First Release

Year: LVIII.
Zagreb, 10 February 2022
POSL-2021-1-1/4

ISSN 1334-0557

NUMBER AND STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, DECEMBER 2021

The comparison of the number of legal entities in the Register of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics with the number of active legal entities in other registers shows that the share of active legal entities was 54.7%.

This discrepancy occurs due to differences in the methodology of data entry method and of defining activities applied in individual registers.

The data on the number of entities in crafts and trades and free lances refers to the number of self-employed entrepreneurs, with or without employees, as well as to the number of persons engaged in a professional activity according to pension insurance records.

1 BUSINESS ENTITIES, SITUATION AS ON 31 DECEMBER 2021

        Number of registered legal entities Number of active entities Share of active legal entities, %
Total 307 413 168 242 54,7
Trade companies 230 741 133 928 58,0
Co-operatives 3 539 800 22,6
Institutions, bodies, associations and organisations 73 113 34 844 47,6
Entities in crafts and trades and free lances - 88 205 -

G-1 STRUCTURE OF LEGAL ENTITIES1), BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, DECEMBER 2021

1) Including government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units.

2 STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, BY ACTIVITY AND ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS, SITUATION AS ON 31 DECEMBER 2021

              Number of legal entities Active legal entities Crafts and trades and free lances
Registered Structure of registered legal entities, % Active Structure of active legal entities, % Profit Non-profit
  Total 307 413 100,0 168 242 100,0 133 928 33 514 88 205
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 5 772 1,9 2 953 1,8 2  604 2 2 645
B Mining and quarrying 344 0,1 168 0,1 184 - 40
C Manufacturing 24 058 7,8 15 084 9,0 14 949 3 7 994
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1 567 0,5 742 0,4 739 - 10
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 1 333 0,4 859 0,5 856 2 93
F Construction 30 840 10,0 18 065 10,7 17 998 1 9 832
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 54 843 17,8 27 124 16,1 26 845 195 8 415
H Transportation and storage 11 309 3,7 6 531 3,9 6 488 34 5 769
I Accommodation and food service activities 24 806 8,1 12 789 7,6 12 694 50 6 604
J Information and communication 11 115 3,6 7 523 4,5 7 489 28 3 611
K Financial and insurance activities 1 840 0,6 946 0,6 921 15 526
L Real estate activities 10 285 3,3 5 493 3,3 5 491 - 528
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 31 476 10,2 21 377 12,7 21 189 156 13 627
N Administrative and support service activities 11 964 3,9 7 046 4,2 7 025 3 3 164
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 3 069 1,0 911 0,5 17 893 6 043
P Education 4 448 1,4 3 613 2,1 1 095 2 518 879
Q Human health and social work activities 5 207 1,7 3  383 2,0 967 2 399 5 092
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 22 837 7,4 11 363 6,8 1 811 9 537 2 914
S Other service activities 50 244 16,3 22 253 13,2 4 565 17 678 10 328
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods-and services-producing activities of households for own use 2 0,0 1 0,0 1 - 46
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 54 0,0 - 0,0 - - -
  Unknown - - - - - - 45

The data on the structure of business entities by economic activities show that more than a half of both registered and active entities belong to the following four activity sections: Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles with 17.8% of registered and 16.1% of active entities, Manufacturing with 7.8% of registered and 9.0% of active entities, Professional, scientific and technical activities with 10.2% of registered and 12.7% of active entities and Other service activities with 16.3% of registered and 13.2% of active entities.

The share of profit entities in the total active business entities was 79.6% and their structure by economic activities shows that 69.9% of them belonged to five activity sections, shown in the following order of frequency: Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (20.0%), Professional, scientific and technical activities (15.8%), Manufacturing (11.2%), Construction (13.4%)and Accommodation and food service activities (9.5%).

The share of non-profit active entities was 19.9%. Half of them were classified into the activity section Other service activities. The remaining half was distributed between Arts, entertainment and recreation (28.5%), Education (7.5%), Human health and social work activities (7.2%) and Public administration and defence; compulsory social security (2.7%).

