First Release

Year: LVIII.
Zagreb, 10 May 2021
POSL-2021-1-1/1

ISSN 1334-0557

NUMBER AND STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, MARCH 2021

The comparison of the number of legal entities in the Register of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics with the number of active legal entities in other registers shows that the share of active legal entities was 57.2%.

This discrepancy occurs due to differences in the methodology of data entry method and of defining activities applied in individual registers.

The data on the number of entities in crafts and trades and free lances refers to the number of self-employed entrepreneurs, with or without employees, as well as to the number of persons engaged in a professional activity according to pension insurance records.

1 BUSINESS ENTITIES, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2021

   Number of registered legal entities Number of active entities Share of active legal entities, %
Total 296 221 169 338 57,2
Trade companies 220 588 134 365 60,9
Co-operatives 3 573 833 23,3
Institutions, bodies, associations and organisations 72 060 34 140 47,4
Entities in crafts and trades and free lances - 85 142 -

G-1 STRUCTURE OF LEGAL ENTITIES1), BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, MARCH 2021

1) Including government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units.

2 STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, BY ACTIVITY AND ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2021

     Number of legal entities Active legal entities Crafts and trades and free lances
Registered Structure of registered legal entities, % Active Structure of active legal entities, % Profit Non-profit
  Total 296 221 100,0 169 338 100,0 135 198 34 140 85 142
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 5 564 1,9 2 943 1,7 2 941 2 2 673
B Mining and quarrying 339 0,1 189 0,1 189 - 43
C Manufacturing 23 089 7,8 14 997 8,9 14 994 3 7 710
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1 463 0,5 721 0,4 721 - 9
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 1 278 0,4 848 0,5 845 3 81
F Construction 28 754 9,7 17 175 10,1 17 174 1 9 196
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 53 613 18,1 28 173 16,6 27 981 192 8 439
H Transportation and storage 10 683 3,6 6 965 4,1 6 931 34 5 787
I Accommodation and food service activities 23 694 8,0 13 478 8,0 13 428 50 6 730
J Information and communication 10 432 3,5 7 224 4,3 7 198 26 3 214
K Financial and insurance activities 1 849 0,6 953 0,6 929 24 520
L Real estate activities 9 597 3,2 5 192 3,1 5 192 - 496
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 30 274 10,2 21 249 12,5 21 086 163 12 428
N Administrative and support service activities 11 414 3,9 7 112 4,2 7 108 4 2 984
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 3 061 1,0 982 0,6 17 965 6 226
P Education 4 339 1,5 3 594 2,1 1 089 2 505 748
Q Human health and social work activities 5 032 1,7 3 370 2,0 961 2 409 5 101
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 22 348 7,5 11 386 6,7 1 799 9 587 2 832
S Other service activities 49 342 16,7 22 785 13,5 4 614 18 171 9 829
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods-and services-producing activities of households for own use 2 0,0 1 0,0 1 - 46
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 54 0,0 1 0,0 - 1 -
  Unknown - - - - - - 50

The data on the structure of business entities by economic activities show that more than a half of both registered and active entities belong to the following four activity sections: Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles with 18.1% of registered and 16.6% of active entities, Manufacturing with 7.8% of registered and 8.9% of active entities, Professional, scientific and technical activities with 10.2% of registered and 12.5% of active entities and Other service activities with 16.7% of registered and 13.5% of active entities.

The share of profit entities in the total active business entities was 79.8% and their structure by economic activities shows that 70.0% of them belonged to five activity sections, shown in the following order of frequency: Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (20.7%), Professional, scientific and technical activities (15.6%), Manufacturing (11.1%), Construction (12.7%) and Accommodation and food service activities (9.9%).

The share of non-profit active entities was 20.2%. Half of them were classified into the activity section Other service activities. The remaining half was distributed between Arts, entertainment and recreation (28.1%), Education (7.3%), Human health and social work activities (7.1%) and Public administration and defence; compulsory social security (2.8%).

The structure of entities in crafts and trades and free lances by economic activities was much more balanced than the structure of legal entities. Professional, scientific and technical activities was the most frequent activity section. Besides this activity section, five other activities covered one half of the total number of entities.

