First Release

Year: LVIII.
Zagreb, 09 November 2021
POSL-2021-1-1/3

ISSN 1334-0557

NUMBER AND STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, SEPTEMBER 2021

The comparison of the number of legal entities in the Register of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics with the number of active legal entities in other registers shows that the share of active legal entities was 58.2%.

This discrepancy occurs due to differences in the methodology of data entry method and of defining activities applied in individual registers.

The data on the number of entities in crafts and trades and free lances refers to the number of self-employed entrepreneurs, with or without employees, as well as to the number of persons engaged in a professional activity according to pension insurance records.

1 BUSINESS ENTITIES, SITUATION AS ON 30 SEPTEMBER 2021

   Number of registered legal entities Number of active entities Share of active legal entities, %
Total 303 535 176 668 58,2
Trade companies 227 194 140 976 62,1
Co-operatives 3 587 848 23,6
Institutions, bodies, associations and organisations 72 754 34 844 47,9
Entities in crafts and trades and free lances - 91 084 -

G-1 STRUCTURE OF LEGAL ENTITIES1), BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, SEPTEMBER 2021

1) Including government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units.

2 STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, BY ACTIVITY AND ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS, SITUATION AS ON 30 SEPTEMBER 2021

            Number of legal entities Active legal entities Crafts and trades and free lances
Registered Structure of registered legal entities, % Active Structure of active legal entities, % Profit Non-profit
  Total 303 535 100,0 176 668 100,0 140 976 34 844 91 084
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 5 691 1,9 3 071 1,7 2 711 2 2 681
B Mining and quarrying 340 0,1 189 0,1 187 - 40
C Manufacturing 23 720 7,8 15 629 8,8 15 481 3 7 998
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1 532 0,5 791 0,4 789 - 9
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 1 317 0,4 887 0,5 883 3 92
F Construction 30 142 9,9 18 553 10,5 18 482 1 9 629
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 54 417 17,9 28 990 16,4 28 706 195 9 345
H Transportation and storage 11 048 3,7 7 374 4,2 7 328 34 6 178
I Accommodation and food service activities 24 428 8,0 14 213 8,0 14 117 50 8 049
J Information and communication 10 870 3,6 7 658 4,3 7 623 28 3 526
K Financial and insurance activities 1 876 0,6 989 0,6 951 29 535
L Real estate activities 10 031 3,3 5 630 3,2 5 628 - 532
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 31 046 10,2 22 021 12,5 21 822 165 12 391
N Administrative and support service activities 11 751 3,9 7 442 4,2 7 417 4 3 598
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 3 067 1,0 988 0,6 19 968 6 181
P Education 4 441 1,5 3 665 2,1 1 126 2 539 820
Q Human health and social work activities 5 152 1,7 3 487 2,0 1 008 2 457 7 425
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 22 665 7,5 11 694 6,7 1 879 9 799 2 985
S Other service activities 49 939 16,5 23 395 13,2 4 818 18 566 10 279
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods-and services-producing activities of households for own use 2 0,0 1 0,0 1 - 51
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 54 0,0 1 0,0 - 1 -
  Unknown - - - - - - 49

The data on the structure of business entities by economic activities show that more than a half of both registered and active entities belong to the following four activity sections: Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles with 17.9% of registered and 16.4% of active entities, Manufacturing with 7.8% of registered and 8.8% of active entities, Professional, scientific and technical activities with 10.2% of registered and 12.5% of active entities and Other service activities with 16.5% of registered and 13.2% of active entities.

The share of profit entities in the total active business entities was 79.8% and their structure by economic activities shows that 70.0% of them belonged to five activity sections, shown in the following order of frequency: Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (20.4%), Professional, scientific and technical activities (15.5%), Manufacturing (11.0%), Construction (13.1%) and Accommodation and food service activities (10.0%).

The share of non-profit active entities was 19.7%. Half of them were classified into the activity section Other service activities. The remaining half was distributed between Arts, entertainment and recreation (28.1%), Education (7.3%), Human health and social work activities (7.1%) and Public administration and defence; compulsory social security (2.8%).