The structure of entities in crafts and trades and free lances by economic activities was much more balanced than the structure of legal entities. Professional, scientific and technical activities was the most frequent activity section. Besides this activity section, five other activities covered one half of the total number of entities.

G-2. STRUCTURE OF LEGAL ENTITIES1), BY ACTIVITY AND ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS, DECEMBER 2021

1) Including government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units.

NKD 2007. activity sections

A Agriculture, forestry and fishing
B Mining and quarrying
C Manufacturing
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
F Construction
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
H Transportation and storage
I Accommodation and food service activities
J Information and communication
K Financial and insurance activities
L Real estate activities
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
N Administrative and support service activities
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
P Education
Q Human health and social work activities
R Arts, entertainment and recreation
S Other service activities

3 STRUCTURE OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, BY OWNERSHIP TYPES AND NKD 2007. SECTIONS, SITUATION AS ON 31 DECEMBER 2021

            Total Ownership types
State ownership Private ownership Co-operative ownership Mixed ownership No ownership
The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, %
  Total 168 242 1 344 0,8 132 582 78,8 803 0,5 732 0,4 32 781 19,5
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2 953 14 0,5 2 560 86,7 347 11,8 30 1,0 2 0,1
B Mining and quarrying 186 5 2,7 171 91,9 2 1,1 8 4,3 - -
C Manufacturing 15 084 61 0,4 14 708 97,5 132 0,9 181 1,2 2 0,0
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 742 35 4,7 694 93,5 4 0,5 9 1,2 - -
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 859 320 37,3 530 61,7 1 0,1 7 0,8 1 0,1
F Construction 18 065 76 0,4 17 874 98,9 67 0,4 47 0,3 1 0,0
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 27 124 40 0,1 26 711 98,5 85 0,3 128 0,5 160 0,6
H Transportation and storage 6 531 61 0,9 6 394 97,9 9 0,1 36 0,6 31 0,5
I Accommodation and food service activities 12 789 42 0,3 12 588 98,4 45 0,4 67 0,5 47 0,4
J Information and communication 7 523 37 0,5 7 410 98,4 6 0,1 45 0,6 25 0,3
K Financial and insurance activities 946 17 1,8 896 98,5 9 1,0 10 1,1 14 1,5
L Real estate activities 5 493 37 0,7 5 433 94,7 2 0,0 21 0,4 - -
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 21 377 179 0,8 20 956 98,9 33 0,2 100 0,5 109 0,5
N Administrative and support service activities 7 046 68 1 6 945 98,0 18 0,3 13 0,2 2 0,0
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 911 33 3,6 4 0,4 1 0,1 1 0,1 872 95,7
P Education 3 613 156 4,3 1 248 34,5 - - 4 0,1 2 205 61,0
Q Human health and social work activities 3 383 46 1,4 1 160 34,3 17 0,5 3 0,1 2 157 63,8
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 11 363 83 0,7 1 782 15,7 15 0,1 8 0,1 9 475 83,4
S Other service activities 22 253 34 0,2 4 517 20,3 10 0,0 14 0,1 17 678 79,4
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods-and services-producing activities of households for own use 1 - - 1 100,0 - - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - - - - - - -

G-3 STRUCTURE OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, BY OWNERSHIP TYPES, DECEMBER 2021

The structure of active legal entities by ownership types shows that the private ownership predominated with 78.8% of entities, while 0.8% of entities were owned by the state, 0.4% of them were in mixed ownership and 0.5% of entities were in co-operative ownership. The ownership of 19.5% of legal entities was not monitored.

The ownership structure by activities shows that privately owned entities were predominant in service activities, e.g. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles had a share of 98.5%, Real estate activities of 98.9% and Transportation and storage of 97.9%. Approximately the same share of private ownership existed in the productive activities such as Construction (98.9%), Manufacturing (97.5%) and Information and communication (98.5%).