G-2. STRUCTURE OF LEGAL ENTITIES1), BY ACTIVITY AND ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS, MARCH 2021

1) Including government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units.

NKD 2007. activity sections

A Agriculture, forestry and fishing
B Mining and quarrying
C Manufacturing
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
F Construction
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
H Transportation and storage
I Accommodation and food service activities
J Information and communication
K Financial and insurance activities
L Real estate activities
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
N Administrative and support service activities
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
P Education
Q Human health and social work activities
R Arts, entertainment and recreation
S Other service activities

3 STRUCTURE OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, BY OWNERSHIP TYPES AND NKD 2007. SECTIONS, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2021

     Total Ownership types
State ownership Private ownership Co-operative ownership Mixed ownership No ownership
The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, % The number of legal entities Share in total, %
  Total 169 338 1 338 0,8 132 905 78,4 835 0,5 794 0,5 33 466 19,8
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2 943 15 0,5 2 546 86,5 350 11,9 30 1,0 2 0,1
B Mining and quarrying 189 4 2,1 174 92,1 2 1,1 9 4,8 - -
C Manufacturing 14 997 69 0,5 14 591 97,3 143 1,0 193 1,3 2 0
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 721 34 4,7 676 93,8 2 0,3 9 1,2 - -
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 848 325 38,3 512 60,4 1 0,1 8 0,9 2 0,2
F Construction 17 175 78 0,5 16 975 98,8 69 0,4 52 0,3 1 0
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 28 173 40 0,1 27 741 98,5 88 0,3 143 0,5 161 0,6
H Transportation and storage 6 965 60 0,9 6 824 98,0 12 0,2 38 0,5 31 0,4
I Accommodation and food service activities 13 478 49 0,4 13 264 98,4 46 0,3 72 0,5 47 0,3
J Information and communication 7 224 36 0,5 7 109 98,4 7 0,1 48 0,7 24 0,3
K Financial and insurance activities 953 18 1,9 894 93,8 8 0,8 10 1,0 23 2,4
L Real estate activities 5 192 37 0,7 5 129 98,8 2 0,0 24 0,5 - -
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 21 249 181 0,9 20 809 97,9 34 0,2 113 0,5 112 0,5
N Administrative and support service activities 7 112 64 0,9 7 008 98,5 21 0,3 15 0,2 4 0,1
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 982 32 3,3 3 0,3 1 0,1 1 0,1 945 96,2
P Education 3 594 136 3,8 1 224 34,1 - - 4 0,1 2 230 62
Q Human health and social work activities 3 370 42 1,2 1 114 33,1 22 0,7 4 0,1 2 188 64,9
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 11 386 86 0,8 1 755 15,4 16 0,1 7 0,1 9 522 83,6
S Other service activities 22 785 33 0,1 4 556 20,0 11 0,0 14 0,1 18 171 79,7
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods-and services-producing activities of households for own use 1 - - 1 100,0 - - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 1 - - - - - - - - 1 100

G-3 STRUCTURE OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, BY OWNERSHIP TYPES, MARCH 2021

The structure of active legal entities by ownership types shows that the private ownership predominated with 78.4% of entities, while 0.8% of entities were owned by the state, 0.5% of them were in mixed ownership and 0.5% of entities were in co-operative ownership. The ownership of 19.8% of legal entities was not monitored.

The ownership structure by activities shows that privately owned entities were predominant in service activities, e.g. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles had a share of 98.5%, Real estate activities of 98.8% and Transportation and storage of 98.0%. Approximately the same share of private ownership existed in the productive activities such as Construction (98.8%), Manufacturing (97.3%) and Information and communication (98.4%).