The structure of entities in crafts and trades and free lances by economic activities was much more balanced than the structure of legal entities. Professional, scientific and technical activities was the most frequent activity section. Besides this activity section, five other activities covered one half of the total number of entities.

G-2 STRUCTURE OF LEGAL ENTITIES1), BY ACTIVITY AND ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS, SEPTEMBER 2021

1) Including government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units.

NKD 2007. activity sections

A Agriculture, forestry and fishing
B Mining and quarrying
C Manufacturing
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
F Construction
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
H Transportation and storage
I Accommodation and food service activities
J Information and communication
K Financial and insurance activities
L Real estate activities
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
N Administrative and support service activities
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
P Education
Q Human health and social work activities
R Arts, entertainment and recreation
S Other service activities

3 STRUCTURE OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, BY OWNERSHIP TYPES AND NKD 2007. SECTIONS, SITUATION AS ON 30 SEPTEMBER 2021

             Total Ownership types
State ownership Private ownership Co-operative ownership Mixed ownership No ownership
The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, %
  Total 176 668 1 376 0,8 139 560 79,0 851 0,5 784 0,4 34 097 19,3
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 3 071 15 0,5 2 666 86,8 358 11,7 30 1,0 2 0,1
B Mining and quarrying 189 3 1,6 175 92,6 2 1,1 9 4,8 - -
C Manufacturing 15 629 68 0,4 15 225 97,4 145 0,9 189 1,2 2 0,0
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 791 34 4,3 745 94,2 3 0,4 9 1,1 - -
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 887 324 36,5 552 62,2 1 0,1 8 0,9 2 0,2
F Construction 18 553 79 0,4 18 350 98,9 71 0,2 52 0,3 1 0,0
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 28 990 41 0,1 28 555 98,5 90 0,3 143 0,5 161 0,6
H Transportation and storage 7 374 60 0,8 7 234 98,1 12 0,2 37 0,5 31 0,4
I Accommodation and food service activities 14 213 48 0,3 14 002 98,5 46 0,3 70 0,5 47 0,3
J Information and communication 7 658 38 0,5 7 541 98,5 7 0,1 48 0,6 24 0,3
K Financial and insurance activities 989 18 1,8 925 93,5 8 0,8 10 1,0 28 2,8
L Real estate activities 5 630 37 0,7 5 568 98,9 2 0,0 23 0,4 - -
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 22 021 186 0,8 21 577 98,0 35 0,2 111 0,5 112 0,5
N Administrative and support service activities 7 442 66 0,9 7 336 98,6 21 0,3 15 0,2 4 0,1
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 988 34 3,4 5 0,5 1 0,1 1 0,1 947 95,9
P Education 3 665 158 4,3 1 282 35,0 - - 4 0,1 2 221 60,6
Q Human health and social work activities 3 487 47 1,3 1 199 34,4 22 0,6 4 0,1 2 215 63,5
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 11 694 87 0,7 1 851 15,8 16 0,1 7 0,1 9 733 83,2
S Other service activities 23 395 33 0,1 4 771 20,4 11 0,0 14 0,1 18 566 79,4
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods-and services-producing activities of households for own use 1 - - 1 100,0 - - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 1 - - - - - - - - 1 100,0

G-3 STRUCTURE OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, BY OWNERSHIP TYPES, SEPTEMBER 2021

The structure of active legal entities by ownership types shows that the private ownership predominated with 79.0% of entities, while 0.8% of entities were owned by the state, 0.5% of them were in mixed ownership and 0.4% of entities were in co-operative ownership. The ownership of 19.3% of legal entities was not monitored.

The ownership structure by activities shows that privately owned entities were predominant in service activities, e.g. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles had a share of 98.5%, Real estate activities of 98.9% and Transportation and storage of 98.1%. Approximately the same share of private ownership existed in the productive activities such as Construction (98.9%), Manufacturing (97.4%) and Information and communication (98.5%).

