First Release

Year: LVlll.
Zagreb, 18 May 2022
POLJ-2021-6-1

ISSN 1334-0557

FORESTRY, 2021

The total forest land area in 2021 remained at approximately the same level as in 2020 and amounted to about 2.75 million hectares.

The total logging in both state-owned and privately-owned forests in 2021, as compared to 2020, decreased by 4.7%. Expressed in the quantity of roundwood, it was a decrease of about 248 thousand m3.

The total production of coniferous wood decreased by 9.6% and the production of non-coniferous wood by 3.8%, as compared to the previous year.

In 2021, the production of fuel wood decreased by 3.5%, or by about 77 thousand m3, while the production of industrial roundwood (wood in the rough) decreased by 5.6%, or by about 171 thousand m3, as compared to 2020.

The total value of wood sold in 2021, as compared to 2020, increased by 43.8%, while the average prices increased by 2.3%. The increase in the total value of wood sold in 2021, as compared to 2020, was caused by an increase in the value of non-coniferous wood, of 54.3%

Non-coniferous wood had a share of 87.7% in the total value of sold wood in 2021, while a share of coniferous wood was 12.3%. The average price of coniferous wood in 2021, as compared to 2020, increased by 6.4%, while the price of non-coniferous wood increased by 0.9%.

In 2021, as compared to 2020, the value of seeds and sowing material used in forestry increased by 4.5%, while the total value of forest protection agents used decreased by 40.2%. Expressed in kuna, expenses for seeds and sowing material increased by about 1.6 million kuna, while expenses for forest protection agents fell by about 1.6 million kuna.

The consumption of electricity increased in value terms by about 337 thousand kuna (6.8%), while the consumption of motor fuels increased by about about 11 million kuna (14.9%). The consumption of gas increased in value terms by 636 thousand kuna (39.5%). The total value of services done in forestry increased in value terms compared to the same period of the previous year by 10.0%.

The total damages in forestry in 2021, as compared to 2020, decreased by 56.6%. Concerning individual types of damages, the highest decrease was recorded for damages caused by fire.

1 FOREST LAND AREAS

        Forest land area, ha Indices
2021
2020
2020 2021
Total 2 747 273 2 753 429 100,2
Forests 2 512 659 2 530 865 100,7
Production forests 1 574 755 1 545 642 98,2
Protective forests  493 105  524 531 106,4
Special-purpose forests  444 799  460 692 103,6
Other forest land  194 613  183 008 94,0
Arid land  40 001  39 556 98,9

2 COMMERCIAL TIMBER PRODUCTION

     Manufactured quantities, ‘000 m3 Indices
2021
2020
2020 2021
Roundwood  5 234  4 986  95,3
Coniferous   876   792 90,4
Non-coniferous  4 358  4 194  96,2
Fuel wood, including wood for charcoal  2 207  2 130  96,5
Coniferous   58   50 86,2
Non-coniferous  2 149  2 080  96,8
Industrial roundwood (wood in the rough)  3 027  2 856  94,4
Coniferous   818   742 90,7
Non-coniferous  2 209  2 114  95,7
Sawlogs and veneer logs  2 469  2 394  97,0
Coniferous   534   517 96,8
Non-coniferous  1 935  1 877  97,0
Pulpwood   554   458 82,7
Coniferous   281   222 79,0
Non-coniferous   273   236 86,4
Other industrial roundwood   4   4 100,0
Coniferous   3   3 100,0
Non-coniferous   1   1 100,0