4 NUMBER OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY NUMBER OF PERSONS IN EMPLOYMENT, SITUATION AS ON 31 DECEMBER2021

              Total Number of persons in employment
0 1 – 9 10 – 49 50 – 249 250 – 499 500 and more
  Total 168 242 62 278 88 220 13 683 3 470 319 272
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2 953 1 100 1 544 252 46 4 7
B Mining and quarrying 186 35 101 38 10 - 2
C Manufacturing 15 084 3 274 8 612 2 373 669 92 64
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 742 412 258 54 12 3 3
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 859 142 320 275 106 14 2
F Construction   18  065 5 284 10 607 1 886 265 16 7
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 27 124 7 055 17 508 2 159 311 45 46
H Transportation and storage 6 531 1 629 4 198 561 109 19 15
I Accommodation and food service activities 12 789 3 462 8 113 1 090 106 6 12
J Information and communication 7 523 2 363 4 453 596 91 15 5
K Financial and insurance activities 949 202 611 77 28 10 18
L Real estate activities 5 493 3 473 1 891 120 7 1 1
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 21 377 5 633 14 568 1 052 117 3 4
N Administrative and support service activities 7 046 2 653 3 834 441 97 9 12
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 911 16 223 448 173 29 22
P Education 3 613 433 1 175 976 1 005 18 6
Q Human health and social work activities 3 383 1 094 1 334 668 224 25 38
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 11 363 8 094 2 891 303 59 9 7
S Other service activities 22 253 15 923 5 979 314 35 1 1
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use 1 1 - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - - -

Observation of the structure of active legal entities according to the number of persons in paid employment shows that the highest share of 52.4% belonged to entities employing 1 – 9 persons, followed by 37.0% of entities without persons in employment, 8.1% of entities employing 10 – 49 persons and 2.1% of entities employing 50 – 249 persons, while entities employing more than 250 persons had a share of only 0.4%.

5 TRADE COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, SITUATION AS ON 31 DECEMBER 2021

              Legal organisational forms
Total Joint stock companies Limited liability companies
Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active
  Total 230 741 133 928 1 216 723 166 209 98 630
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 4 537 2 604 38 20 3 380 2 034
B Mining and quarrying 336 184 14 8 294 168
C Manufacturing 23 647 14 949 360 195 18 029 11 566
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1 559 739 8 5 1 316 656
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 1 320 856 8 4 1 074 744
F Construction 30 024 17 998 126 72 20 975 12 121
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 54 277 26 845 163 80 42 644 21 397
H Transportation and storage 11 251 6 488 64 39 6 468 4 091
I Accommodation and food service activities 24 611 12 694 127 90 13 103 7 351
J Information and communication 11 031 7 489 37 27 8 533 6 036
K Financial and insurance activities 1 457 921 103 74 1 221 772
L Real estate activities 10 276 5 491 32 26 9 051 4 907
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 31 175 21 189 110 71 24 179 16 776
N Administrative and support service activities 11 866 7 025 10 6 8 289 5 188
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 33 17 - - 20 12
P Education 1 559 1 095 2 1 1 060 753
Q Human health and social work activities 1 373 967 - - 1 056 786
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 2 942 1 811 10 4 1 800 1 104
S Other service activities 7 481 4 565 4 1 3 716 2  167
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use 2 1 - - 1 1
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - -

5 TRADE COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, SITUATION AS ON 31 DECEMBER 2021

(continued)

                      Legal organisational forms
Simple limited liability companies Public trade companies Main subsidiaries of foreign trade companies or individual traders Other legal forms
Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active
  Total 61 614 33 791 367 184 1 062 465 273 135
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 1 110 544 1 1 4 2 4 3
B Mining and quarrying 25 6 - - 3 2 - -
C Manufacturing 5 119 3 140 3 1 126 45 10 2
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 229 75 - - 5 2 1 -
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 228 107 - - 9 1 1 -
F Construction 8 596 5 684 46 9 271 110 10 1
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 11 191 5 250 11 2 250 109 18 6
H Transportation and storage 4 633 2 334 6 3 43 20 1 1
I Accommodation and food service activities 11 345 5 237 2 - 30 14 4 2
J Information and communication 2 404 1 395 6 4 47 25 4 3
K Financial and insurance activities 74 31 - - 18 11 41 33
L Real estate activities 1 137 529 6 2 39 19 11 8
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 6 411 4 084 275 155 175 90 25 12
N Administrative and support service activities 3 513 1 809 4 3 32 17 18 8
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 2 1 - - - - 11 4
P Education 511 338 1 - 4 2 1 1
Q Human health and social work activities 315 180 1 1 1 - - -
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 1 116 687 1 1 1 1 14 14
S Other service activities 3 654 2 360 4 2 4 1 89 34
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use 1 - - - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - - - -

Limited liability companies were markedly predominant in the structure of trade companies by legal organisational forms, with a share of 72.0% of registered and 73.6% of active ones. Simple limited liability companies held the second place by their number, with a share of 26.7% of registered and 25.2% of active companies. Other legal forms of trade companies constituted the remaining share of 1.3%.

6 REGISTERED NON-PROFIT LEGAL ENTITIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY ACTIVITY AND LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS, SITUATION AS ON 31 DECEMBER 2021

               Total registered legal entities Share of active legal entities, % Groups of legal organisational forms
Associations, institutions, economic co-operations, legislation, foundations, political parties and other organisations State government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units
  Total 73 133 45,8 70 207 2 426
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 4 50,0 4 -
B Mining and quarrying - - - -
C Manufacturing 7 42,9 7 -
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1 0,0 1 -
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 5 40,0 5 -
F Construction 1 100,0 1 -
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 217 89,9 217 -
H Transportation and storage 35 97,1 35 -
I Accommodation and food service activities 56 89,3 56 -
J Information and communication 62 45,2 62 -
K Financial and insurance activities 217 6,9 217 -
L Real estate activities - - - -
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 197 79,2 197 -
N Administrative and support service activities 8 37,5 8 -
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 3 035 29,4 609 2 426
P Education 2 866 87,9 2 866 -
Q Human health and social work activities 3 789 63,3 3 789 -
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 19 862 48,0 19 862 -
S Other service activities 42 217 41,9 42 217 -
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 54 - 54 -

The structure of registered non-profit legal entities by legal forms shows that associations, institutions, co-operations and similar organisations had a share of 96.0%, while state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units had a share of 3.3%.

Concerning the activity of the mentioned legal entities, there were 45.8% of active ones. Their structure by activities shows that they were entities belonging to four activity sections: Other service activities with 57.7% of registered and 41.9% of active ones, Public administration and defence; compulsory social security with 4.1% of registered and 29.4% of active ones, Human health and social work activities with 5.2% of registered and 63.3% of active entities and Education with only 3.9% of registered ones, but with the largest share of active entities (87.9%).

7 STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, BY COUNTIES, SITUATION AS ON 31 DECEMBER 2021

County of Total registered legal entities Trade companies Co-operatives Registered institutions, bodies, associations and organisations Entities in crafts and trades and free lances
Registered Active Registered Active
Republic of Croatia 307 413 230 741 133 928 3 593 800 73 133 88 205
Zagreb 19 548 15 344 9 372 142 29 4 062 5 215
Krapina-Zagorje 5 528 3 663 2 318 75 17 1 790 2 522
Sisak-Moslavina 6 802 4 064 2 321 163 28 2 575 2 240
Karlovac 5 913 3 794 2 287 130 26 1 989 1 911
Varaždin 9 049 6 450 4 170 96 18 2 503 2 829
Koprivnica-Križevci 5 095 3 209 1 942 198 36 1 688 1 612
Bjelovar-Bilogora 5 712 3 762 2 224 209 44 1 741 1 281
Primorje-Gorski kotar 25 794 20 289 11 150 155 35 5 350 9 134
Lika-Senj 2 576 1 536 925 75 11 965 832
Virovitica-Podravina 3 323 1 900 1 156 117 21 1 306 1 123
Požega-Slavonia 2 657 1 472 946 52 7 1 133 1 126
Slavonski Brod-Posavina 5 732 3 597 2 117 90 21 2 045 2 172
Zadar 11 139 8 263 4 967 218 50 2 658 4 308
Osijek-Baranja 15 132 9 478 5 692 271 84 5 383 4 677
Šibenik-Knin 6 599 4 339 2 330 205 47 2 055 2 602
Vukovar-Sirmium 6 647 3 713 2 197 212 64 2 722 2 317
Split-Dalmatia 31 800 24 167 14 176 431 126 7 202 11 668
Istria 22 844 18 933 10 622 111 17 3 800 7 557
Dubrovnik-Neretva 8 919 6 157 3 882 100 34 2 662 3 775
Međimurje 7 064 5 434 3 374 48 9 1 582 1 389
City of Zagreb 99 467 81 177 45 760 441 76 17 849 17 915