4 NUMBER OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY NUMBER OF PERSONS IN EMPLOYMENT, SITUATION AS ON 30 SEPTEMBER 2021

          Total Number of persons in employment
0 1 – 9 10 – 49 50 – 249 250 – 499 500 and more
  Total 176 668 72 318 86 727 13 514 3 502 333 274
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 3 071 1 278 1 491 240 50 6 6
B Mining and quarrying 189 44 96 37 10 - 2
C Manufacturing 15 629 4 044 8 411 2 338 675 97 64
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 791 468 253 52 12 3 3
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 887 193 301 271 107 12 3
F Construction 18 553 6 730 9 868 1 684 247 19 5
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 28 990 8 839 17 566 2 180 310 48 47
H Transportation and storage 7 374 2 279 4 441 509 109 20 16
I Accommodation and food service activities 14 213 4 699 8 125 1 223 143 10 13
J Information and communication 7 658 2 806 4 169 573 90 15 5
K Financial and insurance activities 988 249 603 82 28 9 18
L Real estate activities 5 630 3 692 1 806 123 7 1 1
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 22 021 6 753 14 117 1 035 106 6 4
N Administrative and support service activities 7 442 3 051 3 793 469 106 9 14
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 988 43 259 444 196 26 20
P Education 3 665 527 1 153 974 986 18 7
Q Human health and social work activities 3 487 1 247 1 306 647 225 24 38
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 11 694 8 446 2 857 318 57 9 7
S Other service activities 23 395 16 929 6 112 314 38 1 1
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use 1 1 - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 1 - - 1 - - -

Observation of the structure of active legal entities according to the number of persons in paid employment shows that the highest share of 49.1% belonged to entities employing 1 – 9 persons, followed by 40.9% of entities without persons in employment, 7.6% of entities employing 10 – 49 persons and 2.0% of entities employing 50 – 249 persons, while entities employing more than 250 persons had a share of only 0.4%.

5 TRADE COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, SITUATION AS ON 30 SEPTEMBER 2021

            Legal organisational forms
Total Joint stock companies Limited liability companies
Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active
  Total 227 194 140 976 1 223 777 164 039 101 742
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 4 461 2 711 38 23 3 326 2 057
B Mining and quarrying 332 187 14 9 290 166
C Manufacturing 23 307 15 481 364 212 17 832 11 864
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1 524 789 8 5 1 288 684
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 1 304 883 8 4 1 068 765
F Construction 29 327 18 482 126 74 20 595 12 336
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 53 580 28 706 165 9 089 42 385 22 521
H Transportation and storage 10 990 7 328 64 41 6 371 4 246
I Accommodation and food service activities 24 234 14 117 126 95 12 937 7 821
J Information and communication 10 787 7 623 37 29 8 346 6 073
K Financial and insurance activities 1 441 951 104 79 1 204 787
L Real estate activities 10 022 5 628 31 26 8 834 4 969
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 30 745 21 822 111 76 23 858 17 128
N Administrative and support service activities 11 652 7 417 10 8 8 145 5 360
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 33 19 - - 20 13
P Education 1 557 1 126 2 1 1 043 757
Q Human health and social work activities 1 341 1 008 - - 1 034 809
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 2 891 1 879 10 5 1 769 1 132
S Other service activities 7 394 4 818 4 1 3 693 2 253
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use 2 1 - - 1 1
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - -

5 TRADE COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, SITUATION AS ON 30 SEPTEMBER 2021

(continued)

           Legal organisational forms
Simple limited liability companies Public trade companies Main subsidiaries of foreign trade companies or individual traders Other legal forms
Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active
  Total 60 241 37 608 367 196 1 050 508 274 145
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 1 088 623 1 1 4 4 4 3
B Mining and quarrying 25 10 - - 3 2 - -
C Manufacturing 4 974 3 353 4 2 123 49 10 1
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 222 97 - - 5 2 - 1
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 218 113 - - 9 1 1 -
F Construction 8 282 5 945 46 9 268 117 10 1
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 11 022 5 965 11 2 249 122 18 7
H Transportation and storage 4 505 3 015 6 3 43 22 1 1
I Accommodation and food service activities 11 136 6 186 2 - 29 13 4 2
J Information and communication 2 347 1 488 6 4 47 27 4 2
K Financial and insurance activities 74 36 - - 18 12 41 37
L Real estate activities 1 104 601 5 1 36 22 11 9
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 6 302 4 347 275 166 174 94 25 11
N Administrative and support service activities 3 442 2 016 4 3 32 17 19 13
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 2 1 - - - - 11 5
P Education 506 365 1 - 4 2 1 1
Q Human health and social work activities 305 198 1 1 1 - - -
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 1 096 726 1 1 1 1 14 14
S Other service activities 3 590 2 523 4 3 4 1 99 37
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use 1 - - - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - - - -

Limited liability companies were markedly predominant in the structure of trade companies by legal organisational forms, with a share of 72.2% of registered and 72.2% of active ones. Simple limited liability companies held the second place by their number, with a share of 26.5% of registered and 26.7% of active companies. Other legal forms of trade companies constituted the remaining share of 1.3%.

6 REGISTERED NON-PROFIT LEGAL ENTITIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY ACTIVITY AND LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS, SITUATION AS ON 30 SEPTEMBER 2021

            Total registered legal entities Share of active legal entities, % Groups of legal organisational forms
Associations, institutions, economic co-operations, legislation, foundations, political parties and other organisations State government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units
  Total 72 754 47,9 70 328 2 426
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 4 50,0 4 -
B Mining and quarrying - - - -
C Manufacturing 7 42,9 7 -
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1 0,0 1 -
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 5 60,0 5 -
F Construction 1 100,0 1 -
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 217 89,9 217 -
H Transportation and storage 35 97,1 35 -
I Accommodation and food service activities 56 89,3 56 -
J Information and communication 61 45,9 61 -
K Financial and insurance activities 217 13,4 217 -
L Real estate activities - - - -
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 197 83,8 197 -
N Administrative and support service activities 9 44,4 9 -
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 3 033 31,9 607 2 426
P Education 2 851 89,1 2 851 -
Q Human health and social work activities 3 766 65,2 3 766 -
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 19 741 49,6 19 741 -
S Other service activities 42 499 43,7 42 499 -
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 54 1,9 54 -

The structure of registered non-profit legal entities by legal forms shows that associations, institutions, co-operations and similar organisations had a share of 96.7%, while state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units had a share of 3.3%.

Concerning the activity of the mentioned legal entities, there were 47.9% of active ones. Their structure by activities shows that they were entities belonging to four activity sections: Other service activities with 58.4% of registered and 43.7% of active ones, Public administration and defence; compulsory social security with 4.2% of registered and 31.9% of active ones, Human health and social work activities with 5.2% of registered and 65.2% of active entities and Education with only 3.9% of registered ones, but with the largest share of active entities (89.1%).

7 STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, BY COUNTIES, SITUATION AS ON 30 SEPTEMBER 2021

County of Total registered legal entities Trade companies Co-operatives Registered institutions, bodies, associations and organisations Entities in crafts and trades and free lances
Registered Active Registered Active
Republic of Croatia 303 535 227 194 140 976 3 587 848 72 754 91 084
Zagreb 19 265 15 086 9 725 145 36 4 034 5 225
Krapina-Zagorje 5 476 3 613 2 382 76 18 1 787 2 517
Sisak-Moslavina 6 700 3 969 2 409 164 27 2 567 2 196
Karlovac 5 840 3 729 2 414 131 29 1 980 1 888
Varaždin 8 917 6 320 4 295 100 19 2 497 2 805
Koprivnica-Križevci 5 030 3 147 1 996 198 39 1 685 1 589
Bjelovar-Bilogora 5 712 3 698 2 322 209 49 1 805 1 300
Primorje-Gorski kotar 25 464 19 986 11 795 154 31 5 324 9 445
Lika-Senj 2 547 1 511 947 75 11 961 909
Virovitica-Podravina 3 286 1 871 1 184 116 22 1 299 1 095
Požega-Slavonia 2 627 1 448 994 53 8 1 126 1 112
Slavonski Brod-Posavina 5 561 3 533 2 202 92 22 1 936 2 127
Zadar 10 977 8 120 5 228 220 57 2 637 4 748
Osijek-Baranja 14 935 9 302 6 098 276 90 5 357 4 630
Šibenik-Knin 6 519 4 283 2 488 206 43 2 030 2 972
Vukovar-Sirmium 6 551 3 629 2 310 217 66 2 705 2 306
Split-Dalmatia 31 413 23 807 14 917 438 125 7 168 12 627
Istria 22 516 18 619 11 136 114 22 3 783 7 979
Dubrovnik-Neretva 8 837 6 088 4 079 100 37 2 649 4 147
Međimurje 6 984 5 360 3 554 49 10 1 575 1 378
City of Zagreb 98 278 80 075 48 474 454 87 17 749 18 092