4 NUMBER OF ACTIVE LEGAL ENTITIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY NUMBER OF PERSONS IN EMPLOYMENT, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2021

             Total Number of persons in employment
0 1 – 9 10 – 49 50 – 249 250 – 499 500 and more
  Total 169 338 64 954 86 752 13 519 3 505 334 274
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2 943 1 153 1 491 238 50 5 6
B Mining and quarrying 189 43 96 38 10 - 2
C Manufacturing 14 997 3 432 8 405 2 324 674 98 64
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 721 396 255 52 12 3 3
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 848 154 300 272 107 12 3
F Construction 17 175 5 378 9 837 1 687 249 19 5
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 28 173 7 941 17 629 2 198 310 48 47
H Transportation and storage 6 965 1 870 4 440 510 109 20 16
I Accommodation and food service activities 13 478 4 000 8 094 1 216 144 11 13
J Information and communication 7 224 2 380 4 164 570 90 15 5
K Financial and insurance activities 953 210 607 81 28 9 18
L Real estate activities 5 192 3 251 1 808 124 7 1 1
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 21 249 5 951 14 141 1 039 108 6 4
N Administrative and support service activities 7 112 2 722 3 791 470 106 9 14
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 982 38 258 444 196 26 20
P Education 3 594 452 1 157 974 986 18 7
Q Human health and social work activities 3 370 1 134 1 303 646 225 24 38
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 11 386 8 145 2 850 319 56 9 7
S Other service activities 22 785 16 303 6 126 316 38 1 1
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use 1 1 - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 1 - - 1 - - -

Observation of the structure of active legal entities according to the number of persons in paid employment shows that the highest share of 51.2% belonged to entities employing 1 – 9 persons, followed by 38.4% of entities without persons in employment, 8.0% of entities employing 10 – 49 persons and 2.1% of entities employing 50 – 249 persons, while entities employing more than 250 persons had a share of only 0.4%.

5 TRADE COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2021

     Legal organisational forms
Total Joint stock companies Limited liability companies
Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active
  Total 220 588 134 365 1 224 777 160 288 98 016
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 4 341 2 591 38 23 3 256 1 986
B Mining and quarrying 331 187 14 9 289 166
C Manufacturing 22 678 14 851 364 212 17 494 11 530
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1 456 720 8 5 1 228 623
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 1 265 844 8 4 1 056 754
F Construction 27 941 17 106 126 74 19 862 11 617
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 53 051 27 894 166 90 41 964 22 093
H Transportation and storage 10 589 6 919 64 41 6 200 4 071
I Accommodation and food service activities 23 500 13 382 126 95 12 651 7 534
J Information and communication 10 351 7 191 36 28 8 006 5 737
K Financial and insurance activities 1 411 920 104 79 1 178 760
L Real estate activities 9 588 5 190 30 24 8 475 4 611
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 29 975 21 052 113 78 23 295 16 574
N Administrative and support service activities 11 315 7 087 12 9 7 940 5 161
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 30 16 - - 18 11
P Education 1 518 1 089 2 1 1 017 733
Q Human health and social work activities 1 269 939 - - 977 754
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 2 794 1 783 9 4 1 725 1 089
S Other service activities 7 183 4 603 4 1 3 656 2 211
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use 2 1 - - 1 1
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - -

5 TRADE COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS AND ACTIVITY, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2021

(continued)

    Legal organisational forms
Simple limited liability companies Public trade companies Main subsidiaries of foreign trade companies or individual traders Other legal forms
Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active Registered Active
  Total 57 439 34 779 364 192 1 007 464 266 137
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 1 038 574 1 1 4 4 4 3
B Mining and quarrying 25 10 - - 3 2 - -
C Manufacturing 4 687 3 061 4 2 119 45 10 1
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 215 90 - - 4 1 1 1
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 192 86 - - 8 - 1 -
F Construction 7 646 5 306 46 9 251 99 10 1
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 10 647 5 584 11 2 245 118 18 7
H Transportation and storage 4 277 2 783 6 3 41 20 1 1
I Accommodation and food service activities 10 689 5 739 2 - 28 12 4 2
J Information and communication 2 254 1 395 6 4 45 25 4 2
K Financial and insurance activities 70 32 - - 18 12 41 37
L Real estate activities 1 036 528 5 1 32 18 10 8
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 6 104 4 141 272 162 169 89 22 8
N Administrative and support service activities 3 312 1 888 4 3 30 15 17 11
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 2 1 - - - - 10 4
P Education 493 352 1 - 4 2 1 1
Q Human health and social work activities 290 184 1 1 1 - - -
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 1 044 674 1 1 1 1 14 14
S Other service activities 3 417 2 351 4 3 4 1 98 36
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use 1 - - - - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies - - - - - - - -

Limited liability companies were markedly predominant in the structure of trade companies by legal organisational forms, with a share of 72.7% of registered and 72.9% of active ones. Simple limited liability companies held the second place by their number, with a share of 26.0% of registered and 25.9% of active companies. Other legal forms of trade companies constituted the remaining share of 1.4%.

6 REGISTERED NON-PROFIT LEGAL ENTITIES, ACCORDING TO NKD 2007. SECTIONS AND BY ACTIVITY AND LEGAL ORGANISATIONAL FORMS, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2021

     Total registered legal entities Share of active legal entities, % Groups of legal organisational forms
Associations, institutions, economic co-operations, legislation, foundations, political parties and other organisations State government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units
  Total 72 060 47,4 69 635 2 425
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 4 50,0 4 -
B Mining and quarrying - - - -
C Manufacturing 7 42,9 7 -
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1 0,0 1 -
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 5 60,0 5 -
F Construction 1 100,0 1 -
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 214 89,7 214 -
H Transportation and storage 35 97,1 35 -
I Accommodation and food service activities 56 89,3 56 -
J Information and communication 59 44,1 59 -
K Financial and insurance activities 220 10,9 220 -
L Real estate activities - - - -
M Professional, scientific and technical activities 195 83,6 195 -
N Administrative and support service activities 9 44,4 9 -
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 3 030 31,8 605 2 425
P Education 2 818 88,9 2 818 -
Q Human health and social work activities 3 718 64,8 3 718 -
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 19 521 49,1 19 521 -
S Other service activities 42 113 43,1 42 113 -
T Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods – and services –producing activities of households for own use - - - -
U Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies 54 1,9 54 -

The structure of registered non-profit legal entities by legal forms shows that associations, institutions, co-operations and similar organisations had a share of 96.6%, while state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units had a share of 3.4%.

Concerning the activity of the mentioned legal entities, there were 47.4% of active ones. Their structure by activities shows that they were entities belonging to four activity sections: Other service activities with 58.4% of registered and 43.1% of active ones, Public administration and defence; compulsory social security with 4.2% of registered and 31.8% of active ones, Human health and social work activities with 5.2% of registered and 64.8% of active entities and Education with only 3.9% of registered ones, but with the largest share of active entities (88.9%).

7 STRUCTURE OF BUSINESS ENTITIES, BY COUNTIES, SITUATION AS ON 31 MARCH 2021

County of Total registered legal entities Trade companies Co-operatives Registered institutions, bodies, associations and organisations Entities in crafts and trades and free lances
Registered Active Registered Active
Republic of Croatia 296 221 220 588 134 365 3 573 833 72 060 85 142
Zagreb 18 726 14 575 9 222 145 35 4 006 5 060
Krapina-Zagorje 5 328 3 487 2 257 75 17 1 766 2 470
Sisak-Moslavina 6 501 3 796 2 240 163 26 2 542 2 137
Karlovac 5 713 3 611 2 293 131 29 1 971 1 831
Varaždin 8 693 6 115 4 099 100 19 2 478 2 729
Koprivnica-Križevci 4 940 3 069 1 918 198 39 1 673 1 531
Bjelovar-Bilogora 5 590 3 585 2 205 208 48 1 797 1 271
Primorje-Gorski kotar 24 894 19 465 11 277 153 30 5 276 8 828
Lika-Senj 2 485 1 458 922 74 10 953 818
Virovitica-Podravina 3 212 1 805 1 113 116 22 1 291 1 066
Požega-Slavonia 2 562 1 394 940 53 8 1 115 1 082
Slavonski Brod-Posavina 5 500 3 389 2 057 92 22 2 019 2 015
Zadar 10 680 7 849 4 961 220 57 2 611 4 288
Osijek-Baranja 14 526 8 960 5 751 272 86 5 294 4 450
Šibenik-Knin 6 351 4 138 2 344 206 43 2 007 2 526
Vukovar-Sirmium 6 364 3 482 2 162 217 66 2 665 2 245
Split-Dalmatia 30 672 23 125 14 239 437 124 7 110 11 119
Istria 21 932 18 072 10 584 114 22 3 746 7 225
Dubrovnik-Neretva 8 668 5 947 3 938 98 35 2 623 3 764
Međimurje 6 835 5 229 3 428 49 10 1 557 1 307
City of Zagreb 96 049 78 037 46 415 452 85 17 560 17 380