The data on the territorial distribution of business entities at the county level show that slightly less than one third of the total number of registered business entities (legal entities) were situated in the City of Zagreb. The City of Zagreb, however, had a significantly lower share of entities in crafts and trades and free lances, amounting to 20.3%. The County of Split-Dalmatia followed, with a share of 10.5% of legal entities and 13.2% of natural persons.

Three counties had a share larger than 5% of registered legal entities: the County of Primorje-Gorski kotar (8.4%), the County of Istria (7.4%) and the County of Zagreb (6.4%). The number of natural persons came in the same order.

The territorial structure of active trade companies was different in relation to the structure of the registered ones. Hence, the City of Zagreb had a share of 35.2% of registered and 34.2% of active entities, while the share of the second largest county, the County of Split-Dalmatia, was 10.6% of active and 10.5% of registered entities.

8 CREATING, DELETING AND HARMONISING OF REGISTERED LEGAL ENTITIES, 2020 AND 2021

              2020 2021
I – III IV – VI VII – IX X – XII I – III IV. – VI. VII. – IX. X – XII
Creating 3 583 2 454 3 198 3 713 3 720 3 805 3 599 4 078
Trade companies 3 127 2 194 2 843 3 354 3 278 3 436 3 262 3 695
Other 456 260 355 359 442 369 337 442
Deleting 228 112 165 151 179 120 76 195
Enterprises  11) 3 1 2 - 1 - -
Trade companies 131 85 119 109 112 72 54 98
Other 96 24 45 40 67 47 22 97
Harmonising according to the Companies Act 6 4 6 3 1 2 2 -

1) Enterprises and co-operatives.

Data on changes in registered entities are divided into three groups: creations, deletions and harmonisations. They show that the number of creations and harmonisations increased in the mentioned period, while the number of deletions decreased.

The share of trade companies in the number of newly created entities in the observed period was 90.6%.

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

I Introduction

Based on the Act on the National Classification of Activities (NN, No. 98/94), the Decision on the National Classification of Activities − NKD 2007. (NN, Nos 58/07 and 72/07) and the Ordinance on the Classification of Business Entities According to the National Classification of Activities − NKD 2007. (NN, Nos. 55/16 and 35/18), the Croatian Bureau of Statistics keeps the Register of Business Entities (hereinafter referred to as: Register). The Register, pursuant to provisions of the aforementioned Ordinance, includes legal entities, state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units and parts thereof (hereinafter referred to as: business entities). The Register does not presently include natural persons engaged in activities according to regulations, foreign associations headquartered in the Republic of Croatia and business entities not headquartered in the Republic of Croatia.

The NKD 2007. is based on the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community – NACE Rev. 2, which is obligatory in EU Member States.

II Methods and sources of data collection

On registration, each business entity is assigned a seven-digit registration number, while its constituent parts are assigned an additional four-digit ordinal number besides that number.

Moreover, each business entity and parts thereof are assigned an activity code according to the NKD 2007.

Registered business entities are classified according to their prevailing activities in such a way that a numerical denotation of a class of the main activity is defined according to the NKD 2007. When, on the basis of a formal decision on registration with a competent authority or by law, a business entity is established to be engaged in more than one activity, the first classification according to the NKD 2007. is made upon the proposal of the business entity. Every subsequent classification of the business entity resulting in a change of the main activity is made in the following cases:

1) Upon the request of the business entity
2) Upon official duty, based on a change in the decision on registration with a competent authority or a change in the law.