The data on the territorial distribution of business entities at the county level show that slightly less than one third of the total number of registered business entities (legal entities) were situated in the City of Zagreb. The City of Zagreb, however, had a significantly lower share of entities in crafts and trades and free lances, amounting to 19.9%. The County of Split-Dalmatia followed, with a share of 10.3% of legal entities and 13.9% of natural persons.

Three counties had a share larger than 5.0% of registered legal entities: the County of Primorje-Gorski kotar (8.4%), the County of Istria (7.4%) and the County of Zagreb (6.3%). The number of natural persons came in the same order.

The territorial structure of active trade companies was different in relation to the structure of the registered ones. Hence, the City of Zagreb had a share of 35.2% of registered and 34.4% of active entities, while the share of the second largest county, the County of Split-Dalmatia, was 10.6% of active and 10.5% of registered entities.

8 CREATING, DELETING AND HARMONISING OF REGISTERED LEGAL ENTITIES, 2020 AND 2021

         2020 2021
I – III IV – VI VII – IX X – XII I – III IV. – VI. VII. – IX.
Creating 3 583 2 454 3 198 3 713 3 720 3 805 3 599
Trade companies 3 127 2 194 2 843 3 354 3 278 3 436 3 262
Other 456 260 355 359 442 369 337
Deleting 228 112 165 151 179 120 76
Enterprises  11) 3 1 2 - 1 -
Trade companies 131 85 119 109 112 72 54
Other 96 24 45 40 67 47 22
Harmonising according to the Companies Act 6 4 6 3 1 2 2

1) Enterprises and co-operatives.

Data on changes in registered entities are divided into three groups: creations, deletions and harmonisations. They show that the number of creations and harmonisations increased in the mentioned period, while the number of deletions decreased.

The share of trade companies in the number of newly created entities in the observed period was 90.3%.

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

I Introduction

Based on the Act on the National Classification of Activities (NN, No. 98/94), the Decision on the National Classification of Activities − NKD 2007. (NN, Nos 58/07 and 72/07) and the Ordinance on the Classification of Business Entities According to the National Classification of Activities − NKD 2007. (NN, Nos. 55/16 and 35/18), the Croatian Bureau of Statistics keeps the Register of Business Entities (hereinafter referred to as: Register). The Register, pursuant to provisions of the aforementioned Ordinance, includes legal entities, state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units and parts thereof (hereinafter referred to as: business entities). The Register does not presently include natural persons engaged in activities according to regulations, foreign associations headquartered in the Republic of Croatia and business entities not headquartered in the Republic of Croatia.

The NKD 2007. is based on the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community – NACE Rev. 2, which is obligatory in EU Member States.

II Methods and sources of data collection

On registration, each business entity is assigned a seven-digit registration number, while its constituent parts are assigned an additional four-digit ordinal number besides that number.

Moreover, each business entity and parts thereof are assigned an activity code according to the NKD 2007.

Registered business entities are classified according to their prevailing activities in such a way that a numerical denotation of a class of the main activity is defined according to the NKD 2007. When, on the basis of a formal decision on registration with a competent authority or by law, a business entity is established to be engaged in more than one activity, the first classification according to the NKD 2007. is made upon the proposal of the business entity. Every subsequent classification of the business entity resulting in a change of the main activity is made in the following cases:

1) Upon the request of the business entity
2) Upon official duty, based on a change in the decision on registration with a competent authority or a change in the law.

