tourism.
The observation units are all legal entities and parts thereof, natural persons as well as households that provide short-stay accommodation services to tourists.
Sources and methods of data collection
Since 2017, the Croatian Bureau of Statistics has been taking over data on tourist traffic (the number of tourist arrivals and nights) and accommodation capacities from the Croatian National Tourist Board, extracting them from the eVisitor system, and further processes them statistically.
By publishing the Ordinance on Managing Tourist Records and the Form and Content of the Check-in Form for Checking in Tourists in Tourist Boards (NN, No. 126/15), the eVisitor system has officially become the central electronic system for checking in or checking out tourists in the Republic of Croatia, in effect since 1 January 2016.
Monthly data in this First Release are considered provisional until final data for the current year have been published. Monthly data are retrieved on the seventh day in a month for the previous month.
Coverage and comparability
Reporting units are all business entities (enterprises/trade companies, craftsmen, institutions, associations, etc.) and parts thereof engaged in providing accommodation services in tourism: health institutions for their own establishments in which persons stay for medical rehabilitation (costs are on persons themselves); business entities that founded or take care of mountain resorts; business entities that use schools, homes and similar establishments as temporary accommodation capacities during school vacations.
All accommodation establishments categorised according to the Ordinance on Classification, Minimum Standards and Categorization of Accommodation Establishments (NN, Nos 48/02, 108/02, 132/03, 73/04, 67/06, 88/07, 58/08, 62/09, 63/13, 33/14, 92/14, 9/16, 54/16, 56/16, 61/16 and 69/17) are as follows: hotels, heritage hotels, all-suite hotels, integral hotels, diffuse hotels, special-standard hotels, spa-type accommodation, tourist resorts, tourist apartments, boarding houses, guest houses, camping sites, small camps, quickstop camping, quickstop camping – Robinson-type accommodation establishments, rooms, apartments, studio-type suites, summer houses, rural summer houses, overnight accommodations, vacation establishments for children, hostels, mountain lodges, hunting lodges, pupils’ homes or students’ homes and Robinson-type accommodation establishments.
Pursuant to Article 29 of the Hotel and Restaurant Activity Act (NN, Nos 85/15, 121/16 and 99/18), this statistical survey also covers organised off-site camping sites. During sports, scout, cultural/artistic and similar events as well as during organised trips in canoes and similar vessels on sea, rivers and lakes, or by bikes etc., organised off-site camping is allowed on spaces provided for it.
Save the accommodation establishments categorised by the Ordinance, this statistical survey also encompasses the following establishments offering accommodation services: spas, inns offering accommodation services and uncategorised establishments.
Accommodation establishments in households, according to the Hotel and Restaurant Activity Act (NN, Nos 85/15, 121/16 and 99/18), are establishments in which accommodation services are provided in a room, suite, summer house or summer house – Robinson-type accommodation with the total of 10 rooms, that is, 20 beds (extra beds are not included) as well as accommodation services in camping sites, quickstop camping or quickstop camping – Robinson-type accommodation establishments with the total of 10 accommodation units, that is, for up to 30 guests at the same time, which does not include children up to 12 years of age. Accommodation services on private family farms, according to the Hotel and Restaurant Activity Act (NN, Nos 85/15, 121/16 and 99/18), means accommodation services in a room, suite, summer house or summer house – Robinson-type accommodation with the total of 10 rooms, that is, for up to 20 permanent beds (extra beds are not included) as well as accommodation services in camping sites, quickstop camping or quickstop camping – Robinson-type accommodation establishments with the total of 20 accommodation units, that is, for up to 60 guests at the same time, which does not include children up to 12 years of age.
Pursuant to the Regulation No. 692/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning European statistics on tourism, data on tourist arrivals and nights in the Republic of Croatia according to the NKD 2007., division 55, groups 55.1 Hotels and similar accommodation, 55.2 Holiday and other short-stay accommodation and 55.3 Camping sites and camping grounds are submitted to the Eurostat on a monthly basis. Data submitted on group 55.1 Hotels and similar accommodation also include information on occupancy rates of permanent beds and rooms (net). The mentioned data are published on Eurostat’s web site http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat and are comparable to EU Member States data.
The data do not include non-commercial tourist traffic (the stay of owners and their relatives and friends in villas and summer houses as well as of tourists in other establishments where accommodation service is not charged, e.g., when they are accommodated by citizens of a tourist town/municipality). Non-commercial tourist traffic is covered by a separate statistical survey.
Aggregate data for which there are reasons for keeping their confidentiality in line with the Official Statistics Act (NN, No. 25/20) and with the Regulation No. 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European statistics are treated as confidential and are not published.
Tourism means the activity of visitors taking a trip to or staying in a main destination outside their usual environment for less than a year, for the purposes of leisure, business or other personal purposes other than to be employed by a resident entity in the place visited.
eVisitor is the central electronic system for checking in and checking out tourists that serves to link all tourist boards in the Republic of Croatia. It is available via internet with no need for any additional software installations.