The activity of the constituent parts of a business entity is established on the basis of a decision on registration with a competent authority or law on creation, irrespective of the activity of the business entity they are a part of.

Entry, registration, change and withdrawal of business entities are updated daily in the Register. Legal basis for updating the Register are the following:

1) Registers kept by:

– trade courts
– ministries
– state administration offices
– other registration bodies

2) Laws, decisions and other legal documents published in Narodne novine.

Registered business entities are structured according to the legal basis, as follows:

– trade companies, enterprises, co-operatives and institutions are registered in the Register upon decisions of registration bodies (trade courts),
– state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units registered according to the law
– associations, foundations, political parties and others registered on the basis of decisions of registry bodies according to specific laws.

Difficulties in updating of a significant proportion of units in the Register are a consequence of long-term transition periods during which register bodies harmonise business entities according to a new legislation. This also postpones the procedure of deletions of business entities who have not submitted a request for harmonisation in line with new regulations. Consequently, the Register data have constantly been changing in line with data on business entities subsequently collected from publicly available data bases.

A lack in the coverage of the Register is related to business entities engaged in activities of crafts and free lances, foreign associations headquartered in the Republic of Croatia and business entities not headquartered in the Republic of Croatia. In addition, it must be pointed out that there are methodological discrepancies between the Register as an administrative data base and the Statistical Business Register (hereinafter referred to as: eSPRi).

The data of the Register of Business Entities are linked to administrative data bases through an identification number, a registration number and a personal identification number.

III Meaning of individual terms

Business entities are legal entities and natural persons that perform activities according to the law, public government bodies (government administration bodies, other government bodies, bodies of local and regional self-government units, legal entities and other public authorities, legal entities established by the Republic of Croatia or local and regional self-government units, legal entities performing public service, legal entities financed mostly or completely from the state or local and regional self-government units budgets, that is, from public funds (taxes, provisions etc.), on the basis of a special act as well as trade companies in which the Republic of Croatia or the local and regional self-government units hold individual or joint majority ownership.

Registered legal entities (business entities) are units that are registered in the Register. These are: trade companies, institutions, co-operatives, associations, political parties, public government bodies and other non-harmonised units that held a legal subjectivity status according to previously valid laws.

Active legal entities (business entities) are registered legal entities entered into the Register, for which the activity status has been determined according to the eSPRi data. 

Natural persons are units that carry out activities in line with the law and refer to crafts and trades and free lances.

Main activity is an activity established according to the largest share in the total value added in the case of business entities that make profit through production, trade or rendering of services on the market or by the largest share in the number of persons in employment according to the payroll and gross paid-off salaries in the case of business entities that do not make profit through production, trade and rendering of services on the market.

Identification number is a permanent identification denomination of each business entity. It is used in all activities of official statistics. It is determined in the process of allocation of a control number according to module 11, while any part of a business entity is at the same time determined a four-digit ordinal number along with the identification number.

Registration number is a number under which a business entity is entered in a court or another specific register.

Personal identification number (OIB) is a permanent identification designation of an OIB holder, used by OIB users in official records, in everyday activities and in data exchange. OIB is unique, non-revealing, unchangeable and non-iterative.

Legal organisational form is a characteristic of units in the Register that divides them as joint-stock companies, limited liability companies, simple limited liability companies, co-operatives, institutions, associations, state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units and other legal organisational forms. A legal organisational form of the Register has been determined by a decision of a competent registration body or by act on creation that is a basis for their entry into the Register.

Type of ownership is a characteristic of units entered into the Register that indicates the ownership structure of the unit and refer to the ownership of assets, that is, to startup deposit of a business entity.

Number of persons in employment is the feature used for indicating the size and structure of business entities. It is derived from Fina’s annual financial reports. In order to update this feature, as indicated in tables, the data have been harmonised with the regular monthly statistical survey that covers employment.

 

Abbreviations  
   
Fina Financial Agency
NKD 2007. National Classification of Activities, 2007 version
NN Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia

 

Symbols  
   
- no occurrence
0.0 value not zero but less than 0.05 of the unit of measure used

 

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