The activity of the constituent parts of a business entity is established on the basis of a decision on registration with a competent authority or law on creation, irrespective of the activity of the business entity they are a part of.

Entry, registration, change and withdrawal of business entities are updated daily in the Register. Legal basis for updating the Register are the following:

1) Registers kept by:

– trade courts
– ministries
– state administration offices
– other registration bodies

2) Laws, decisions and other legal documents published in Narodne novine.

Registered business entities are structured according to the legal basis, as follows:

– trade companies, enterprises, co-operatives and institutions are registered in the Register upon decisions of registration bodies (trade courts),
– state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units registered according to the law
– associations, foundations, political parties and others registered on the basis of decisions of registry bodies according to specific laws.

Difficulties in updating of a significant proportion of units in the Register are a consequence of long-term transition periods during which register bodies harmonise business entities according to a new legislation. This also postpones the procedure of deletions of business entities who have not submitted a request for harmonisation in line with new regulations. Consequently, the Register data have constantly been changing in line with data on business entities subsequently collected from publicly available data bases.

A lack in the coverage of the Register is related to business entities engaged in activities of crafts and free lances, foreign associations headquartered in the Republic of Croatia and business entities not headquartered in the Republic of Croatia. In addition, it must be pointed out that there are methodological discrepancies between the Register as an administrative data base and the Statistical Business Register (hereinafter referred to as: eSPRi).

The data of the Register of Business Entities are linked to administrative data bases through an identification number, a registration number and a personal identification number.

III Meaning of individual terms

Business entities are legal entities and natural persons that perform activities according to the law, public government bodies (government administration bodies, other government bodies, bodies of local and regional self-government units, legal entities and other public authorities, legal entities established by the Republic of Croatia or local and regional self-government units, legal entities performing public service, legal entities financed mostly or completely from the state or local and regional self-government units budgets, that is, from public funds (taxes, provisions etc.), on the basis of a special act as well as trade companies in which the Republic of Croatia or the local and regional self-government units hold individual or joint majority ownership.

Registered legal entities (business entities) are units that are registered in the Register. These are: trade companies, institutions, co-operatives, associations, political parties, public government bodies and other non-harmonised units that held a legal subjectivity status according to previously valid laws.

Active legal entities (business entities) are registered legal entities entered into the Register, for which the activity status has been determined according to the eSPRi data. 

Natural persons are units that carry out activities in line with the law and refer to crafts and trades and free lances.

Main activity is an activity established according to the largest share in the total value added in the case of business entities that make profit through production, trade or rendering of services on the market or by the largest share in the number of persons in employment according to the payroll and gross paid-off salaries in the case of business entities that do not make profit through production, trade and rendering of services on the market.

Identification number is a permanent identification denomination of each business entity. It is used in all activities of official statistics. It is determined in the process of allocation of a control number according to module 11, while any part of a business entity is at the same time determined a four-digit ordinal number along with the identification number.

Registration number is a number under which a business entity is entered in a court or another specific register.

Personal identification number (OIB) is a permanent identification designation of an OIB holder, used by OIB users in official records, in everyday activities and in data exchange. OIB is unique, non-revealing, unchangeable and non-iterative.

Legal organisational form is a characteristic of units in the Register that divides them as joint-stock companies, limited liability companies, simple limited liability companies, co-operatives, institutions, associations, state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units and other legal organisational forms. A legal organisational form of the Register has been determined by a decision of a competent registration body or by act on creation that is a basis for their entry into the Register.

Type of ownership is a characteristic of units entered into the Register that indicates the ownership structure of the unit and refer to the ownership of assets, that is, to startup deposit of a business entity.

Number of persons in employment is the feature used for indicating the size and structure of business entities. It is derived from Fina’s annual financial reports. In order to update this feature, as indicated in tables, the data have been harmonised with the regular monthly statistical survey that covers employment.

 

Abbreviations  
   
EU European Union
Fina Financial Agency
NKD 2007. National Classification of Activities, 2007 version
NN Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia

 

Symbols  
   
- no occurrence
0.0 value not zero but less than 0.05 of the unit of measure used

 

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