3 VALUE AND PRICES OF FORESTRY PRODUCTS SOLD

     2020 2021 Indices
20212020
Value, thousand kuna Average price, kuna/m3 Value, thousand kuna Average price, kuna/m3 Value Average price
Total sale value 1 913 443 369,00 2 108 304 377,37 143,8 102,3
Coniferous  268 155 292,00  259 997 310,67 96,9 106,4
Non-Coniferous 1 645 288 385,57 1 848 307 389,12 154,3 100,9
Fuel wood, including wood for charcoal  466 062 200,65  558 167 210,10 119,8 104,7
Coniferous  9 141 155,25  9 156 138,36 100,2 89,1
Non-Coniferous  456 921 201,83  549 011 211,94 120,2 105,0
Industrial roundwood (wood in the rough) 1 447 381 505,61 1 550 137 529,02 107,1 104,6
Coniferous  259 014 301,37  250 842 325,46 96,8 108,0
Non-Coniferous 1 188 367 593,23 1 299 296 601,67 109,3 101,4
Sawlogs and veneer logs 1 347 293 581,76 1 440 006 610,92 106,9 105,0
Coniferous  206 764 382,01  207 881 407,84 100,5 106,8
Non-Coniferous 1 140 529 642,69 1 232 125 666,96 108,0 103,8
Pulpwood  6 445 209,02  11 257 215,37 174,7 103,0
Coniferous  3 004 210,98  3 049 219,70 101,5 104,1
Non-Coniferous  3 441 207,34  8 208 213,81 238,5 103,1
Other industrial roundwood  93 643 181,50  98 874 189,84 105,6 104,6
Coniferous  49 246 162,01  39 911 161,50 81,0 99,7
Non-Coniferous  44 397 209,44  58 963 215,43 132,8 102,9

4 VALUE OF SERVICES DONE IN FORESTRY

       Value of services, thousand kuna Indices
2021
2020
2020 2021
Total  341 609  375 837 110,0
Logging and drawing services  230 726  246 079 106,7
Arboriculture services  52 173  64 963 124,5
Services of maintenance and repairs in forestry   33 828  38 658 114,3
Other production services  24 882  26 137 105,0

5 VALUE OF SEEDS AND SOWING MATERIAL USED

           Value of seeds and sowing material used, thousand kuna Indices
2021
2020
2020 2021
Total  35 232  36 808 104,5
Seed  2 872  2 175 75,1
Seedlings and rhizomes  32 360  34 651 107,1

6 VALUE OF FOREST PROTECTION AGENTS USED

      Quantity of forest protection agents used, thousand kuna  Indices
2021
2020
2020 2021
Total  3 891  2 327 59,8
Fungicides  2 170  1 442 66,5
Insecticides   486   246 50,6
Herbicides   524   464 88,5
Other agents   711   175 24,6

7 VALUE OF CONSUMED ENERGY AND FUEL

    Value of consumed energy and fuel, thousand kuna Indices
2021
2020
2020 2021
Electricity  4 981  5 318 106,8
Fuel for heating (gas)  1 609  2 245 139,5
Motor fuel  72 204  82 981 114,9
Petrol  4 350  4 725 108,6
Diesel  67 854  78 256 115,3

8 DAMAGES IN FORESTRY

      Quantity of roundwood, ‘000 m3 Indices
2021
2020
2020 2021
Total damages 532 231 43,4
Damages caused by fire 134 8 6,0
Damages caused by pests 141 71 50,4
Damages caused by weather conditions 257 152 59,1

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

Sources and methods of data collection

Data on forestry products and felled timber until 2013 were obtained by collection and processing of data on reporting units engaged in the forestry and timber felling activity as defined in the NKD 2007. section A Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing, division 02 Forestry and logging.

Since 2014, data related to forestry have been taken over from the Directorate for Forestry, Hunting and Wood Industry of the Ministry of Agriculture, as well as from the limited liability company Hrvatske šume as an administrative data source.

Data on production of forestry products have been harmonised since 2014 with the international Joint Forest Sector Questionnaire (JFSQ), which is submitted to Eurostat and other relevant institutions at the annual level.

Since 2014, data on products sold in forestry have been taken over at the quarterly level from the limited liability company Hrvatske šume as an administrative data source and at the annual level since 2015.

Coverage and comparability

Reporting units referred to in the data are forest management offices of the limited liability company Hrvatske šume and of other legal entities classified into activities defined in section A Agriculture, forestry and fishing, division 02 Forestry and logging, as well as legal entities classified into other activities but engaged in the forestry, logging and related service activities.

