First Release

Year: LVIII.
Zagreb, 09 August 2021
POSL-2021-1-1/2

ISSN 1334-0557

NUMBER AND STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, JUNE 2021

The comparison of the number of legal entities in the Register of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics with the number of active legal entities in other registers shows that the share of active legal entities was 57.7%.

This discrepancy occurs due to differences in the methodology of data entry method and of defining activities applied in individual registers.

The data on the number of entities in crafts and trades and free lances refers to the number of self-employed entrepreneurs, with or without employees, as well as to the number of persons engaged in a professional activity according to pension insurance records.

1 BUSINESS ENTITIES, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2021

   Number of registered legal entities Number of active entities Share of active legal entities, %
Total 299 963 173 113 57,7
Trade companies 223 975 137 764 61,5
Co-operatives 3 581 842 23,5
Institutions, bodies, associations and organisations 72 407 34 507 47,7
Entities in crafts and trades and free lances - 90 347 -

G-1 STRUCTURE OF LEGAL ENTITIES1), BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, JUNE 2021

1) Including government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units.

2 STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, BY ACTIVITY AND ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2021

              Number of legal entities Active legal entities Crafts and trades and free lances
Registered Structure of registered legal entities, % Active Structure of active legal entities, % Profit Non-profit
  Total 299 963 100,0 173 113 100,0 138 606 34 507 90 347
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 5 636 1,9 3 012 1,7 3 010 2 2 693
B Mining and quarrying 339 0,1 189 0,1 189 - 41
C Manufacturing 23 431 7,8 15 342 8,9 15 339 3 7 924
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1 499 0,5 757 0,4 757 - 10
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 1 297 0,4 867 0,5 864 3 82
F Construction 29 477 9,8 17 885 10,3 17 884 1 9 420
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 54 053 18,0 28 622 16,5 28 427 195 9 459
H Transportation and storage 10 869 3,6 7 157 4,1 7 123 34 6 107
I Accommodation and food service activities 24 094 8,0 13 872 8,0 13 822 50 8 262
J Information and communication 10 613 3,5 7 413 4,3 7 386 27 3 396
K Financial and insurance activities 1 857 0,6 970 0,6 942 28 532
L Real estate activities 9 802 3,3 5 400 3,1 5 400 - 520
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 30 672 10,2 21 652 12,5 21 489 163 12 798
N Administrative and support service activities 11 579 3,9 7 280 4,2 7 276 4 3 602
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 3 065 1,0 986 0,6 20 966 6 349
P Education 4 368 1,5 3 624 2,1 1 102 2 522 778
Q Human health and social work activities 5 102 1,7 3 440 2,0 1 002 2 438 5 120
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 22 502 7,5 11 540 6,7 1 838 9 702 2 993
S Other service activities 49 652 16,6 23 103 13,3 4 735 18 368 10 162
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods-and services-producing activities of households for own use 2 0,0 1 0,0 1 - 50
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 54 0,0 1 0,0 - 1 -
  Unknown - - - - - - 49

The data on the structure of business entities by economic activities show that more than a half of both registered and active entities belong to the following four activity sections: Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles with 18.0% of registered and 16.5% of active entities, Manufacturing with 7.8% of registered and 8.9% of active entities, Professional, scientific and technical activities with 10.2% of registered and 12.5% of active entities and Other service activities with 16.6% of registered and 13.3% of active entities.

The share of profit entities in the total active business entities was 80.1% and their structure by economic activities shows that 70.0% of them belonged to five activity sections, shown in the following order of frequency: Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (20.5%), Professional, scientific and technical activities (15.5%), Manufacturing (11.1%), Construction (12.9%) and Accommodation and food service activities (10.0%).

The share of non-profit active entities was 19.9%. Half of them were classified into the activity section Other service activities. The remaining half was distributed between Arts, entertainment and recreation (28.1%), Education (7.3%), Human health and social work activities (7.1%) and Public administration and defence; compulsory social security (2.8%).