The data on the territorial distribution of business entities at the county level show that slightly less than one third of the total number of registered business entities (legal entities) were situated in the City of Zagreb. The City of Zagreb, however, had a significantly lower share of entities in crafts and trades and free lances, amounting to 20.4%. The County of Split-Dalmatia followed, with a share of 10.4% of legal entities and 13.1% of natural persons.

Three counties had a share larger than 5% of registered legal entities: the County of Primorje-Gorski kotar (8.4%), the County of Istria (7.4%) and the County of Zagreb (6.3%). The number of natural persons came in the same order.

The territorial structure of active trade companies was different in relation to the structure of the registered ones. Hence, the City of Zagreb had a share of 35.4% of registered and 34.5% of active entities, while the share of the second largest county, the County of Split -Dalmatia, was 10.6% of active and 10.5% of registered entities.

8 CREATING, DELETING AND HARMONISING OF REGISTERED LEGAL ENTITIES, 2020 AND 2021

    2020 2021
I – III IV – VI VII – IX X – XII I – III
Creating 3 583 2 454 3 198 3 713 3 720
Trade companies 3 127 2 194 2 843 3 354 3 278
Other 456 260 355 359 442
Deleting 228 112 165 151 179
Enterprises  11) 3 1 2 -
Trade companies 131 85 119 109 112
Other 96 24 45 40 67
Harmonising according to the Companies Act 6 4 6 3 1

1) Enterprises and co-operatives.

Data on changes in registered entities are divided into three groups: creations, deletions and harmonisations. They show that the number of creations and deletions increased in the mentioned period, while the number of harmonisations decreased.

The share of trade companies in the number of newly created entities in the observed period was 88.1%.

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

I Introduction

Based on the Act on the National Classification of Activities (NN, No. 98/94), the Decision on the National Classification of Activities − NKD 2007. (NN, Nos 58/07 and 72/07) and the Ordinance on the Classification of Business Entities According to the National Classification of Activities − NKD 2007. (NN, Nos. 55/16 and 35/18), the Croatian Bureau of Statistics keeps the Register of Business Entities (hereinafter referred to as: Register). The Register, pursuant to provisions of the aforementioned Ordinance, includes legal entities, state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units and parts thereof (hereinafter referred to as: business entities). The Register does not presently include natural persons engaged in activities according to regulations, foreign associations headquartered in the Republic of Croatia and business entities not headquartered in the Republic of Croatia.

The NKD 2007. is based on the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community – NACE Rev. 2, which is obligatory in EU Member States.

II Methods and sources of data collection

On registration, each business entity is assigned a seven-digit registration number, while its constituent parts are assigned an additional four-digit ordinal number besides that number.

Moreover, each business entity and parts thereof are assigned an activity code according to the NKD 2007.

Registered business entities are classified according to their prevailing activities in such a way that a numerical denotation of a class of the main activity is defined according to the NKD 2007. When, on the basis of a formal decision on registration with a competent authority or by law, a business entity is established to be engaged in more than one activity, the first classification according to the NKD 2007. is made upon the proposal of the business entity. Every subsequent classification of the business entity resulting in a change of the main activity is made in the following cases:

1) Upon the request of the business entity
2) Upon official duty, based on a change in the decision on registration with a competent authority or a change in the law.