Data have been generated in the form of databases prepared by the limited liability company Hrvatske šume and submitted to the Croatian Bureau of Statistics in the form adjusted for further processing.

Definitions

Forest is, as defined in Article 5 of the Forests Act (NN, Nos 68/18, 115/18, 98/19, 32/20 and 145/20), land overgrown with forest trees and/or its shrubby forms, shrubs and ground vegetation on an area of 0.1 ha and more, where forest products are continuously produced, socially beneficial functions are realised and there are balanced relations between biocenosis and habitat. Forests also include forests in protected areas according to a special regulation; forest seed facilities of the seed source type (if it is an integral part of the forest complex) and seed stand; monuments of park architecture originating from natural forests; protection belts of trees with a surface of 0.1 ha and more and a width of 20 m and more; forest lanes up to 5 m wide; forest roads and light lanes near roads up to 5 m wide; routes of water supply, wastewater drainage (sewerage), oil pipelines, gas pipelines, electricity and other lines up to 5 m wide within forest complex.

According to Article 22 of the Forests Act (NN, Nos 68/18, 115/18, 98/19, 32/20 and 145/20), forests are divided by purpose as follows:

–  Production forests serve for the production of wood and non-wood forestry products, providing that their socially beneficial functions are preserved and improved.

–  Protective forests are primarily used for the protection of soil, water, settlements, establishments and other property, providing that their socially beneficial functions are preserved and improved. Protective forests are forests and forest lands within areas protected under nature protection regulations. They are divided into forests in which the economic use of natural resources is allowed and to forests in which the economic use of natural resources is prohibited.

Special-purpose forests are:

1) protected forests2) urban forests3) forest seed facilities4) forests for scientific research5) forests for the purpose of the defence of the Republic of Croatia6) forests for the purpose prescribed by special regulations.

Other forest land encompasses non-overgrown non-production land (lanes, light lanes near roads, power-transmission lines, oil pipelines etc.) as well as non-overgrown production land (clearings, smooth rocky grounds, reed patches etc.).

Arid land encompasses forest roads of more than 5 meters width, water paths, channels, swamps, harsh karst, areas under construction establishments, gravel pits, stone pits etc.

Logs (of non-coniferous and coniferous wood) are parts of timber intended for further processing by sawing, sometimes by cutting and peeling, as they have good physical and chemical characteristics, so they are intended to be industrially processed. It includes logs for cutting and logs for veneer and peeling.

Industrial roundwood (non-coniferous and coniferous) includes all kinds of wood suitable for mechanical processing, such as sawlogs and veneer logs, mining timber, transmission-line and telephone-line pylons as well as other oval timber.

Pulpwood is round and chopped wood of conifers, beech and soft non-coniferous wood. It is used in the production of cellulose and artificial fibres.

Fuel wood (of non-coniferous and coniferous wood) is intended either to be used directly as fuel or for the production of charcoal. It is a kind of wood whose worming capacity is exploited. Therefore, their level of dryness, dimensions and the way how they are arranged are very important characteristics. According to the type of wood, there is a hard fuel wood (beech wood, hornbeam wood, Turkey oak wood and oak wood) and soft fuel wood (birch wood, poplar-wood, willow wood, alder wood).

Other industrial roundwood (wood in the rough) includes small technical wood suitable for the production of wooden props, poles, various laths and pillars for fences, handles for various tools and similar. They are made of stump flanges, sweet chestnut, ash-tree, cornelian cherry, sweet and sour cherry etc. They are chopped in winter.

 

Abbreviations

Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
ha hectare
m3 cubic metre
NKD 2007.            National Classification of Activities, 2007 version
NN Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia
p/st number of items (pieces/sticks)
’000 thousand

 

Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80
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Persons responsible:
Edita Omerzo, Director of Spatial Statistics Directorate, and Suzana Šamec, Director of Macroeconomic Statistics Directorate
Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Mario Valentić, Ana Pavetić, Matej Pejković and Mateja Ivezić


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