The structure of entities in crafts and trades and free lances by economic activities was much more balanced than the structure of legal entities. Professional, scientific and technical activities was the most frequent activity section. Besides this activity section, five other activities covered one half of the total number of entities.

G-2 STRUCTURE OF LEGAL ENTITIES1), BY ACTIVITY AND ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS, JUNE 2021

1) Including government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units.

NKD 2007. activity sections

A Agriculture, forestry and fishing
B Mining and quarrying
C Manufacturing
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
F Construction
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
H Transportation and storage
I Accommodation and food service activities
J Information and communication
K Financial and insurance activities
L Real estate activities
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
N Administrative and support service activities
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
P Education
Q Human health and social work activities
R Arts, entertainment and recreation
S Other service activities

3 STRUCTURE OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, BY OWNERSHIP TYPES AND NKD 2007. SECTIONS, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2021"

             Total Ownership types
State ownership Private ownership Co-operative ownership Mixed ownership No ownership
The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, %
  Total 173 113 1 359 0,8 136 327 78,7 845 0,5 790 0,5 33 792 19,5
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 3 012 15 0,5 2 611 86,7 354 11,8 30 1,0 2 0,1
B Mining and quarrying 189 4 2,1 174 92,1 2 1,1 9 4,8 - -
C Manufacturing 15 342 68 0,4 14 935 97,3 145 0,9 192 1,3 2 0,0
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 757 34 4,5 712 94,1 2 0,3 9 1,2 - -
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 867 324 37,4 532 61,4 1 0,1 8 0,9 2 0,2
F Construction 17 885 79 0,4 17 682 98,9 71 0,4 52 0,3 1 0,0
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 28 622 41 0,1 28 188 98,5 89 0,3 143 0,5 161 0,6
H Transportation and storage 7 157 60 0,8 7 017 98,0 12 0,2 37 0,5 31 0,4
I Accommodation and food service activities 13 872 48 0,3 13 661 98,5 46 0,3 70 0,5 47 0,3
J Information and communication 7 413 38 0,5 7 296 98,4 7 0,1 48 0,6 24 0,3
K Financial and insurance activities 970 18 1,9 907 93,5 8 0,8 10 1,0 27 2,8
L Real estate activities 5 400 37 0,7 5 338 98,9 2 0,0 23 0,4 - -
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 21 652 183 0,8 21 208 97,9 35 0,2 114 0,5 112 0,5
N Administrative and support service activities 7 280 65 0,9 7 175 98,6 21 0,3 15 0,2 4 0,1
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 986 33 3,3 5 0,5 1 0,1 1 0,1 946 95,9
P Education 3 624 149 4,1 1 250 34,5 - - 4 0,1 2 221 61,3
Q Human health and social work activities 3 440 43 1,3 1 164 33,8 22 0,6 4 0,1 2 207 64,2
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 11 540 87 0,8 1 794 15,5 16 0,1 7 0,1 9 636 83,5
S Other service activities 23 103 33 0,1 4 677 20,2 11 0,0 14 0,1 18 368 79,5
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods-and services-producing activities of households for own use 1 - - 1 100,0 - - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 1 - - - - - - - - 1 100,0

G-3 STRUCTURE OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, BY OWNERSHIP TYPES, JUNE 2021

The structure of active legal entities by ownership types shows that the private ownership predominated with 78.7% of entities, while 0.8% of entities were owned by the state, 0.5% of them were in mixed ownership and 0.5% of entities were in co-operative ownership. The ownership of 19.5% of legal entities was not monitored.

The ownership structure by activities shows that privately owned entities were predominant in service activities, e.g. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles had a share of 98.5%, Real estate activities of 98.9% and Transportation and storage of 98.0%. Approximately the same share of private ownership existed in the productive activities such as Construction (98.9%), Manufacturing (97.3%) and Information and communication (98.4%).