The activity of the constituent parts of a business entity is established on the basis of a decision on registration with a competent authority or law on creation, irrespective of the activity of the business entity they are a part of.

Entry, registration, change and withdrawal of business entities are updated daily in the Register. Legal basis for updating the Register are the following:

1) Registers kept by:

– trade courts
– ministries
– state administration offices
– other registration bodies

2) Laws, decisions and other legal documents published in Narodne novine.

Registered business entities are structured according to the legal basis, as follows:

– trade companies, enterprises, co-operatives and institutions are registered in the Register upon decisions of registration bodies (trade courts),
– state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units registered according to the law
– associations, foundations, political parties and others registered on the basis of decisions of registry bodies according to specific laws.

Difficulties in updating of a significant proportion of units in the Register are a consequence of long-term transition periods during which register bodies harmonise business entities according to a new legislation. This also postpones the procedure of deletions of business entities who have not submitted a request for harmonisation in line with new regulations. Consequently, the Register data have constantly been changing in line with data on business entities subsequently collected from publicly available data bases.

A lack in the coverage of the Register is related to business entities engaged in activities of crafts and free lances, foreign associations headquartered in the Republic of Croatia and business entities not headquartered in the Republic of Croatia. In addition, it must be pointed out that there are methodological discrepancies between the Register as an administrative data base and the Statistical Business Register (hereinafter referred to as: eSPRi).

The data of the Register of Business Entities are linked to administrative data bases through an identification number, a registration number and a personal identification number.

III Meaning of individual terms

Business entities are legal entities and natural persons that perform activities according to the law, public government bodies (government administration bodies, other government bodies, bodies of local and regional self-government units, legal entities and other public authorities, legal entities established by the Republic of Croatia or local and regional self-government units, legal entities performing public service, legal entities financed mostly or completely from the state or local and regional self-government units budgets, that is, from public funds (taxes, provisions etc.), on the basis of a special act as well as trade companies in which the Republic of Croatia or the local and regional self-government units hold individual or joint majority ownership.

Registered legal entities (business entities) are units that are registered in the Register. These are: trade companies, institutions, co-operatives, associations, political parties, public government bodies and other non-harmonised units that held a legal subjectivity status according to previously valid laws.

Active legal entities (business entities) are registered legal entities entered into the Register, for which the activity status has been determined according to the eSPRi data. 

Natural persons are units that carry out activities in line with the law and refer to crafts and trades and free lances.

Main activity is an activity established according to the largest share in the total value added in the case of business entities that make profit through production, trade or rendering of services on the market or by the largest share in the number of persons in employment according to the payroll and gross paid-off salaries in the case of business entities that do not make profit through production, trade and rendering of services on the market.

Identification number is a permanent identification denomination of each business entity. It is used in all activities of official statistics. It is determined in the process of allocation of a control number according to module 11, while any part of a business entity is at the same time determined a four-digit ordinal number along with the identification number.

Registration number is a number under which a business entity is entered in a court or another specific register.

Personal identification number (OIB) is a permanent identification designation of an OIB holder, used by OIB users in official records, in everyday activities and in data exchange. OIB is unique, non-revealing, unchangeable and non-iterative.

Legal organisational form is a characteristic of units in the Register that divides them as joint-stock companies, limited liability companies, simple limited liability companies, co-operatives, institutions, associations, state government bodies and bodies of local and regional self-government units and other legal organisational forms. A legal organisational form of the Register has been determined by a decision of a competent registration body or by act on creation that is a basis for their entry into the Register.

Type of ownership is a characteristic of units entered into the Register that indicates the ownership structure of the unit and refer to the ownership of assets, that is, to startup deposit of a business entity.

Number of persons in employment is the feature used for indicating the size and structure of business entities. It is derived from Fina’s annual financial reports. In order to update this feature, as indicated in tables, the data have been harmonised with the regular monthly statistical survey that covers employment.

 

Abbreviations  
   
Fina Financial Agency
NKD 2007. National Classification of Activities, 2007 version
NN Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia

 

Symbols  
   
- no occurrence
0.0 value not zero but less than 0.05 of the unit of measure used

 

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