The tourist registry in the eVisitor system is kept separately for every legal entity and natural person offering accommodation services as part of the hotel and restaurant activity (boarding houses, hotels, hostels, etc.), or on a sea vessel as part of the nautical tourism (charter, cruising), as well as accommodation services in households and rural households.
Checking in and checking out the tourists who are entered into the eVisitor system is authorised on the basis of a secure access to the eVisitor authentication protocol which ensures the conditions for a safe and correct electronic check-in and check-out.
Establishing and running the eVisitor system is the responsibility of the Croatian National Tourist Board (CNTB).
CNTB is a national tourist organisation founded in order to create and promote the identity and reputation of the Croatian tourism, to plan and implement a common strategy and concept of its promotion, to propose and perform the promotional activities of mutual interest for all entities in tourism in the country and abroad, as well as to raise the overall quality of the entire tourist offer in the Republic of Croatia. The head office of the CNTB is situated in Zagreb. The duties of the President of the Croatian National Tourist Board are undertaken by the Minister of Tourism.
Tourist is every person who, outside his/her place of usual residence, spends at least one night in a hotel or some other accommodation establishment for reasons of rest, recreation, health, study, sport, religion, family, business, public tasks or meeting. Excluded are persons staying at their place of usual residence for longer that 12 months in succession, persons whose main reason for visiting is an activity that is financed from the place of visit, persons that travel to their work place or an education institution on a daily or weekly basis, persons coming into or going out of the country as migrants, border-line workers, diplomats, consular representatives and military force members on their regular duties, displaced persons, nomads and persons in transit.
Domestic tourist is a person permanently residing in the Republic of Croatia who spends at least one night in a hotel or some other accommodation establishment outside his or her place of permanent residence.
Foreign tourist is a person permanently residing outside the Republic of Croatia who temporarily resides in the Republic of Croatia and who spends at least one night in a hotel or some other accommodation establishment.
Tourist arrival is the number of persons (tourists) who arrived and registered their stay in an accommodation establishment. Consequently, in case tourists change the accommodation establishment they stay in, they are re-registered, which results in data ambiguity. Statistics thus register the number of tourist arrivals and not the number of tourists.
Tourist nights refer to every registered overnight stay of a person (tourist) in an accommodation establishment.
Residence is the place where a person came with the intention of permanently staying there.
Age group of tourists is presented according to the years of age at the time of a stay in a tourist accommodation establishement.
Accommodation capacities are presented as the number of rooms, apartments and camping sites, and the number of permanent beds. The application of the Regulation No. 692/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European tourism statistics means that the capacity of an accommodation establishment presented is taken over from the month when it reached its maximum.
Permanent beds are those that are regularly available to guests.
Occupancy rate of permanent beds (net) in the reference period is obtained by dividing the total number of nights by the number of beds on offer and the number of days when the beds are actually available for use during the reference period. The data is expressed as a percentage.
Occupancy rate of bedrooms (net) in the reference period is obtained by dividing the total number of bedrooms used during the reference period by the number of bedrooms available for use during the reference period. The data is expressed as a percentage.
Division 55 of the NKD 2007. includes short-stay accommodation service activities to tourists. Particular units may only provide accommodation services, while others may combine the services of accommodation, catering and/or recreation equipment. Tourist accommodation establishments listed in this division are broken down into four groups.
Group 55.1 Hotels and similar accommodation includes the following types of accommodation establishments: hotels, heritage hotels, all-suite hotels, integral hotels, diffuse hotels, spa-type accommodation, special standard hotels, tourist resorts, tourist apartments, boarding houses and guest houses.
Group 55.2 Holiday and other short-stay accommodation includes rooms, apartments, studio-type suites, summer houses, rural summer houses, hostels, spas, overnight accommodation, vacation establishments for children, inns offering accommodation services, mountain lodges, hunting lodges, pupils’ homes or students’ homes and Robinson-type accommodation establishment.
Group 55.3 Camping sites and camping grounds include camping sites, small camps, quickstop camping, quickstop camping – Robinson-type accommodation establishments and organised off-site camping sites.
Group 55.9 Other accommodation includes uncategorised establishments.
Data by counties, cities and municipalities are given by the territorial constitution according to the Act on County, City and Municipality Areas in the Republic of Croatia (NN, Nos 86/06, 125/06, 16/07, 95/08, 145/10, 37/13, 44/13, 45/13 and 110/15).
|CBS||Croatian Bureau of Statistics|
|COVID-19||COrona VIrus Disease-19|
|Eurostat||Statistical Office of the European Communities|
|NKD 2007.||National Classification of Activities, 2007 version|
|NN||Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia|
|USA||United States of America|
The survey whose data are published in this First Release has been conducted with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of this document are the sole responsibility of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.
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