4 NUMBER OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY NUMBER OF PERSONS IN EMPLOYMENT, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2021

    Total Number of persons in employment
0 1 – 9 10 – 49 50 – 249 250 – 499 500 and more
  Total 173 113 68 747 86 738 13 517 3 504 333 274
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 3 012 1 219 1 492 239 50 6 6
B Mining and quarrying 189 43 96 38 10 - 2
C Manufacturing 15 342 3 751 8 416 2 338 676 97 64
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 757 433 254 52 12 3 3
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 867 173 301 271 107 12 3
F Construction 17 885 6 071 9 859 1 684 247 19 5
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 28 622 8 437 17 592 2 189 309 48 47
H Transportation and storage 7 157 2 064 4 437 511 109 20 16
I Accommodation and food service activities 13 872 4 378 8 109 1 217 145 10 13
J Information and communication 7 413 2 568 4 164 571 90 15 5
K Financial and insurance activities 970 230 603 82 28 9 18
L Real estate activities 5 400 3 458 1 809 124 7 1 1
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 21 652 6 367 14 132 1 036 107 6 4
N Administrative and support service activities 7 280 2 895 3 790 467 105 9 14
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 986 41 259 444 196 26 20
P Education 3 624 484 1 155 974 986 18 7
Q Human health and social work activities 3 440 1 201 1 305 647 225 24 38
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 11 540 8 300 2 849 318 57 9 7
S Other service activities 23 103 16 633 6 116 314 38 1 1
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use 1 1 - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 1 - - 1 - - -

Observation of the structure of active legal entities according to the number of persons in paid employment shows that the highest share of 50.1% belonged to entities employing 1 – 9 persons, followed by 39.7% of entities without persons in employment, 7.8% of entities employing 10 – 49 persons and 2.0% of entities employing 50 – 249 persons, while entities employing more than 250 persons had a share of only 0.4%.

5 TRADE COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2021

           Legal organisational forms
Total Joint stock companies Limited liability companies
Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active
  Total 223 975 137 764 1 223 777 162 212 99 940
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 4 410 2 656 38 23 3 297 2 025
B Mining and quarrying 331 187 14 9 289 166
C Manufacturing 23 018 15 194 363 211 17 688 11 722
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1 492 756 8 5 1 258 654
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 1 284 863 8 4 1 063 760
F Construction 28 662 17 814 126 74 20 247 11 994
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 53 487 28 339 166 90 42 188 22 319
H Transportation and storage 10 775 7 111 64 41 6 277 4 153
I Accommodation and food service activities 23 900 13 776 125 94 12 809 7 691
J Information and communication 10 531 7 379 36 28 8 144 5 882
K Financial and insurance activities 1 423 933 104 79 1 188 771
L Real estate activities 9 793 5 398 31 25 8 646 4 782
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 30 372 21 455 113 78 23 584 16 862
N Administrative and support service activities 11 480 7 255 11 9 8 044 5 267
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 33 19 - - 20 13
P Education 1 532 1 102 2 1 1 029 744
Q Human health and social work activities 1 310 980 - - 1 014 791
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 2 834 1 822 10 5 1 742 1 105
S Other service activities 7 306 4 724 4 1 3 684 2 238
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use 2 1 - - 1 1
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - -

5 TRADE COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2021

(continued)

              Legal organisational forms
Simple limited liability companies Public trade companies Main subsidiaries of foreign trade companies or individual traders Other legal forms
Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active
  Total 58 869 36 219 366 194 1 033 491 272 143
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 1 066 600 1 1 4 4 4 3
B Mining and quarrying 25 10 - - 3 2 - -
C Manufacturing 4 830 3 209 4 2 123 49 10 1
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 221 95 - - 4 1 1 1
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 204 99 - - 8 - 1 -
F Construction 7 973 5 627 46 9 260 109 10 1
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 10 856 5 800 11 2 248 121 18 7
H Transportation and storage 4 384 2 891 6 3 43 22 1 1
I Accommodation and food service activities 10 932 5 977 2 - 28 12 4 2
J Information and communication 2 295 1 437 6 4 46 26 4 2
K Financial and insurance activities 72 34 - - 18 12 41 37
L Real estate activities 1 065 560 5 1 35 21 11 9
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 6 205 4 249 274 164 172 92 24 10
N Administrative and support service activities 3 372 1 948 4 3 31 16 18 12
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 2 1 - - - - 11 5
P Education 495 354 1 - 4 2 1 1
Q Human health and social work activities 294 188 1 1 1 - - -
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 1 066 696 1 1 1 1 14 14
S Other service activities 3 511 2 444 4 3 4 1 99 37
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use 1 - - - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - - - -

Limited liability companies were markedly predominant in the structure of trade companies by legal organisational forms, with a share of 72.4% of registered and 72.5% of active ones. Simple limited liability companies held the second place by their number, with a share of 26.3% of registered and 26.3% of active companies. Other legal forms of trade companies constituted the remaining share of 1.3%.

6 REGISTERED NON-PROFIT LEGAL ENTITIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY ACTIVITY AND LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2021

             Total registered legal entities Share of active legal entities, % Groups of legal organisational forms
Associations, institutions, economic co-operations, legislation, foundations, political parties and other organisations State government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units
  Total 72 407 47,7 69 981 2 426
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 4 50,0 4 -
B Mining and quarrying - - - -
C Manufacturing 7 42,9 7 -
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1 0,0 1 -
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 5 60,0 5 -
F Construction 1 100,0 1 -
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 217 89,9 217 -
H Transportation and storage 35 97,1 35 -
I Accommodation and food service activities 56 89,3 56 -
J Information and communication 60 45,0 60 -
K Financial and insurance activities 216 13,0 216 -
L Real estate activities - - - -
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 196 83,2 196 -
N Administrative and support service activities 9 44,4 9 -
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 3 031 31,9 605 2 426
P Education 2 833 89,0 2 833 -
Q Human health and social work activities 3 747 65,1 3 747 -
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 19 635 49,4 19 635 -
S Other service activities 42 300 43,4 42 300 -
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 54 1,9 54 -

The structure of registered non-profit legal entities by legal forms shows that associations, institutions, co-operations and similar organisations had a share of 96.6%, while state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units had a share of 3.4%.

Concerning the activity of the mentioned legal entities, there were 47.7% of active ones. Their structure by activities shows that they were entities belonging to four activity sections: Other service activities with 58.4% of registered and 43.4% of active ones, Public administration and defence; compulsory social security with 4.2% of registered and 31.9% of active ones, Human health and social work activities with 5.2% of registered and 65.1% of active entities and Education with only 3.9% of registered ones, but with the largest share of active entities (89.0%).

7 STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, BY COUNTIES, SITUATION AS ON 30 JUNE 2021

County of Total registered legal entities Trade companies Co-operatives Registered institutions, bodies, associations and organisations Entities in crafts and trades and free lances
Registered Active Registered Active
Republic of Croatia 299 963 223 975 137 764 3 581 842 72 407 90 347
Zagreb 19 012 14 844 9 488 145 36 4 023 5 150
Krapina-Zagorje 5 402 3 553 2 323 75 17 1 774 2 507
Sisak-Moslavina 6 605 3 885 2 330 164 27 2 556 2 183
Karlovac 5 782 3 675 2 357 131 29 1 976 1 851
Varaždin 8 813 6 224 4 203 100 19 2 489 2 766
Koprivnica-Križevci 4 978 3 101 1 950 198 39 1 679 1 558
Bjelovar-Bilogora 5 653 3 644 2 265 208 48 1 801 1 298
Primorje-Gorski kotar 25 195 19 740 11 550 153 30 5 302 9 521
Lika-Senj 2 518 1 485 949 75 11 958 933
Virovitica-Podravina 3 249 1 837 1 146 116 22 1 296 1 089
Požega-Slavonia 2 600 1 425 970 53 8 1 122 1 091
Slavonski Brod-Posavina 5 591 3 472 2 140 92 22 2 027 2 087
Zadar 10 847 8 005 5 115 220 57 2 622 4 841
Osijek-Baranja 14 726 9 126 5 923 276 90 5 324 4 548
Šibenik-Knin 6 429 4 206 2 407 206 43 2 017 3 005
Vukovar-Sirmium 6 455 3 556 2 236 217 66 2 682 2 296
Split-Dalmatia 31 060 23 482 14 603 438 125 7 140 12 538
Istria 22 233 18 356 10 865 114 22 3 763 7 872
Dubrovnik-Neretva 8 743 6 011 4 003 99 36 2 633 4 081
Međimurje 6 892 5 279 3 478 49 10 1 564 1 331
City of Zagreb 97 180 79 069 47 463 452 85 17 659 17 801

The data on the territorial distribution of business entities at the county level show that slightly less than one third of the total number of registered business entities (legal entities) were situated in the City of Zagreb. The City of Zagreb, however, had a significantly lower share of entities in crafts and trades and free lances, amounting to 19.7%. The County of Split-Dalmatia followed, with a share of 10.4% of legal entities and 13.9% of natural persons.

Three counties had a share larger than 5% of registered legal entities: the County of Primorje-Gorski kotar (8.4%), the County of Istria (7.4%) and the County of Zagreb (6.3%). The number of natural persons came in the same order.

The territorial structure of active trade companies was different in relation to the structure of the registered ones. Hence, the City of Zagreb had a share of 35.3% of registered and 34.5% of active entities, while the share of the second largest county, the County of Split-Dalmatia, was 10.6% of active and 10.5% of registered entities.

.

8 CREATING, DELETING AND HARMONISING OF REGISTERED LEGAL ENTITIES, 2020 AND 2021

   2020 2021
I – III IV – VI VII – IX X – XII I – III IV. – VI.
Creating 3 583 2 454 3 198 3 713 3 720 3 805
Trade companies 3 127 2 194 2 843 3 354 3 278 3 436
Other 456 260 355 359 442 369
Deleting 228 112 165 151 179 120
Enterprises  11) 3 1 2 - 1
Trade companies 131 85 119 109 112 72
Other 96 24 45 40 67 47
Harmonising according to the Companies Act 6 4 6 3 1 2

1) Enterprises and co-operatives.

Data on changes in registered entities are divided into three groups: creations, deletions and harmonisations. They show that the number of creations and harmonisations increased in the mentioned period, while the number of deletions decreased.

The share of trade companies in the number of newly created entities in the observed period was 90.3%.

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

I Introduction

Based on the Act on the National Classification of Activities (NN, No. 98/94), the Decision on the National Classification of Activities − NKD 2007. (NN, Nos 58/07 and 72/07) and the Ordinance on the Classification of Business Entities According to the National Classification of Activities − NKD 2007. (NN, Nos. 55/16 and 35/18), the Croatian Bureau of Statistics keeps the Register of Business Entities (hereinafter referred to as: Register). The Register, pursuant to provisions of the aforementioned Ordinance, includes legal entities, state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units and parts thereof (hereinafter referred to as: business entities). The Register does not presently include natural persons engaged in activities according to regulations, foreign associations headquartered in the Republic of Croatia and business entities not headquartered in the Republic of Croatia.

The NKD 2007. is based on the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community – NACE Rev. 2, which is obligatory in EU Member States.

II Methods and sources of data collection

On registration, each business entity is assigned a seven-digit registration number, while its constituent parts are assigned an additional four-digit ordinal number besides that number.

Moreover, each business entity and parts thereof are assigned an activity code according to the NKD 2007.

Registered business entities are classified according to their prevailing activities in such a way that a numerical denotation of a class of the main activity is defined according to the NKD 2007. When, on the basis of a formal decision on registration with a competent authority or by law, a business entity is established to be engaged in more than one activity, the first classification according to the NKD 2007. is made upon the proposal of the business entity. Every subsequent classification of the business entity resulting in a change of the main activity is made in the following cases:

1) Upon the request of the business entity
2) Upon official duty, based on a change in the decision on registration with a competent authority or a change in the law.

The activity of the constituent parts of a business entity is established on the basis of a decision on registration with a competent authority or law on creation, irrespective of the activity of the business entity they are a part of.

Entry, registration, change and withdrawal of business entities are updated daily in the Register. Legal basis for updating the Register are the following:

1) Registers kept by:

– trade courts
– ministries
– state administration offices
– other registration bodies

2) Laws, decisions and other legal documents published in Narodne novine.

Registered business entities are structured according to the legal basis, as follows:

– trade companies, enterprises, co-operatives and institutions are registered in the Register upon decisions of registration bodies (trade courts),
– state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units registered according to the law
– associations, foundations, political parties and others registered on the basis of decisions of registry bodies according to specific laws.

Difficulties in updating of a significant proportion of units in the Register are a consequence of long-term transition periods during which register bodies harmonise business entities according to a new legislation. This also postpones the procedure of deletions of business entities who have not submitted a request for harmonisation in line with new regulations. Consequently, the Register data have constantly been changing in line with data on business entities subsequently collected from publicly available data bases.

A lack in the coverage of the Register is related to business entities engaged in activities of crafts and free lances, foreign associations headquartered in the Republic of Croatia and business entities not headquartered in the Republic of Croatia. In addition, it must be pointed out that there are methodological discrepancies between the Register as an administrative data base and the Statistical Business Register (hereinafter referred to as: eSPRi).

The data of the Register of Business Entities are linked to administrative data bases through an identification number, a registration number and a personal identification number.

III Meaning of individual terms

Business entities are legal entities and natural persons that perform activities according to the law, public government bodies (government administration bodies, other government bodies, bodies of local and regional self-government units, legal entities and other public authorities, legal entities established by the Republic of Croatia or local and regional self-government units, legal entities performing public service, legal entities financed mostly or completely from the state or local and regional self-government units budgets, that is, from public funds (taxes, provisions etc.), on the basis of a special act as well as trade companies in which the Republic of Croatia or the local and regional self-government units hold individual or joint majority ownership.

Registered legal entities (business entities) are units that are registered in the Register. These are: trade companies, institutions, co-operatives, associations, political parties, public government bodies and other non-harmonised units that held a legal subjectivity status according to previously valid laws.

Active legal entities (business entities) are registered legal entities entered into the Register, for which the activity status has been determined according to the eSPRi data. 

Natural persons are units that carry out activities in line with the law and refer to crafts and trades and free lances.

Main activity is an activity established according to the largest share in the total value added in the case of business entities that make profit through production, trade or rendering of services on the market or by the largest share in the number of persons in employment according to the payroll and gross paid-off salaries in the case of business entities that do not make profit through production, trade and rendering of services on the market.

Identification number is a permanent identification denomination of each business entity. It is used in all activities of official statistics. It is determined in the process of allocation of a control number according to module 11, while any part of a business entity is at the same time determined a four-digit ordinal number along with the identification number.

Registration number is a number under which a business entity is entered in a court or another specific register.

Personal identification number (OIB) is a permanent identification designation of an OIB holder, used by OIB users in official records, in everyday activities and in data exchange. OIB is unique, non-revealing, unchangeable and non-iterative.

Legal organisational form is a characteristic of units in the Register that divides them as joint-stock companies, limited liability companies, simple limited liability companies, co-operatives, institutions, associations, state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units and other legal organisational forms. A legal organisational form of the Register has been determined by a decision of a competent registration body or by act on creation that is a basis for their entry into the Register.

Type of ownership is a characteristic of units entered into the Register that indicates the ownership structure of the unit and refer to the ownership of assets, that is, to startup deposit of a business entity.

Number of persons in employment is the feature used for indicating the size and structure of business entities. It is derived from Fina’s annual financial reports. In order to update this feature, as indicated in tables, the data have been harmonised with the regular monthly statistical survey that covers employment.

 

Abbreviations  
   
Fina Financial Agency
NKD 2007. National Classification of Activities, 2007 version
NN Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia

 

Symbols  
   
- no occurrence
0.0 value not zero but less than 0.05 of the unit of measure used

 

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